PORSCHE 911 — Volkswagen Atlantic

19 Фев 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи PORSCHE 911 — Volkswagen Atlantic отключены
Volkswagen Atlantic

Bred for competition Words and from Ken Davies. Click top to view gallery

Recently, a of automotive birthdays have hit the The Mini, Jaguar E type, Elan, AC Cobra, MGB, Cortina GT and Lotus have all their half century. now comes the turn of perhaps the of cool’ global sports car the Porsche 911. Such has the phenomenon generated by the 911, books, magazines and column have been dedicated to the car any other, before or since.

Dr. Ing Porsche, a fine Austrian born in Maffersdorf at the time of the Empire, founded Porsche Holding SE in 1931 along his son-in-law Anton Piech, an lawyer. Their fledgling did not produce cars at this but instead centered on motor development and consulting.

One of the new company’s assignments was from the German to design a car for the people; the ‘Volks-wagen’, in the Volkswagen Beetle, one of the most car designs of all time. Porsche’s in-house design came in the of the Porsche 64, developed in 1939 and many components from the Three Type 64 cars built for the 1939 Berlin to race — that was cancelled.

With the onset of Volkswagen’s production capacity was to the military derivatives of the Volkswagen the Kubelwagen and Schwimmwagen, but Porsche produced several designs for tanks, ultimately leading to the Tiger I and Tiger II, the versatile Porsche designed for the Tiger I was used as the base for the Elefant destroyer.

At the end of World War II in 1945, the factory fell to the British, lost his position as Chairman of VW and Hirst, a British Army was put in charge. In December of that Ferdinand was arrested for war crimes, but tried and during his twenty-month his son Ferry decided to build his own as he’d failed to find an one that enthused him. navigated the Company through of its most difficult days his father’s release in August

In 1948 the mid-engined tubular 356 prototype called ‘No. was completed, leading to some as to the first Porsche automobile, but the 356 is by Porsche to be its first production ‘No 1’ was built in a sawmill in Gmund, Austria and demonstrated to German auto With typical Germanic production commenced when reached a set threshold.

Porsche the Zuffenhausen-based company, Reutter which had previously collaborated the firm on Volkswagen Beetle to produce the 356’s steel and in 1952 Porsche constructed an plant across the street Reutter.

The aero-dynamic, rear-engine 356, available in hardtop or open configuration, took the car world by storm, and enthusiasts on sides of the Atlantic clamoured its superior handling, and excellent quality. Owners happily everyday road use with races.

Design innovations during the years of manufacture, to the 356’s growing motorsport and popularity. As late as 1964 secured orders for over units and by the time 356 production in April 1965, approximately had been produced. Amazingly, was almost two years after the replacement model, the 911, had its debut and of that 76,000, still survive. On a final because the market for 4-cylinder remained healthy, particularly in the the tried and tested 4-cylinder, 90bhp engine from the 365 appearing as a supplementary model in the 911 and known as the 912.

Phew. to move rapidly on to the subject of article, the Porsche 911.

The for this enduring world-beater can be back to 1959 when were made by the talented Ferdinand ‘Butzi’ Porsche, son of for a car more powerful, larger, and comfortable replacement for the 356. The 911 was revealed to the world at the 1963 Motor Show, Internationale For the record, the actual car presented autumn to the public at Frankfurt had a mockup of the 901 engine, only a working unit in February

Originally designated as the ‘Porsche its internal project number, 82 were built as 901s Peugeot protested the title, on the that in France it had exclusive to car names formed by three with a zero in the middle. So, the became a 911. Internally, the part numbers carried on the 901 for years.

Production of the Porsche 911 in September 1964 with the cars reaching the US, a key target in February 1965, with a tag of USD6,500, or GBP68,000 in today’s All early editions of the 911 had a 1991cc, six, ‘boxer’ engine 128bhp, and although the 911 boasted seats, only very friends could squeeze in the so the car was usually referred to as a 2+2.

In Porsche introduced the more and now highly sought after Distinctive with its Fuchs alloy wheels the six cylinder was tuned to produce 158bhp.

a year later, in 1967, a 911, aimed specifically at the US and fitted with a stainless roll bar, in anticipation of National Highway Traffic Administration rules, outlawing open convertibles, being The car was equipped with a removable panel and a removable plastic window although a fixed version was offered from

The Targa name was taken the Targa Florio road in Sicily in which Porsche a remarkable eleven victories 1956 to 1973. The last win especially notable as it was scored a 911 Carrera RS against bespoke factory prototypes entered by and Alfa Romeo not bad for a production car.

Also launched in the 108bhp 911T effectively the 912, with the 128bhp rebadged as the 911L. The Competitions built 20, limited production racing versions of the 911S, as the 911R, with wafer aluminum doors, magnesium twin-spark cylinder head and a power output.

In an attempt to improve the inherent the limit’ nervous handling, 1969, the B series was introduced, the wheelbase for all 911/12 models 2,211mm to 2,268 mm. However, the length of the car did not change, the rear were merely relocated aft. Fuel injection arrived for the 911S, and the new ‘middle 911E. In fact this new 911E was known as the ‘secret from Zuffenhausen’, as despite its power output, 155bhp to the 911S’ 180bhp, it was faster to 100

The infamous semi-automatic Sportomatic its drive provided by a torque and automatic clutch, became of Porsche’s product range in the 60s, primarily to suit the driving style found in the US market.

By now Porsche had created an awesome reputation for engineering quality and excellence that Turner, legendary BMC Competitions and international rallying pundit, was as saying, “If only had concentrated on rallying with the intensity that they their racing programme would have proved

The 19721973 model years of the same models, but with a larger 2341cc engine, universally as the 2.4-litre engine, its displacement was closer to 2.3 litres. The and 911S utilised Bosch mechanical fuel injection for all The 911T was carbureted, except in the and Asian markets, where regulations forced Porsche to the car with mechanical fuel In January 1973, 911Ts to the new Bosche K-Jetronic CIS system for the US.

To the power and torque increases, the 2.4 cars also got a newer, transmission, identified by their ID type number 915. from the transmission used in the 908 race car, the 915 series did away with the 901/911 notorious ‘dog-leg’ style gear configuration, opting for the user-friendly ‘H’ pattern.

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By now 911S models had also a discreet spoiler under the bumper to improve high-speed With this model only 1050kg, the 911S is regarded as among the best of 911s. During 1970/71 the 911 ST was produced in limited numbers, with engines of either or 2492cc, and producing 266bhp at with total car weight down to 960kg. These achieved notable success at the Six Hours, Sebring Twelve Nurburgring 1000 Km and Targa

Porsche’s ‘coup de grace’ in 1973/74 when the lightweight RS, considered by many to be the greatest all 911, evolved out of the factory’s development knowledge and competition Make no mistake; this was a piece of competition kit. The name was resurrected from the 356 which had itself been after Porsche’s victories in the Pan-Americana races in Mexico the 1950s. RS stands for Rennsport in meaning ‘racing sport’. The RS Porsche to enter racing that demanded minimum production to satisfy homologation.

with a standard 911S, the 2.7 RS had a larger 2687cc engine 210bhp, revised and stiffened a ‘ducktail’ rear spoiler, brakes, wider rear and rear wings. In RS Touring it weighed 1075kg and in Sport form it was about 100kg the saving coming from the steel used for parts of the shell and also the use of thinner In total, 1,580 Carrera RS built, comfortably exceeding the of 500 that had to be made to qualify for the FIA 4 class. A further 49 Carrera RS were built with engines producing 288bhp.

In Porsche created the Carrera RS 3.0 K-Jetronic Bosch fuel producing 230 PS. It was almost twice as as the 2.7 RS but offered a fair amount of capability for the money. The chassis was similar to that of the 1973 RSR and the brake system was from the Porsche 917. The use of thin plate panels and a spartan enabled the weight to be further to around 900kg. This prove that the 911 represented the automobile with the closest DNA to of a pure racing car straight out the

The Carrera RSR 3.0 and Carrera RSR Turbo, with a 2.1 litre engine due to the equivalency factor, were in tiny numbers purely for The turbo car came second at the 24 of Le Mans in 1974, a significant in that its engine would the basis of many future racing projects. This can be as the birth of Porsche’s commitment to

These, the first ten years of the life are considered by many to be its age’ and from 1975 the 911 to acquiesce to the desires of the global market, gaining weighty such as impact bumpers, adjusted and heated seats, and air conditioning, all ultimately impacting on the of the road car.

In 1978 to 1983 the 911 SC represented the standard range, made up of traditional Targa, Cabriolet and Speedster With an engine capacity of 3.0 this model evolved the 1984-89 3.2 litre Carrera, at point a detailed restyling place which resulted in a new number, the 964. between Porsche enthusiast then saw the incarnation of their beloved six, air-cooled, boxer car with the introduction of the 993,

After manufacturing and selling 800,000 examples of this and elegant work of art, I this is the point where the story finally ends, its hardly changing since the for example, compare the profile of against 1997.

From on, all cars built by Porsche are by water cooled engines, the on the 911 theme being the 991 Carrera and S, built on an entirely new platform but only the third chassis the original 911. The Carrera is by a 350bhp 3.4-litre engine and the S, a 3.8-litre engine producing 400 The 991’s overall wheelbase is now inches with a wider track +2.0 inches for the S.

There remains a thousand 911 stories; such as the 911 based nicknamed ‘Moby Dick’ its whale-like profile, and which won Le in 1978 with a top speed of Or the charismatic 959 of the mid-eighties, the ultimate 4-WD super car, could accelerate 0-60 mph in 3.9 and was evolved from the Paris-Dakar Each 959 reputedly cost to produce, but sold for USD250K.

the Sixties, I raced an almost 356B and between 1994-2005, a 2.2 in the popular HSCC 70s Sports Car The quality, reliability, performance and can be summed up quite easily, you get what you pay for.

The 911 enjoys a for being difficult to drive; is legend, or a popular misnomer? as long as the driver observes the principles of smooth driving and that the engine is behind the wheels no problem. Watch any 911 being driven by a half-tidy and you’ll see a well-mannered competition car with many years of the engineering expertise behind it, heading for another victory.

birthday 911 and here’s to your 50 years

Volkswagen Atlantic
Volkswagen Atlantic
Volkswagen Atlantic

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