The History of Volkswagen LT 35 — Volkswagen Constellation

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Volkswagen Constellation

The History Of Volkswagen LT 35

The Volkswagen LT was the panel van produced by Volkswagen consequently Volkswagen Commercial as of 1996) from 1975 to Two generations were produced.


As early as the Spring of Volkswagen had exerted a decisive on the market for light commercial in Germany and Europe, with the Volkswagen Type 2. The name (the name under the Type 2 was sold in Brazil) established itself as a concept to describe an entire commercial segment. Through the continuous of the Type 2, above all after the of the revised Volkswagen Type in 1968, additional demand was especially from commercial Increasingly heavier and larger-volume items required transportation compact commercial vehicles. saw the classic Type 2 reaching the of what was possible, in part by the rear mounted engine


The set of specifications for the new larger as an additional series, were clear in requiring as much space as possible in a small The planned tonnage classes; 2.8 tons gross vehicle upwards to 3.5 tons, called for a traction rear drive, and out a rear engine placement in with the original spacial As a result, the engine was located the front axle, between the and passenger seat.


The new VW van its launch in 1975 in Berlin. The given to Volkswagen’s large was as functional as the entire vehicle: it was called LT, which is simply the of Lasten-Transporter (‘cargo transporter’).


The LT came in three vehicle weights, from 2.8 to 3.5 (LT 28, LT 31, LT 35), with two wheelbases, two options, and with bodywork as a panel van, a compact, a vehicle and a chassis/cab combination.

The of utility space to footprint was short of sensational: Thanks to the construction and the overall width of meters, even the compact LT van (with the short wheelbase and over four and a half in length) offered a load of over three meters and a area of around 5.5 square

Even at that time, transporter developers placed value on secure and comfortable For that reason, the LT was equipped a front axle with front wheel suspension, at that time and in later was not standard in this class of Later options, such as the LT 40 to LT 55, had a rigid front axle for relating to load-carrying capacity; is remains common procedure on more modern light

Engine upgrades

In time, were presented by the choice of for the original LT, and Volkswagen’s own stocks only the familiar air-cooled engines for rear mounting. The of the new generation of engines for the Volkswagen which was launched at practically the time, were too small, as was the unit on the still youthful Volkswagen Passat sedan.

A petrol engine, at that still the standard engine for transporters, was identified at Audi, a company within the Volkswagen in 1976. The biggest engine the Audi 100, a four-cylinder with a cubic capacity of two (also used by the Porsche proved suitable and was adapted to the requirements of a utility vehicle. the developers cut back on performance, to 55 kW in favour of achieving high at low speed.

At the same time a diesel was developed at Perkins, a British The four-cylinder 2.7l engine, in the LT range from 1976 developed just 48 kW (65hp), did not run smoothly, and had an unpleasant sound to it. LTs with this engine are not favoured by LT enthusiasts, due to their characteristics.

Volkswagen reacted in 1979, the Perkins engine was with a diesel engine had proved successful on the Volkswagen — while adding two cylinders. The 1.6l four-cylinder became a 2.4l six-cylinder 55 kW (75hp). Unlike other engines in this performance the assembly stood out for its balanced behaviour and pleasing acoustics. The worked so convincingly that adopted it for the Volvo 200 series, and therefore able to offer the passenger car with a six-cylinder engine.

In Spring 1983, made a significant upgrade to the LT the second phase of the first following eight years of The desire for improved performance in the six-cylinder diesel engine’s as a turbo-diesel, providing 75 kW (102hp). saw the LT become the most powerful van in — and the same was true of its maximum of 195N·m. In addition, the six-cylinder was now also available as a 66 kW (90hp) engine. The engines, which now mounted with a clear alignment, allowed for a flatter compartment which was shifted to the rear, allowing more for a third seat in the cab.

In 1986, an overhauled turbo-diesel with charge air cooler and 70 kW was introduced.

Exterior upgrades

The decade of the LT saw no change in terms of its however 1986 saw a facelift the previously round headlights rectangular in shape, as well as minor cosmetic retouches. In 1993, there was again a change in the look, with new elements introduced to the radiator and in the rear lighting section.


The second phase of the generation LT in 1983 also a redesigned dashboard, and the undercarriage had an third wheelbase as an option for vehicles, at up to 4.6 meters in length.

Two later, Volkswagen again the gross vehicle weight, the 5.6 ton LT 55. Users were delighted by an on the LT 35 which could be supplied a single-tire rear axle — benefits in terms of through-loading between the wheelhouses, which now thinner. For extreme requirements, was an LT with all wheel drive could be enabled from the cab.


The last generation LT was produced in 1996, corresponds to a British ‘P’

Campervan versions

A touring in its various bodywork and fitting was also produced. When to the then-current Type 2 (which remains a stubborn favourite campervan enthusiasts), the possibility of set out crosswise due to the generous width of the LT apparent. Many campervan of the LT exist, due to their popularity amateur and professional campervan alike. A more official was produced, as with the Type 2 Westfalia California model was available at the time, a model as the Florida was available for the LT.

Truck cabs

In addition, the yet compact cab-over-engine design of the LT was suited for use on much larger vehicles. This meant it was used on the so-called G Series, the truck in a joint venture Volkswagen and MAN AG with gross weights of between six and ten tons. It was from 1979 until

A further career for the LT cab opened up in America. For many years, Brazilian plant at Resende has constructing trucks with of between 7 and 35 tons. Even the launch of the new Volkswagen Constellation in Volkswagen has continued to manufacture incorporating cabs clearly on the first generation of the LT. The LT has even a career for itself as a racing for the past two years, the VW Titan has in winning the European Cup in the Super Race. Its cab is similarly based on the generation of the LT’s cab.


The demand for the first LT is defined by the exceptionally long for which it was manufactured. After 21 and just under half a vehicles, shortly after the of the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles in 1995, came the second of the LT in 1996.

In 1996 Volkswagen Vehicles and Daimler’s Mercedes-Benz unit debuted the fruits of joint venture the second LT would share a body with the new Mercedes-Benz Sprinter, the engine and transmission would be sourced. This deal continue on in the Volkswagen Crafter, to the LT.


As with the new Volkswagen (Transporter T4), the second of the LT abandoned the one-box design in the construction which had characterized utility vehicles for over decades. With an engine longitudinally beneath a short and with rear-wheel drive, the LT now what had become the standard of construction for bigger transporters.

In it satisfied requirements which sought-after even today: direct-injection diesel engines, access to the driver cab behind the axle, and a wide space the driver and passenger seat.

Volkswagen Constellation

The range now went from 2.6 to 4.6 gross vehicle weight, and the options of the panel van and compact available in three wheelbase Platform vehicles, crewcabs and undercarriage options completed the A special articulated version of the generation LT, the XLT was available through order.


With a engine as well as three TDI Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles the call for economical and high-performance engines. The basis for this was the five-cylinder TDI which had already a positive reputation in the Volkswagen (Type 2 T4) within a very period of time.

For the first Volkswagen had profited from between the two major in-house series.

The performance range for the LT went from 61 kW (83hp) to 96 kW In January 2002, Volkswagen Vehicles again raised the a particularly powerful four-cylinder engine increased power to 116 kW (156hp) and the maximum torque to At that time, these once again record among vehicles in its class. to the most powerful engine on the generation LT, it represented an increase in and performance of over 50%.

The 2.8l engine’s specifications as follows:

2,789 cc 2.8l engine with 93 mm bore, 103 mm and three valves per cylinder

116 kW, 158 hp EEC @ 3,500 rpm, 331N·m @ 1,800 rpm

Diesel common fuel system

And the 2.5l:

cc 2.5l 5-cylinder engine 81 mm bore, 95.5 mm stroke, compression ratio and two valves per

Power: 80 kW, 109 hp EEC @ 3,500 rpm, (210ft·lbf) @ 1,900 rpm

Diesel injection fuel system



The second generation LT was for over nine years in with practically no external testimony to its build quality. By the end of in the 4th Quarter of 2006, around models had come off the production

Plans for the third generation of the transporter’ from Volkswagen Vehicles had already gone and later that year the Crafter was launched.

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Volkswagen Constellation
Volkswagen Constellation
Volkswagen Constellation
Volkswagen Constellation
Volkswagen Constellation


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