Escort Mk 3 Ford Restorations Club — Volkswagen Apollo

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Escort Mk 3

Ford Escort III (1980–1986)

Codenamed Erika, the generation Escort was launched in 1980. The code name to the leader of the product planning Erick A. Reickert.[citation needed] The American Escort introduced at time was a derivative. The two vehicles intended to share component but separate engineering organizations and regulations made this

The Escort Mark III was intended to be a hi- high- efficiency design would compete with the Golf, and indeed the car was launched the advertising tagline Simple is The Mark III was a radical departure the two previous models, the biggest being the adoption of front drive, and the new hatchback body, introduced trademark styling which would be later in the forthcoming Sierra and Scorpio, notably the Aeroback rear end — the off bootlid stump which was to reduce the car’s drag

Also new were the overhead CVH engines in 1.3 L and 1.6 L formats, with the engine from the Fiesta the 1.1 L derivative. The suspension was fully all around, departing from the leaf spring arrangement on its predecessors. The Escort Mark III was European Car of the Year in 1981, off stiff competition from Fiat Panda and British Austin Metro.[16]

It was also Semperit Irish Car of the Year in

From launch, the car was available in (Popular), L, GL, Ghia and XR3 trim.

the car attracted criticism from the press at launch due to how its suspension was set up, positive camber on the front and negative camber at the rear, rise to the Mark III’s knock- kneed stance. this gave the car acceptable on perfectly smooth roads, the car was tested on bumpy British the effects of this decision was and the Mark III soon had a reputation for a unforgiving ride, with handling.[citation needed]

The shock absorber specification was to also, and it was not until 1983 the suspension gremlins were ironed out. A three- automatic transmission was available on the 1.6 L within a couple of years of the launch. From mid- a 5- speed manual gearbox was across the range. This was now on the 1.6 L versions and could be specified as an on most 1.3 L engines.

A selection of were available, either as fitment or optional extras on model, including a tilt- slide sunroof, central and electric windows. All models for base and L were fitted a check- light system for low low oil, low coolant, low screenwash, and out brake pads. Power was not available on European Escorts it was available on the US Escort.

In order to compete with Golf GTI, a hot hatch of the Mark III was created from the — the XR3. Initially this a tuned version of the 1.6 L CVH engine with a twin- choke carburettor, uprated suspension and cosmetic alterations. Despite the lack of a 5- speed transmission and the of fuel injection, the XR3 instantly the public’s imagination and became a car which was beloved by boy racers in the Fuel injection finally in 1983 (creating the XR3i), with the racetrack- influenced The final performance update in the form of the turbocharged RS Turbo in 1984.

Another engine introduced the same time was the 1.6 L diesel Developed in Dagenham, it was remarkably for its time, and still is to this managing over 70 mpg. It was on the L and GL models. However, the performance was not so with only 54 bhp (40 kW; 55 PS) and a top speed of 90 mph (140 km/h).

The Escort was initially only available three doors, but a five- version was eventually introduced in In that year, a saloon of the Escort, the Orion, was launched. It the same mechanicals as the hatchback, but had a upmarket image and was not available the smaller 1.1 L engine. The Orion would continue in use through 1993, when it was dropped and the simply called Escort.

A convertible version, courtesy of Karmann appeared the same significant as it was the first drop- top car by Ford Europe since the of the 1960s. The Escort Cabriolet was available in both XR3i and specification, but the Ghia variant was after a couple of years.

A version of the Escort, the Bantam, was in South Africa, while had a two- door saloon as the Ford Verona/Volkswagen Apollo this was completely different the Orion.

Sales in the United were high, and by 1982 it had the ageing Cortina as the nation’s selling car.



Production 1980–1986

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Halewood Body Assembly,

Almussafes, Valencia, Spain[14]

Saarlouis, Germany[15]

Class C

Body style 3- door

3- door panel van

Platform ‘Erika’ platform

Engine OHV Valencia Straight- 4

1117cc OHC CVH 4

1296cc OHC CVH Straight- 4

Volkswagen Apollo
Volkswagen Apollo


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