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Maserati — Origins

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The Maserati brothers, Bindo, Carlo, Ettore, and were all involved with from the beginning of the 20th Alfieri, Bindo and Ernesto 2-litre Grand Prix for Diatto. In 1926, Diatto the production of race cars, to the creation of the first Maserati and the of the Maserati marque. One of the first driven by Alfieri, won the 1926 Florio. Maserati began race cars with 4, 6, 8 and 16 (two straight-eights mounted to one another). Another Maserati Mario, an artist, is believed to devised the company’s trident based on one the Fontana del Nettuno, Alfieri Maserati died in but three other brothers, Ernesto and Ettore, kept the going, building cars won races.

In 1937, the remaining brothers sold their in the company to the Adolfo Orsi who in 1940 relocated the company to their hometown of Modena, it remains to this day. The continued in engineering roles the company. Racing successes even against the giants of racing, Auto Union and In back-to-back wins in 1939 and a Maserati 8CTF won the Indianapolis the only Italian manufacturer to do so.

The war then intervened, Maserati cars to produce components for the war effort. During this Maserati worked in fierce to construct a V16 towncar for Benito before Ferry Porsche of built one for Adolf Hitler. failed, and the plans were Once peace was restored, returned to making cars; the A6 series did well in the post-war scene.

Key people joined the team. Alberto Massimino, an old engineer, with both Romeo and Ferrari experiences the design of all racing models for the ten years. With him joined Giulio Alfieri, Vittorio and Gioacchino Colombo. The focus was on the engines and chassis to succeed in car These new projects saw the last of the Maserati brothers, who after 10-year contract with expired went on to form This new team at Maserati on several projects: the 4CLT, the A6 the 8CLT, and, pivotally for the success of the company, the A6GCM.

The Argentinian driver Juan-Manuel raced for Maserati for a number of in the 1950s, producing a number of victories including winning the championship in 1957 in the Maserati alongside Toulo de Graffenried, Chiron, Prince Bira, Platé, and a few others. Other projects in the 1950s were the 300S (with several pilots, among them Musy), 350S, and 450S, in 1961 by the famous Tipo 61.

Maserati had retired from racing participation because of the tragedy during the 1957 Miglia, though they to build cars for privateers. 1957, Maserati became and more focused on road and chief engineer Giulio built the 6-cylinder 3500 2+2 which featured an aluminum over Carrozzeria Touring’s structure, a design also for the small-volume V8-powered 5000. came the Vignale-bodied Sebring, in 1962, the Mistral Coupé in and Spider in 1964, both by Pietro Frua, and also in the company’s first four-door, the designed by Frua as well. The Ghibli coupé was launched in followed by a convertible in 1969.

In Maserati was taken over by the car manufacturer, Citroën. Adolfo remained the nominal president, but changed a great deal. New were launched, and built in greater numbers than Citroën borrowed Maserati and engines for the Citroën SM and other and Maseratis also incorporated technology, particularly in hydraulics.

New included the Maserati Bora, the mass-produced mid-engined Maserati, in and the Maserati Merak and Maserati soon afterwards; the Maserati II, which shared some with Citroën SM, never into production, although were made to special The 1973 oil crisis, however, put the on this ambitious expansion the demand for fuel-hungry sports shrank. Citroën went in 1974 and on 23 May 1975, the new controlling PSA Peugeot Citroën declared Maserati was also in administration. up by Italian government funds Societa di Gestioni e Partecipazioni dello Stato Italiano), the was kept in business.

The Maserati engine and its associated have been used in vehicles such as Special prepared Citroën DS, as used by Bob in Bandama Rally or in the Ligier JS 2.


In 1975 the company was taken by Alessandro de Tomaso, an Argentinian racing driver, who became director. De Tomaso, with aid GEPI, had arranged for the Benelli company, which he controlled, to buy from Citroën and install him as its Beginning in 1976 new models introduced, including the Maserati and later the Maserati Quattroporte III in

The 1980s saw the company largely the mid-engined sports car in favour of styled, front-engined, rear-drive cheaper than before but aggressive performance, like the Biturbo.The Maserati Biturbo was fitted in a large number of all sharing key components. These a short two door coupe, the Karif, and a cabriolet, the Spyder, by Zagato. The last version of the Biturbo was called Maserati It has been a transitional model in several features to be found on the II and the Shamal were tested. Two new the Maserati Shamal and Maserati II, were released in 1990 and respectively.

The company also worked with Chrysler, now headed by de friend Lee Iacocca. Chrysler part of Maserati and the two jointly a car, the Chrysler TC by Maserati.

were also two further

the Chubasco a canceled V8 mid-engine car.

the Maserati Barchetta a open top mid engine sports designed by Synthesis design Gaino); 17 examples were

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Fiat ownership

1993 saw the acquired by Fiat. Substantial were made in Maserati, and it has undergone something of a renaissance.

In a new chapter began in Maserati’s when the company launched the GT. This two-door coupé is by a 3.2 L twin-turbocharged V8 which produces 370 hp kW); the car does 060 mph in 5.5 seconds. Its top is 285 km/h (177 mph). It was by the Maserati Spyder and Coupé in the model year, which in were replaced by the GranTurismo and


In July 1997, Auto sold a 50% share in the to Maserati’s long-time arch-rival (Ferrari being itself a company to Fiat Auto the Fiat Group umbrella). In Ferrari took full making Maserati its luxury A new factory was built, replacing the 1940s-vintage facility. Ferrari is for bringing Maserati back business, after many years of Maserati teetering on the of bankruptcy.

More recently, Maserati an agreement with Volkswagen for the company to share its Audi Quattro all-wheel-drive technology meant for the still-born Maserati sport utility vehicle for Maserati’s current Quattroporte This idea has since abandoned because Volkswagen two of Ferrari’s direct rivals, and Bugatti.

Meanwhile two new models been shown to the public: the road supersports and successful GT with a Ferrari Enzoderived and engine. And the Quattroporte, a high saloon with the 4.2l V8 Maserati is nowadays back in the very successfully selling on a basis. In 2001 Ferrari to throw away all the old tooling and high-tech devices in the Modena making it one of the most advanced in the

Since early 2002 are once again being in the United States market, has quickly become for Maserati the market worldwide. The company has re-entered the racing arena their Trofeo and, in 2003, the Maserati MC12 known as the MCC), which was according to FIA GT regulations and has since with great success in the FIA GT championship, winning the teams three consecutive times 2005 to 2007. The MC12 has been raced in various GT championship as well as in the American Le series. The MC12 is based on the Ferrari sports car; 50 homologation models (roadsters and have been sold for US$700,000 each.

Partnered with Alfa

In 2005 Maserati were off from Ferrari and merged Alfa Romeo under Auto. Maserati sold cars in the United States in 2,108 in 2006, and 2,540 in In the second quarter of 2007 made profit for the first in 17 years under Fiat ownership.

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