Camper Van Research Sustainable Free Housing Microtopia — Volkswagen Campmobile

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Camper Van Research Sustainable Housing 

The Eurovan 97 has dual

Volkswagen Pop-Top Camper Overview

The following write-up is to clarify the years and terminology with Volkswagen Campers 1968-2003. Included are some descriptions of their body interior layout, power and when VW made major This is meant to be a helpful It may contain minor errors and we may add or portions of it’s text at any


68-79: Bus 

80-91:

92-03: Eurovan

BUS CAMPERS: 

VW campers were the Type 2 Bus . models were also to as the Bay Window Bus, or “Bread-Loaf or simply “VW Bus” Westfalia A nice used example run between $2500 and $4500. A restored one can cost anywhere $25,000 to $40,000.  As compared to the and Eurovan, the Bus camper is agruably the charming camp of  models. as you will read further on, it is by far the antiquated and impractical of models. to the Vanagon and Eurovan models, it is just a vintage curiosity. Cool practical no.

1968-1971 . These are VW fitted with a 1600cc VW type 1 engine. Year 1968-1970 were basically the The 1971 is special because it has a port engine (about a 58 hp instead of about 50 hp), and power assisted disc You can spot this year off the bat because they have the common narrow 112mm road wheel used all the way 1991, that uses the more flatter hub cap. The earlier (1970 and older) have the old VW 5-bolt wheel that the taller, baby moon hub cap.  Other than and the shape of the side markers on earlier models, wrectangular on models) they look much the same as the 68-71.

. You can spot a 1972 and newer Bus by the larger, tall narrow lights, as opposed to the small tail lights used about 1960 to 1971. years are fitted with the VW type 4 engine. These are commonly referred to as the Porsche-powered Bus it has the same engine that was in the Porsche 914 from 1970-1976. the truth is that the 914 Porsche was VW not the other way around. Funny how get started. The 1972 and 1973 were 1700cc with carburetors, the 1974 was 1800cc dual carbs, the 1975 was with EFI (Electronic Fuel and the 1976-1979 were 2000cc The pop-top on the Bus Westy changed in from a front-tipping roof to a roof (like all Vanagon have). As a rule of thumb, the Bus Westy is the best. The 1979 is the best one. It is the only Bus came with electronic injection with Lambda sensor) controlled mixture, ignition, and hydraulic valves all in the vehicle (California models

VW VANAGON CAMPERS

1980-1991 VW were Vanagon Westfalia . The interior layout in the Vanagon unlike the VW Bus, which many times, stayed the same throughout the years. The of the earliest Vanagon Westy’s fake wood-grain, the seats a funky striped design, and all the and ceiling covering was a thin paper-like material that fall off. Around the cabinet finish changed to a tan color, the fabric changed to a subdued and extremely durable tan and the funky and unreliable contact was replaced with a much attractive and durable material. interior scheme stayed in through 1986 and in 1987 the color changed to gray and a very high quality. All camper interiors are almost In 1989 the closet door was so it could be open with the table in the stowed position. In the refrigerator was changed to an electric type, but that’s about it. In 1986, and 1987 there was a Westfalia Wolfsburg Weekender These models have the pop-top as the full camper, but of the frig/stove/sink assembly, it has a flip-up instead and one rear-facing seat the driver. A very similar was offered again in 1990 and and was called the Westfalia Multi-Van offered on the Eurovan platform as The inside set-up of the MV model was identical to the Wolfsburg Weekender, it had two rear-facing seats behind of the front seats, both of were quick-release for easy The 90/91 Multi-Vans (or “MV’s) are a Carat seven-passenger Vanagon with the Westfalia pop-top, and are most sought-after and valuable two drive Vanagons ever Whereas the appearance of the Vanagon very little over the 12 it was offered, mechanically they profoundly:

1980-1983 . The Vanagon was in 1980 with the same EFI engine that was used in the of the Buses. These air cooled although a great improvement their Bus predecessors, are the worst of the The 2000cc air cooled engine was not up to the task of pushing around an bigger, heavier box. engine life is about miles. Additionally, the first at the 4-speed shifter system was a failure and was totally re-designed the introduction of the gasoline water-cooled in late 1983. A good of one of these Westy’s will run $5000 and $7500

1982-1983 Diesel-powered Vanagon . VW the Vanagon with the VW Rabbit diesel engine for two (thank short years. Now, we at love diesel-powered vehicles get me wrong. I own four diesel-powered three of them VW’s. what the hell was VW thinking they put a 48hp 1600cc diesel engine into vehicle? It is simply amazing. We converted six of these vehicles to the stouter 1900cc turbo-diesel plant with great They are strong running, and about 30% better fuel than a typical gasoline Vanagon. However, these have many of the shortcomings of all the Vanagons (the shifter for example), and the cost and trouble of one of these to the newer turbo power plant is formidable. A Diesel westy with a 1.9 engine will run between and $25,000

1983-1985 . The Vanagon was in year model 1983 a water-cooled “Wasserboxer” or “Waterboxer” all of us English-speaking folk) engine in America. These first boxer engines were and had “Digijet” EFI. The basic of the Waterboxer is solid. It was the culmination of 40 years of experience VW had with the opposed, four-cylinder engine The Waterboxer is basically made in the external dimensions as a VW Type 1 with the internal displacement and bearing design of the Type 4 and water (instead of air) The first Waterboxer Vanagons had problems with the cooling First of all, VW didn’t until about two years production that there was a with the phosphate in the coolant were using. The wrong formula caused the cylinder to corrode rapidly at the area the water-jacket rubber seal incorrectly referred to as the “head and cylinder head come contact. Most engines leaking coolant within the couple of years, or about miles. This stigma has the Waterboxer design ever even though the problem was solved early on. With given to using a non-phosphate and regular 2-year flushing of the there is absolutely no problem We have seen Waterboxer with up to 290,000 miles into our shop completely the engines never having disassembled. The rest of the problems the cooling system were with the introduction of the 1986 Vanagon. You can pick up a good 83-85 Westy for between and $10,000.

1986-1991 . These are the best of the They are easily identified by rectangular (instead of round) The ‘86 and ‘87’s had smaller steel the ‘88-‘91’s had larger fiberglass and an added ventilation duct at the of each of the rear side Many people think these Vanagons were because of the increase in displacement 1900cc to 2100cc, but in fact was the least important change. the two engines are essentially identical in and design, with the exception of a … crankshaft (74mm of 69mm, increasing displacement to instead of 1915cc), and an improved #1 bearing design. The more changes were: Improved ignition, fuel injection brakes, and (most importantly) systems. The cooling system was re-worked for 1986 and stayed unchanged through the end of 1991 The new cooling system had fewer and was much easier to bleed and than the earlier system. the newer engine case the better #1 main bearing was also slightly bigger enabling the displacement to be increased further than 2110cc. As a of thumb, I tell folks to away from Vanagons round headlights. The price between a clean 1985 and a 1986 camper is usually whereas the later is a much vehicle indeed. Nice Westy’s run about $12-18k, run about $14-20k, and ‘90-‘91’s run $16-24k

1986-1991 Syncro Vanagon . VW offered the Vanagon in a time all wheel drive called the Syncro. It was offered in van, Weekender, and Camper (but not the in MV). These all command a much higher tag. These all wheel Vanagons are way cool, but way expensive not to purchase, but to maintain as well. cost $5,000 and $10,000 than the exact same vehicle to purchase, and EVERYTHING them is more difficult and to repair. My advice is to stay from the Syncro unless you want all wheel drive, and the BUDGET is NOT part of your

VW EUROVAN CAMPERS

1993-2003 VW are Eurovan models . Eurovan started in 1992 in Europe. It was in the USA as a 1993 model as a passenger van and with and without the pop-top. All full campers sold in the USA are conversions, not Westfalia.

1993-1994 . The VW pop-top models offered in the USA in and 1994 was the Westfalia Weekender (MV). These vehicles the same as the regular passenger except they had an interior and installed by Westfalia. However, were weekenders, without frig, or stove. They had two seats, one fixed seat the driver with a slide-out cooler under it on pop-top only, and the other behind the seat that is easily (both removable on the non-pop-top The venerable VW/Audi inline 140 hp engine powered all the 1993-1994 This is the same engine was used in the Audi 5000 about 1977. They available in either 5-speed or 4 speed electronically controlled This set-up was discontinued in and re-introduced in 1997 with a V6 and basically unchanged through end of in 2003. The V6 was not offered as a 5-speed

1995-1996 . The first Eurovan (EVC’s) were available in the USA in 1995, and were Winnebago conversions. Although there were 1996 models were presumably the same as the models, all of the 5-cylinder EVC’s we seen at GoWesty have all 1995 models. We have seen a 1996 model. All are based on an extended delivery-van which is 15.5 inches than the regular Eurovan CL, MV, and GLS They were delivered to basically bare inside the behind the front seats front seats are VW, everything from there on the inside is but fully loaded with all comfort options (AC, power everything). Winnebago converted them to a pop-top These early Winnie had the same power plant as the regular Eurovan models, the VW/Audi 5-cylinder in-line that was used in the Audi and VW Quantum models. These EVC’s were available 5-speed manual or 4-speed transaxles. In general, you want to away from the 95/96 unless you HAVE TO have a Eurovan. The manual trans was only available in 1995/1996. If you HAVE TO have a manual then get a V6 EVC FOR SURE.

1997-2000 . In 1997 VW switched to the 139 ft-lb “VR6”, 12 valve V6 and the 5-speed option. This new was more reliable than the highly reliable 5-cylinder, and it NOT have a timing belt to The interior fabric pattern still basically gray, from a thin-stripped arrangement to triangles. In 2000 the interior changed again to a circular and all the interior ABS plastic changed to a color gray. The interior the same from 2000 to the end of production in 2003. From dual air bags became However, the glove box disappeared.

. These were the best of the In 2001 the VR6 was redesigned with all new management system, 4 valves per instead of 2 (24 valves total of 12), with variable cam and individual coils for each plug, eliminating the need for tension spark plug The HP jumped an amazing 45% to 201HP, and the was even more reliable. It be noted that the engine was not any in displacement but rather remained the at 2.8 liters. Therefore the engine’s output only increased to by 8 to 180, only 5%. So, the seat of the feel between the 1997-2000 and the 2001-2003 models is not very different, and in fact the lower HP is quite satisfactory. I once a Vanagon Westy on a tow dolly a 2000 EVC from Portland to Los Osos, California. Without shifting the transaxle manually I travel the speed limit up and all the grades and cruise at 90 on the flats! Now PLENTY of power. With the of the higher HP engine, the 15-inch wheel was replaced with a wheel to make room for brakes. Additionally, a rear bar was added and the rear suspension was about 2. Other than it didn’t change noticeably Indeed, a 1997 EVC fitted 16 wheels looks just a 2003. All V6 Eurovans should the original plastic impeller pump replaced with one has a steel impeller. That is much the ONLY part on a VR6 that fails prematurely and and can cause catastrophic overheating and melt down. A new water with steel impeller is about $80!

The Achilles of the Eurovan is the Automatic Transmission .

All of the Eurovan with the Automatic proven to be potentially problematic. all automatic transmissions, foreign and are electronically controlled after 1990, and the Eurovan is no exception. The “electronically controlled” means is a computer, wiring, and electric involved telling the transmission to shift, and into which Because of their complicated quality control is extremely It is pitifully common to have the AT on a completely fail at 70, 60, or even 50K The design of the Eurovan AT is basically solid. All of the failures that we seen have been control related. A bad connection, a roll pin, something inconsequential “brings the whole down”. Failures come without warning, leaving stranded. Some of our customers opted to have their gone through before it as an extra measure of insurance, and money and potential inconvenience. We taken Eurovan automatic apart with over miles that were fine as a preemptive measure, to find they were than 50% worn! The bottom is this: If a Eurovan automatic it past the first 100k or so without a failure, chances are it go the distance. Eurovans with 40 and 100k miles are in what we the “danger zone”. A transmission is almost always preceded by in the oil pan, which is clearly during an oil change. That is why we transmission oil changes every 15k until past the danger and then every 30k miles Even still, every we sell with mileage in the zone”, we strongly recommend to the they also purchase an warranty that specifically the transmission. These can be had for under and can be well worth it. You can expect to pay to $6,000 and have to wait a for a rebuilt transmission installed in a at a typical repair shop, in the of nowhere. Now the good news: stocks rebuilt transmissions for and can ship anywhere in the country, the same day!

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