globalncap — Volkswagen Bora sedan

12 Май 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи globalncap — Volkswagen Bora sedan отключены
Фольксваген бора

SAO PAULO (AP) — The cars endlessly off the local assembly of the industry’s biggest automakers, than 10,000 a day, the eager hands of Brazil’s new class. The shiny new Fords, and Chevrolets tell the tale of an in full bloom that now the fourth largest auto in the world.

What happens those vehicles hit the streets, is shaping up as a national tragedy, say, with thousands of … every year in accidents that in many shouldn’t have proven

The culprits are the cars themselves, with weaker welds, safety features and inferior compared to similar models for U.S. and European consumers, say and engineers inside the industry. of Brazil’s five bestselling failed their independent tests.

Unsafe cars, with the South American often dangerous driving have resulted in a Brazilian rate from passenger car that is nearly four that of the United States, to an Associated Press analysis of Health Ministry data on compared to the size of each car fleet. In fact, the two countries are in opposite directions on survival — the U.S. recorded 40 percent fatalities from car wrecks in compared with a decade In Brazil, the number … 72 percent, according to the latest data.

Dr. Dirceu Alves, of a Brazilian association of doctors specializes in treating traffic victims, said poorly cars take an unnecessary

“The gravity of the injuries at the hospitals is just ugly,” he “injuries that should not be

Automakers in Brazil point out their cars meet the safety laws. Some they build even cars for the country because of its maintained roadways and rejected any that cost-cutting in production to fatalities.

But the country’s few safety perceive a deadly double with automakers earning money from selling that offer drivers safeguards — a worrisome gap for new middle-class whose surging spending has outpaced consumer protections for granted in more developed The problem extends beyond with economic forecasts the majority of global growth in sales taking place in nations as the world’s auto doubles to 1.5 billion by 2020.

cars in Brazil are incredibly it can’t be denied. The … from accidents is far too high,” Maria Ines Dolci, of the Rio de Janeiro-based consumer defense Proteste. “The manufacturers do because the cars are a little to make and the demands of the Brazilian are less; their knowledge of issues is lower than in or the U.S.”

Manufacturers earn a 10 percent on Brazilian-made cars, compared 3 percent in the U.S. and a global of 5 percent, according to IHS Automotive, an consulting firm.

Only year will laws frontal air bags and antilock systems on all cars, safety that have been in industrial countries for years. The will also have new regulations on paper, at least; regulators don’t have own crash-test facility to verify claims about vehicle nor are there independent labs in the

Experts say those requirements are not sufficient to meet basic standards. Some models in Brazil, like the Chinese-made JAC J3, only one star in a recent test despite having air and antilock brakes.

An independent effort known as the Latin New Car Program has run initial tests of most popular car models, and the are bleak.

The cheapest models of of the five top-selling cars, by General Motors, Volkswagen and received a one-star rating, out of stars, while other top also scored poorly. a rating means cars little protection in serious wrecks, compared to four- or rated cars, which are the minimum that consumers in the and Europe buy.

“The is you’re talking about … in the vehicle or … quickly, or somebody being to get out of the vehicle themselves,” said Ward, director general of the FIA Foundation for auto safety, supports the Euro and Latin programs. “It’s definitely a between life and ….”

The Ford Ka hatchback sold in scored four stars it was tested by Euro NCAP in its Latin American version one star.

Ford acknowledged particular Ka is built on an outdated and said it cannot be compared the European version of the same — it’s that different. The said it aims to have all its produced in Brazil built on global platforms by 2015.

The Nissan March compact in Latin America received a rating from Latin while the version sold for the same price in Europe, the Micra, scored four The crash tests found the American model had a weak, body structure that occupants little protection in non-serious wrecks.

In an emailed statement, Nissan the March sold in Brazil is the same model” offered in “The difference in the results in Europe and Latin America is due to in the NCAP tests applied in parts of the world.”

Not so, said Furas, technical director for the NCAP crash test

“We perform the frontal crash exactly in the same way as the Euro he said. “The March and were tested in the same with the same type of test dummies, under the conditions with the same running the laboratory.”

The Euro tests are more complete. include side-impact and other while the Latin American only records front-impacts. type of impact test is scored on a 16-point scale.

The sold in Brazil obtained a rating in its frontal-impact test. The fared much better, points.

Italian automaker said in an emailed statement “in general, Brazilian projects more reinforcements” within the bodies to fortify them the nation’s “harsher roads and

However, NCAP tests that Fiat’s best-selling car in called the Novo Uno, had an body structure and scored it one star.

Crash-test footage the front of the car folding up like an giving it a 2.0 point rating, the lowest of the 28 cars NCAP has Consumers purchased nearly Novo Uno’s last — the second-most popular car in the country.

safety standards also The French company builds its in Brazil, selling 98,400 last year. That car one star on the Latin NCAP but the model sold in Europe, by Renault’s Romanian subsidiary scored three stars.

said the safety record of the and its other cars were on par autos of the same class in

One of those is the VW Gol, Brazil’s car for the last decade.

Volkswagen it strives to maintain a global for body strength, putting the number of welds on the same regardless of where they’re and using high-strength steel in cars. It added that 1998 it’s given consumers the option of buying a car air bags — its Gol Trend model two frontal air bags scored stars, while the same without air bags scored one

The company didn’t respond to for figures on how many consumers air bags.

“Structural integrity a crash is a global standard for the company said in an emailed “The passenger compartment for the Gol stable and thus guarantees space for occupants.”

Latin has tested three VW models. The Gol and the had stable bodies. The Bora however, was rated as unstable, other factors helped it three stars.

And then are the cars the companies do not market Latin America, such as the by GM. Celta is Brazil’s No. 5 car in terms of with 137,615 sold year. It received one star its door unhinged and the passenger roof bent into an V shape during its crash

General Motors had no comment than to say that its cars in are legal.

An engineer for a major automaker, speaking only on of anonymity for fear of losing his said he has watched for years as his failed to implement more safety features in Brazil, because the law did not require them.

automakers are pleased to make profitable cars for countries the demands, whatever they may be, are rigorous,” he said. “It happens — India, China and Russia, for

___

About 40 million Brazilians into the middle class the past decade with income than ever to buy first car. The growth is enormous: One out of every seven owns a car, while the vehicle fleet covers every American.

But as auto boom in Brazil, so have the of accidents and deaths.

An analysis of Ministry data shows 9,059 car occupants died in crashes in Brazil in 2010, to the most recent statistics That same year, people in the U.S. were in car crashes, though the U.S. car fleet is five times than Brazil’s. The result: automobile crash victims at four times the rate as in the U.S.

The dangers come to basics, engineers said: the of body reinforcements, lower-quality in car bodies, weaker or fewer spots to hold the vehicles and car platforms designed decades modern safety advances.

“The electricity used in a car is about 20 percent of the cost of the said Marcilio Alves, an professor at Brazil’s premier of Sao Paulo and one of the few independent researchers in the looking at car safety.

“If you save on you save on cost. One way to save is either reducing the number of welds or using less for each spot weld This affects structural in the event of a crash.”

In a car with no air and an unstable body structure, a biggest danger is the steering

A weak body structure and steering column make it for the wheel to slam into the chest and abdomen in frontal the deadliest and most common, serious damage to vital

Ward talks of steering that break off and “float” wrecks in poorly made — moving around the cabin in the area. That means even if an air bag is deployed, the steering may go around or under it and directly hit the

Many Brazilian car bodies don’t contain crumple areas that absorb during wrecks. The omission occupants’ lower limbs, as wells rip off and expose feet and to car parts slamming into from the front.

“If a car’s cannot absorb the energy of a it will logically result in damage, more injuries to said Alves, the doctor who in traffic accident victims.

Фольксваген бора

One engineer described the situation by two car body designs with perimeters, but one depicted internal — missing body reinforcements.

He three decades for Volkswagen and the last 10 years as an independent consultant for big automakers. He asked his name not be published for fear of contracts and benefits.

“The of a car’s body being to withstand the crash test are the spots,” he said.

“Let’s say is a German car,” he pointed to the sketch. “It’s really Nothing is missing.”

Then he at the car made in Brazil, full of ink strokes.

“The Brazilian looks the same from the but it’s missing pieces,” he “In one version they include the in the other they don’t. of interest is the final shape. inside, nobody can see.”

___

In 2008, Carlos Alberto then a 23-year-old waiter, was in a one-star car traveling about 50 mph on a highway in the southeastern Brazilian of Minas Gerais when the curved smoothly left. The car skidded into an embankment and several times down a incline. Of the four occupants, was the only one with serious leaving him … from the down.

Lopes says the seatbelt he was wearing didn’t his body in place, allowing him to hit the collapsing roof as the car rolled. He a crushed vertebra.

“If the seatbelt had when the car rolled I wouldn’t hit my back. None of this have happened,” Lopes

A study by a chain of Brazilian centers where Lopes is treated found that in 40 percent of the patients it worked in Sao Paulo with serious injuries were hurt in accidents.

Lopes never a lawsuit. In fact, in more a dozen interviews with victims left … crashes, not one considered taking action against vehicle

That’s in part a reflection of the of police investigations into car the majority of which, like only result in simple bulletins” that include information.

But it’s also of the deference Brazil’s new middle consumers show to automakers and other industries.

“We’re 20 behind the U.S. and Europe in of consumer awareness,” said coordinator of the Proteste consumer group. “The new, middle class entering the has little information on car safety. think little of automobile It’s this very of consumer the automakers are targeting and to they’re selling a mountain of

Accidents like Lopes’ more than a poorly car.

Drivers fail to traffic laws, which of the region’s governments notoriously enforce. Cars must crumbling roads and poorly highway systems that all but gridlock and accidents unavoidable. And drivers simply value such as alloy wheels and systems over unseen zones.

In 1965, there 47,089 motor vehicle in the U.S. That same consumer activist Ralph famous indictment of the auto was published, Unsafe at Any Speed. The ignited a national discussion on safety and ultimately led to reforms dramatically refashioned the industry’s helping lead to a 32 percent in deaths by 2011.

Nader said halting the number of auto deaths in would take “a public product liability lawsuits, boycotts by motorists or by mandatory law equalizing safety standards the safest engineering required in countries.”

“These responses in the have worked in other confronted by auto industry standards for protecting lives on the Such actions are long but now Brazilians know the truth in detail,” he said.

The Brazilian says its new laws mandating air bags and anti-lock brakes dramatically improve safety, as new impact standards. But because are no independent crash-test centers in companies will not face the scrutiny as elsewhere. They run the impact tests themselves and the results to the government for approval. there is no “conformity of production” in the Brazilian legislation, cars be spot-checked to ensure they safety laws.

Alexandre the top government minister overseeing safety laws, acknowledged the government doesn’t have its own center — but said Brazil monitor crash tests outside the country.


“Regarding and rear-end crash tests, our are as secure as European or American Cordeiro said.

However, asked about the stark in performance that the NCAP document between Brazilian and cars, Cordeiro acknowledged need to be made, saying “we to evolve and we’re working on

Over the years Ward he has watched the same battles out over auto safety — the thing that changes is the “The sad thing is, this has the experience in the 1960s in the U.S. in the in Europe and now in Latin America,” said. “The industry the least it can get away with they’re forced to do something It’s maddening.” —

To the full article by Bradley on the Associated Press website, please this link

Interesting



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