Chevrolet Astro Pschitt — Volkswagen Eurovan

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Chevrolet Astro

News Three taken to hospital vehicle collision — Sun Meanwhile, Alejandro Arredondo, 22, of was driving his silver 2002 Astro van south on 4th Avenue, said. Lopez turned in of Arredondo’s silver van, resulted in both vehicles in the intersection.. Kingsport man accused of vehicles with bad checks Kingsport Times News The were written for amounts from $1000 to $4200 — the written to purchase a Chevrolet Van, according to Sullivan Sheriff’s Office spokesman Keith Elton. The fraudulent were made between 16 and. East Ridge Man With Trying To Abduct 2 Girls — The Chattanoogan said the girls were home on E. 17th Street a red, early 1990s Astro van pulled next to The driver, an Hispanic male a beard, asked them if a was open. He then asked where they lived.. thrown from van, by two cars on I-43 — Journal Sentinel According to Sgt. Phil Wentzel, the was southbound on I-43 just of W. North Ave. about pm when she lost control of the Astro van she was driving. She hit a cement on the left side and was ejected the van.. Suspect Sought In County Attempted Burglary WJBF-TV He stated he pulled the surveillance from the night and was able to observe a light Chevrolet Astro van enter the lot at 12:59 am A white male the van and throws what appears to be a at the front door.. Gresham man in I-84 collision — Outlook Driving a 1997 Astro van, Tapu was a co-worker’s vehicle eastbound in the lane through a work The co-worker was behind an ODOT truck with a crash and illuminated arrow sign.. County collision injures 4 Grand Forks Herald W. White, 25, of Bemidji, was driving a Chevrolet Astro van east on 200 with four passengers: R. White, 22, Elise W. White, 4, E. White, infant, and Eldon W. 14, all of Bemidji. The van rear-ended a 1988 Vehicle plunges down — Mohave Valley Passers-by helped Lindsey, of out of the 1995 green Chevrolet Van, said Emily police department spokeswoman. was wearing a seatbelt at the time of the The van had been reported stolen at am Wednesday.. Police Calls Green Bay Press Gazette arrest: Two 36-year-old men were April 20 after deputies marijuana in their 1993 Astro van during a traffic at Roland Lane and Lenwood The men were initially stopped for excessive window tint.. man upgraded after US 35 accident Palladium-Item Daniel Kiracofe, of NW 17th St. was listed in critical after being extricated his 1992 Chevrolet Astro and by helicopter to the hospital in Dayton, His southbound minivan veered off the went through a fence

Chevrolet Astro

The Chevrolet was a rear-wheel drive minivan by Chevrolet in 1985 to rival (American) competitors the Dodge Voyager twins and the Japanese Van. Also sharing the platform was its sibling, the GMC Safari. In to standard passenger uses, the were also available as vans, and converters used as the basis for small conversion

Both Pontiac and GMC have the Safari nameplate (GMC is of the Pontiac/GMC division); Pontiac the nameplate on several of its station models from 1955 1989. The two Safaris, both and GMC, were on the market (often sold by the same from 1985 through

The Astro model name had used previously for the unrelated Astro 1 Concept car, shown at the New York Auto of 1967.


While the Astro was to as a minivan, it was sized between the Venture/Lumina APV unibody minivan and the Chevy Van/Express. Similar to the Aerostar, it utilized powertrain common to GM’s other trucks, yet unlike the trucks the was unibody in structure with a sub-frame to support the engine and suspension.

Due to the truck-based powertrain, the and Safari could pull lb (2,500 kg) with proper AWD models could tow up to 5,000 lb kg) when properly equipped. is opposed to front-wheel drive most of which are limited to a pound towing capacity.

advertising boasted that it was a that will make you that life is too big for a minivan, to the Chrysler minivans.

Engines ranged from 145 to 190 hp (108 to kW 4.3L V6 engine, depending on and/or model year.

The van up to 8 passengers.

In addition to being in North America, the Chevrolet was exported to Japan. where the van a cult following. In 2005, to the last year of Astro Chevrolet of Japan offered a edition run of the final production The Astro’s popularity in Japan even though it was only in left-hand drive.

Much the second-generation GM F-body 1970-1981 and vehicles, the GM M-van (Astro/Safari) had a subframe incorporating the front from a GM B-body station (Chevrolet Caprice, Cadillac with a leaf-spring rear The lower ball joints larger than their counterparts (similar to 1977-96 D platform vehicles e.g. limousines). These ball were later used in the Chevrolet Caprice 9C1 (police cars manufactured in 1995 and They also shared mechanical similarities to the GMT 325/330 S/T Pickup/Utilities.

As mentioned above, the and Safari were rear-wheel vehicles, but in 1990 a new all-wheel (AWD) system, designed and by FF Developments (FFD), was made The AWD models had a lower fuel 17 miles per gallon highway 20-21 for rear-drive vans. idler arm wear on the AWD front is a common problem.

Hundreds of of front torsion bar failure in the AWD were reported to the NHTSA. The bars failed without resulting in bottoming of the suspension. required replacement of both bar assemblies with upgraded at a cost of about $1000. No were reported.

In 1990, a new dash was introduced with the availability of an extended option, however actual is identical for all Astros. The 1990 year also introduced the braking system, a system the same accessory belt pump to supply the power and brakes.

In 1995, the model was lifted with an extended that resembled the then-new Express vans. Also for the shorter length body was In 1996, a redesigned dash a passenger side air-bag. The remained mostly unchanged canceled in 2005.

In 2003, GM the chassis of both the Astro and with certain suspension larger brakes, and six-lug, 16 wheels from the full-size and GMC half-ton pickup trucks. The improved the poor handling and of the vans.

Faced with sales across its vehicle General Motors began plants and discontinuing slow-selling lines. With new federal for side impact and head reductions coming, GM determined there was no use in expending money for a of a vehicle line that was no selling well. Thus, the and Astro were taken out of in May 14, 2005, and the long-serving Baltimore. assembly plant where were built was closed. It was the rear-wheel drive minivan was produced for 20 model years a longer run than its nearest the Ford Aerostar, which production in 1997, and the only rear-wheel drive minivan in the States and Canada since the Mazda MPV ceased production in It was also the only rear-wheel minivan in the United States and to spawn two generations, and also was the rear-wheel drive minivan in the States and Canada since the Eurovan ceased production in In total, the Baltimore plant approximately 3,700,000 Astro and vans.

In the Chevrolet line, the was replaced by the Chevrolet Uplander sport van, which replaced the Chevrolet Venture. the Astro, the Uplander is available in and passenger versions, although its drive unibody platform it less suitable for heavy-duty GMC has replaced the Safari with Acadia 7-passenger crossover SUV for

In testing performed by the National Traffic Safety Administration however, the Astro and Safari better, improving from a rating in 1990 to a three-star and four-star (passenger) rating by In side impacts, the Astro and both received the highest, rating in every year the test was administered.

In addition to popularity as conversion vans, the and Safari both have followings with back modifiers. Modifications are both and off-road. Some vans the original 4.3L Vortec V6 replaced with a small-block V8 such as the Chevrolet 350 engine. switch is simplified because the V6 is based on the GM small-block V8, and most of the drivetrain components can be reused.

of its truck based design. the also is popular with off road and camping enthusiasts. The of a powerful drivetrain, large and passenger space, all-wheel and optional locking differential for the axle facilitate off road The suspension can be lifted, allowing tires and clearance with small changes in exterior

The Chevrolet Astro has been as the Moonbeam in various Grand Auto games .

Chevrolet V6 engine

The Chevrolet 90° V6 family of began in 1978 with the 200 cid (3.3 L) V6 as the base engine for the all new Chevrolet Malibu. This family is still produced as the 4.3 L V6 engine used in Chevrolet and GMC and vans.

These engines a 90° vee block with 12 valves by a pushrod valvetrain. All engines cast iron blocks and heads. The engines are based on the Small-Block engine, and the V6 is formed by the of the #3 and #6 cylinders. The V6s share the same 4.4 spacing and 9.025 deck as the V8 engines. Many parts are between the 90° V6 and the small block V8 valvetrain components, bearings, assemblies, lubrication and cooling components, and external accessories. The V6 engine uses the same bellhousing pattern as the Chevrolet V8 engine. All the engines use a 1-6-5-4-3-2 order. The engines in this are longitudinal engines, and have been used in rear-wheel cars and trucks.

Introduced in the 200 cid replaced the larger 250 cid as the base for Chevrolet’s new downsized intermediate The 200 cid used a unique 3.5 bore and a stroke (the Chevrolet 305 cid and 350 cid V8 shared the same stroke These bore and stroke were later used by the 267 cid V8 engine. Also like the block V8 engines, the 200 cid V6 used main bearings and 2.10 rod diameters.

Being a 90-degree V6, took steps to eliminate the running tendencies of the 200. The has each of its connecting rod throws by 18 degrees for each pair of This required the connecting to have 0.050 narrower as well as a thrust bearing to be between each pair of However, the connecting rods still the same 5.7 in length as other small block V8 engines. This produced an that with a semi-even sequence of 132 degrees/108 degrees.

The 200 cid V6 was produced for 1978 and 1979. It was ever available with a carburetor. In 1978, the 200 cid used the 2GC carburetor and in 1979 it used a Dualjet carburetor. The smaller carburetor caused a slight in power.

The 229 cid engine was first for the 1980 model year and was until 1984. This replaced the 250 cid in fullsize Chevrolets and as the new base V6. Additionally, the intermediate Malibu and Monte Carlo used the 229 cid as a replacement for both the 200 cid V6, and the 231 cid V6. Both the 231 cid Buick V6 and the 229 cid Chevrolet V6 are 90 V6 engines, and both are often to as the 3.8L V6. These engines not be confused as being the same, and are unique engine designs.

The 229 cid has a 3.736 bore and a 3.48 identical to the Chevrolet 305 cid V8 engine. The 229 cid the same 2.45 main and 2.10 rod bearing diameters as the 200 cid V6 Also like the 200 cid V6, the 229 cid used the crankshaft with the 18 degree throws and the same 5.7 connecting with 0.050 narrowed It came equipped with intake valves and 1.50 valves. The 229 cid V6 was only equipped a 2-barrel carburetor. For 1980 the 229 cid a mechanical Dualjet. From — 1984 the electronic was used along with the CCC (Computer Command Control) The 229 cid was rated between 110 and 115 hp (86 kW).

The (262 cid) V6 is the last and successful engine in the Chevrolet V6 engine family. This was introduced in 1985 as a replacement for the 229 cid V6 in the Chevrolet and the Chevrolet El Camino. It replaced the 250 cid in the Chevrolet fullsize and fullsize vans as the new base six engine.

The 4.3L V6 has a 4.00 and a 3.48 stroke, identical to the 350 cid V8 engine. To create a true fire engine, Chevrolet a crankshaft with 30 degree between each rod pin. rod journals were increased to a 2.25. The connecting rods on the 4.3L are therefore unique to engine, being 5.7 in length, but the larger 2.25 journals. The also used larger than the 229 cid V6, with a 1.94 valve and a 1.50 exhaust

In 1986 and 1987, the 4.3L saw engine design upgrades to the Chevrolet small block V8. In the rear main crankshaft oil was changed from a two piece to a piece seal. Some model year vehicles have a 1986 engine due to replacement — cylinder were shipped with oil 1987 saw new center bolt covers and hydraulic roller

For the 1992 model year, the had its block design modified to a balance shaft to be installed. though the 4.3L is an even V6, the 90 degree block layout is not for smoothness. The balance shaft on the is installed above the top timing and runs through the top of the lifter It is gear driven off the timing and therefore a new timing chain was designed for these balanced V6s.

In 1985, the 4.3L was equipped with throttle-body injection, RPO LB4 or a Rochester Quadrajet carburetor, RPO LB1. The Chevrolet sedans and the Chevrolet El Camino the LB4 rated at 130 hp (97 kW). Pick-ups and used the LB1 version rated at 155 hp kW). The LB1 used in trucks and was referred to as Vortec in Chevrolet and this name continued to be with all truck and van 4.3L V6s present day.

In 1986, the engine used in the Chevrolet and El Camino saw an increase in power to 140 hp kW). This engine unchanged until 1990 it was last used in taxi and Chevrolet Caprices. In 1986 the Astro and GMC Safari vans the fuel injected LB4 instead of the In 1987, the Chevrolet full pick-ups and fullsize vans upgraded to use the LB4 throttle-body injection of the 4.3L. From 1987 LB4s output was 160 hp (120 kW) for while fullsize vans rated at 150 hp (110 kW). In the S-series trucks and S-Blazer and had the LB4 4.3L as an available option accessory drive was upgraded to a belt drive). The LB4 continued 1996 with minor in power, but without any major

For the 1990-1991 model years a ouotput 4.3L V6 was an available for the Chevrolet Astro and GMC Safari The LU2 used unique hypereutectic, pistons and a more aggressive Like the LB4, the LU2 used fuel injection, but was rated at 170 hp kW) and 260 ft·lbf (350 N·m) of This engine was replaced in with the L35.

1992 a new version of the 4.3L, the L35. version of the 4.3L was equipped CPI (Central Port Fuel This system had one centrally fuel injector distribute to six hoses each with a valve to each of the intake This system allowed for a injection, using one injector. The injection was a batch fire and used a two piece cast dual-plenum manifold. This was available in S-10 Blazers and and Astro and Safari vans The L35 was rated at 200 hp (150 kW) and 260 ft·lbf N·m) of torque.

Major changes to the 4.3L V6 for the 1996 year. Like other block Chevrolet V8s, the engine received redesigned which had improved airflow and efficiency. These heads are to as Vortec heads. Furthermore the was upgraded to receive sequential fuel injection. The fuel uses six centrally mounted firing into six nylon with poppet valves to each intake port. system was call SCPI Central Port Injection). 4.3L used a two piece with the upper half from a composite plastic and the half manufactured from aluminum.

This engine in two versions, the LF6 rated at 175 hp (130 kW) 180 hp (130 kW), and the L35 rated at 180 200 hp (150 kW). Only the pick-ups used the LF6, the fullsize trucks, vans and and Jimmy used the L35 version. The L35 was on the S-Series trucks.

2002 saw changes to the 4.3L fuel system. For 2002 California Chevrolet Astros, GMC Safaris, Silverados and GMC Sierras all came with the updated LU3 4.3L. saw the L35 discontinued and the LU3 replacing it in all other A new variation was also introduced in the LG3. For 2004 to 2009 the LU3 has the only 4.3L produced.

The change to the LU3 and LG3 was the fuel injection These engines used a fuel injection system, six Multec II fuel injectors at each intake port on the The composite upper intake and cast aluminum lower from the L35 engine is also on the LU3. The LG3 uses a cast upper intake and a cast lower intake.

The LU3 also received a quiet cam to reduce vibration at both and high engine speeds. camshaft used the same and duration as the older design, but the cam was to keep the valve lifters in contact with the cam lobes as the cam down.

The LG3 was used in Chevrolet and GMC pickups and was only produced for The LU3 was used in the Chevrolet and GMC fullsize and vans, the Chevrolet Astro and GMC vans and the Chevrolet S-10 and GMC S-15 Jimmy. The LG3 was rated at 180 hp kW) and 245 ft·lbf (332 N·m) of The LU3 was rated at 190-200 hp and 250-260 of torque.

In 1991 GMC introduced the GMC limited edition truck used a turbocharged 4.3L V6. engine used a Mitsubishi turbocharger, Garrett Water/Air and electronic multi-point fuel Although GM made these to the engine, it was still referred to the RPO LB4 code. The majority of the natuarally LB4’s long-block was shared the turbo version. However, the that used the 4.3L engine also included RPO ZR9. Internal engine included nodular iron bearing caps, graphite head gaskets with steel flanges and hypereutectic which lowered the engine to 8.35:1. A unique intake that used the 48 mm twin-bore body from the 5.7L TPI engine was used on the engine’s top

The Turbocharged 4.3L was last in the GMC Typhoon in the 1993 model The engine produced 280 hp (210 kW) @ rpm and 360 ft·lbf (490 N·m) of @ 3600 rpm.

Chevrolet Blazer

The Chevrolet Blazer model T-10) and the similar GMC Jimmy (4WD model were mid-size SUVs General Motors. Production alongside the larger K5 Blazer and in 1983 and lasted through In the United States retail after 2004 were to two-door Blazer models, all models being sold to until April 20, 2005. In the market, four door of the Blazer and Jimmy were until the 2004 model and until the 2005 model for the two door models of both.

The SUVs, so named because were based on the Chevrolet and GMC S-15 pickup trucks, produced in Pontiac, Michigan. New Jersey. Moraine, Ohio. Louisiana, and São Paulo, Brazil Brazilian version is based on the S-series; even though ceased in the U.S. new Blazers are produced in Brazil with own sheetmetal stampings). In North the Moraine plant produced 4-door vehicles, with 2 and 4 door models being at Linden, which was the main plant after the switch time after 1995) Pontiac, Michigan, which is now a truck plant.

Upon the of the S-10 pickup truck in to replace the Isuzu-based Chevrolet the S-10 Blazer was introduced for the model year, along the GMC S-15 Jimmy.

Styling were based on the first K5 Blazer and Jimmy (such as the C-pillars and lift glass the S-series Blazer and Jimmy did not removable hardtops like full-size counterparts. Notably, the smaller Blazer and Jimmy only offered in a two-door like their larger

Base power was provided by 2.0 L OHV four-cylinder engine, producing a 83 hp (62 kW). A 2.8 L, 110 hp (82 kW) V6 was offered as an option this engine was also in Jeep’s Cherokee until

Due to emissions laws, a 1.9 liter I4 engine built by Isuzu was as the base model engine in in place of the 2.0 liter engine, an Isuzu-sourced 2.2 liter diesel (also used in the S-series producing 58 hp (43 kW) was offered as an option.

The 2.0, and 2.2 liter diesel dropped after 1985, by the larger 2.5 liter engine. The V6 was with a throttle-body fuel system for 1986 in order to performance and fuel economy.

replaced the Cherokee’s 2.8 V6 with a more powerful 4.0 L, 173 hp (129 kW) I6 in To keep competitive the Blazer and received a new 4.3 L (262 cu in) V6 option in (also used with the vans), based on the ubiquitous Small-Block V8 engine, producing a 150 hp (110 kW). Power was increased to 160 hp (120 kW) in 1989.

In 1990, 4-door versions of the Blazer and Jimmy were the 4-door had a 6.5in longer (2-doors had a 100.5 in wheelbase six inches (152 mm) longer the Ford Bronco II) and a one-piece grille with a painted insert (1990 2-door Blazers and Jimmies had the 3-piece Early production models March and August 1990 initially available as a four-wheel only; 2WD versions commenced around Summer 1990. came just months of the introduction of the Ford Explorer, replaced the Bronco II; six-and-a-half after the segment-leading Cherokee with four doors. alloy wheels (similar to the used on the Chevrolet Astro/GMC were introduced, either charcoal gray or argent .

The upscale Oldsmobile Bravada the next year featuring an package called Smart-Trak. the first generation S-series and Jimmy were initially as 2-doors upon its original an episode of Motor Trend TV (c. stated that the thumbs up was for the of the new bodystyle, and the thumbs down was the 4-door bodystyle was based on the generation model, which was in the of a makeover.

1992 models similar to 1991s — the way to tell the difference is the rear glass (the rear does not have any trim to two black buttons serve as the glass strut mounting and front grille (chrome with argent silver The interior was a carryover from with the exception of the center and steering wheel (X-bar similar to the one used in the GMT400 Also, the S-15 name was from the Jimmy.

1993 had a few changes — the console was raised, and the 4L60E replaced the 4L60. The grille the S-10 pickup) was revised was a chrome-plated version of the base truck grille found on S-10 pickups), along the addition of optional 5-spoke rims (for the 2WD model basically a copy of the 3rd generation Z28 15 alloy rim).

Although the generation S-series debuted in the S-10 Blazer and Jimmy unchanged in 1994, based on the generation S-series (with the of a third brake light the high-mounted rear spoiler was

All 4-door S10 Blazers and Jimmies with anti-lock brakes as equipment; unlike the 2-door only two 4.3 L (262 cu in) engines optioned — the base TBI and the CPI in 1992 for the S-series and Chevrolet minivans; these engines had the logo on the intake plenum).

1/2 was the introduction of an all-new Blazer. time, it lost the S-10 and became its own model based on the generation S-10/Sonoma pickups a year earlier (the Blazer was rebadged as the Chevrolet Unlike before, the new Blazer was with a five speed transmission. Some models not equipped with all wheel The Blazer was Playboy magazine’s of the Year]] for 1995. These models were also in 2-door or 4-door. A Common found in the new blazers was with the gas While fuel pump was less common, the sensors more likely to be the ones to go.

In The interior received some changes. The makeover offered a new new seats, and new door handles. A grille similar to the Chevrolet C/K line’s stacked-headlight system the older single-headlight system, to the full size GMT400 In 1999, new folding mirrors the old folding mirrors. For the 2001 year, the truck received a new console. In 1999, Chevrolet a limited edition ‘TrailBlazer’ package that was available as an to the LS and LT trims. The package featured alloy rims and trim with several interior/exterior and upgrades. This package was until the introduction of the GMT360 for the 2002 model year.Upon of the 2002 Chevrolet TrailBlazer and the GMC production continued after successors came to the market, the Jimmy only being in Canada and in the 2005 model 4-door models sold to fleets. Another upscale was the 1998 GMC Envoy. It used the engines and had many of the same as the Bravada. The 1998 model featured an optional upgrade to Intensity Discharge headlamps, and other visual modifications. At the time, a Blazer Xtreme on the 2-door model) was added to the based on the S10 Xtreme. This lasted until 2004.

The was phased out in 2001 to make way for the GMC envoy models. However, of the Blazer and Jimmy continued April 20, 2005, in Linden, New despite slow sales, and the located there then A white Chevrolet Blazer the last of the series, and the last produced in New Jersey. Although ceased, the second generation style is still being in BrazilBrazil.

Minivan

A minivan, vehicle (abbreviated MPV), people-mover or multi-utility vehicle MUV) is a type of automobile in shape to a van that is designed for use. Minivans are taller a sedan, hatchback or a station and are designed for maximum interior

The term minivanwas coined in America, deriving from the that these vehicles considerably smaller and more than traditional North passenger vans, such as the E-Series.

Other terms are in other English-speaking countries. In and India. multi-purpose vehicle describes the general vehicle without reference to its size. are described with a word the acronym: a mini MPV is derived a supermini, a compact MPV is based on a family car and a large MPV has about the size as a large family In Asia, multi-utility vehicle has more or less the same as MPV. People-carrier and people describe both large and minibuses, but not smaller models.

are located higher than in cars with a higher giving passengers seat upright, posture and leaving room for the legs. Some find this seating uncomfortable and prefer lower while the disabled, the elderly or with little flexibility may from the lack of need to sit when entering the car.

minivans usually feature seat rows, with two or seats each: 2-3-2, or 2-3-3 (front to rear) are the common seating configurations. minivans tend to have two rows, with a traditional 2-3 There are some exceptions, the Honda FR-V, Fiat and Mercedes-Benz R-Class which are six (3-3 in the first two cases and in the latter).

Minivans may have either benches or individual that are designed to be relocated, folded partially (on-floor) or completely under-floor — allowing seating capacity and cargo

In contrast to vans, sport vehicles (SUV) and many SUVs, most current are front-wheel drive. The main is somewhat better traction rear-wheel drive vehicles slippery conditions like snow and ice. This also allows more area along the floor, due to the of the driveshaft hump. With seats removed, the cargo in large minivans can hold a ft sheet of drywall or plywood Four-wheel drive was also to minivans in North America the Toyota Van Wagon 4WD and the Volkswagen Syncro. Full-time all-wheel was introduced to North American in the 1990 Ford Aerostar the E-4WD option, and in 1991 the introduction of the Toyota Previa The Toyota Van 4WD remains the only offered for sale in the North market with selective

In the United States, in order to be by more lenient safety and regulations, minivans are classified as trucks. Unlike their counterparts, manual transmissions disappeared due to lack of demand; was the last year for a manual in the Ford Aerostar and Chrysler and GM had discontinued the manual transmission in the Astro and GMC Safari some before.

Door configuration for Minivans are variable. Access to the rear may be through one or two sliding or outswing side doors. Early featured one rear side door on the passenger’s side, to full-sized passenger vans in the 80’s. Many current feature rear doors on sides; swinging doors are the for European and Japanese minivans, most American models sliding doors. Some featuring power sliding

Minivans can be roughly classified in or four segments: large, mini and sometimes micro. of all segments are present in Europe, the and parts of Asia.

Large are those above 4600 mm in) long. Nearly every sold in the United States to this segment, so they are called minivans there. The European MPV also belonged to segment, and later similar were named likewise smaller models appeared; now models are called large Examples are the Dodge Caravan, Odyssey, Ford Galaxy and

Compact MPVs have a of between 4200 mm and 4600 mm in). Such models some popularity in the United in the late 1980s and early for example the Mitsubishi Expo and Axxess. In 1996, the Renault was released in Europe and its success mainstream automakers produce in large quantities, usually on small family car platforms and both two and three-row seats. As of the only compact minivans in the United States are the Mazda5 and Kia

Mini MPVs are under mm (160 in) long, and were in the early 2000s. These are based on supermini platforms and different styles depending on Japanese models are more while Europeans have the and windshield almost parallel. of mini MPVs are the Opel Renault Modus, Fiat Toyota bB and Nissan Cube.

city cars and kei cars the Hyundai Atos, Chevrolet Chery QQ and Suzuki Wagon R also been called MPVs or microvans because of increased height over hatchbacks. Others believe are too similar in design with small cars, so they be described as the same kind of

Early minivans models may be than modern models, but fit into the child subsegment; the Renault Espace introduced in would be classified nowadays as a MPV, but later generations in size and the Espace is now considered a MPV. Indeed, it is expected the next-generation Espace will be in size than the current

Apart from the visionary Scarab (1935), the most predecessors of minivans were vans. In 1950, the Volkswagen 2 adapted a bus-shaped body to the Volkswagen Beetle. It placed the above the front wheels, behind a flat nose, the engine mounted at the rear. The two side doors were to the driver’s side, with on the driver’s side, Fiat a similar vehicle based on the 600 with the same engine and layout. Japanese and American responded with compact since the 1960s. Usually on front-engined compact cars a FMR layout, the engine was mounted or under the front seat a flat, vertical nose. include the Ford Econoline, Van, Suzuki Carry, Hiace and Subaru Sambar. Volkswagen introduced a sliding door on their van in 1968, it had all the features that would come to define a minivan: length, three rows of seats, station wagon-style tailgate/liftgate, sliding side passenger car base.

As the American such as the Econoline evolved larger full-sized vans, the minivan came to use in North when Toyota and Chrysler their respective smaller products for the 1984 model It is interesting that this be seen as a Detroit response to the when the Baby-Boom children starting to have children. The Van and Dodge Caravan / Plymouth featured very different designs: the Dodge Caravan / Voyager had a FF layout and unibody while the Toyota Van Wagon a FMR layout and was built on a body-on-frame The Chevrolet Astro / GMC Safari and Aerostar / Mercury Vanster introduced for the 1985 model with FR layout.

A European design was conceived in the late by the Rootes Group in partnership the French automaker Matra was also affiliated with the former French subsidiary of the Corporation, sold in 1977 to the PSA The Matra design was originally to be sold as a Talbot and be a replacement for the Rancho. Early prototypes designed to use Simca parts and a like the Simca 1307. took their idea to who thought it too expensive and risky, so the was then presented to Renault, the Renault Espace introduced in The Renault had traditional hinged car on both sides. Chrysler had been developing a minivan on the Chrysler K platform, releasing the Dodge Caravan / Plymouth earlier than the Espace, in

Since no one disputes that the Espace is a minivan, despite its configuration, this raises the of whether the 1956 Fiat 600 was actually the first minivan. the Lloyd LT500/LT600, introduced in could be considered the first

Shortly after their the Chrysler minivans competed the truck-based front-engine, rear Chevrolet Astro, GMC Safari on a reworked 1st generation S-10 and Ford Aerostar (based on a 1st-generation Ranger platform). the transverse-mounted engine, front-wheel uni-body construction and one-box the Chrysler minivans offered fuel-economy, traction, size, and characteristics. Nissan and Mitsubishi introduced minivans to North but like the Toyota Van Wagon, had poor rear drive had a bouncy ride due to the short and one had to exit the vehicle to walk the front seats to the back

1989 brought Japan’s attempt at a North American-style with the Mazda MPV, a swing-out door with windows — and was the first Japanese with a front engine. It did not the utility, traction, or cargo of other minivans.

General Motors introduced the Lumina APV, Oldsmobile and Pontiac Trans Sport in These minivans were first front-wheel drive built on a reworked version of 1980’s A-platform — with plastic body panels, a nose, steeply raked and deep dashboards and.

same year, Toyota the Previa. The Toyota Previa had a engine located under the of the vehicle, mounted nearly on its side, rather than up and down like in its predecessor. allowed passengers to pass the front seats to the back exiting the vehicle.

Ford and introduced models in 1993 front-wheel drive, the Mercury and Nissan Quest respectively. minivans were competitive their car-based chassis and V6 Ford introduced a slightly front-wheel drive minivan on a reworked version of the 1980s platform) called the Windstar in

In 1995 Honda introduced the based on the Honda Accord, and outswing doors with middle windows, and a rear that folded away the floor.

In 2000, the Chrysler Country and Dodge Caravan as the best selling minivans in America. The second-best selling was the Honda Odyssey, and the third was the Sienna. According to Autodata, in Chrysler, Honda, and Toyota 72% of the United States minivan General Motors and Ford up 17%, Kia Sedona and Hyundai sales made up 5%, and the Nissan was 3%. By 2008, most North minivans had adopted the size and of the long-wheelbase Chrysler vans, Chrysler dropping their models as well. In 2008, the Kia Sedona and Chevrolet Uplander both short- and long-wheelbase In 2008, Volkswagen debuted the a rebadged variant of the Chrysler RT minivans.

During the 1980s, American minivans were and under-powered when compared sport utility vehicles, but had fuel-efficient four-cylinder engines. vehicles could also poor performance, as manual were rare in minivans, and had higher rates of problems larger engines. Some were notorious for having with their transaxles, as are substantially heavier than the their powertrains were designed for. With the in the 1990s towards heavier, models and light towing, V6 became more common; automakers dropped their engines from their The Chevrolet Astro, the last truck-based mid-size van, was for towing applications because of its and up to 4.3-liter V6, with some installing their own V8 engines.

from the Chrysler Minivans, the did not have any direct rival the 1980s. Other mainstream began to develop multi-purpose designed with European in mind. PSA Peugeot Citroën and the Group founded a joint-venture, and released in 1994 the eurovan the nameplates Citroën Evasion, 806, Fiat Ulysse and Zeta. The Ford and the Volkswagen JV Auto-Europa similarly co-developed on a common chassis and built in a shared-plant in Setúbal, Portugal. The Galaxy (platform code and Volkswagen Sharan, and later Alhambra, became available in and were almost identical in with only different ends, rear ends and While the VW/Ford model was large, with a length of mm, the Espace and the eurovan were 200 mm shorter and would be considered as compact MPVs. All of them available as seven-seaters and the seats be folded and removed. These would be later called MPVs.

The trend towards MPVs began in 1996 the launch of the Renault Scénic and Zafira. Compact MPVs cars with tall but based on the chassis and engines of a family car (in the case of the Scénic, the Mégane). The runaway success of the saw the car spawn a multitude of similar like the Opel Zafira, the Xsara Picasso, the Volkswagen the Ford Focus C-Max, and the Almera Tino. By the mid-2000s, all mainstream automakers in Europe had a MPV in their range.

Also in the automakers began to use MPV-style on supermini-based chassis. Examples of MPVs them are the Opel based on the Corsa, the Renault derived from the Clio, and the Idea, derived from the platform.

In 2000, the Auto-Europa (Galaxy, Sharan and Alhambra) heavily face-lifted. More Auto-Europa was dissolved when left VW and Seat to make its own sharing many parts the Ford S-MAX, another

European Minivans (MPVs) are powered by four-cylinder engines, a mix of petrol and diesel units, but petrol engines becoming rare as diesels have V6 engines are rare, due to the increased consumption of larger engines considered unacceptable with fuel prices.

In the ASEAN China and India, multi-utility tend to be smaller than American minivans and European Compact MUVs are more than models of other

They also differ in they need to cope uneven terrain as opposed to highways. Models from manufacturers are usually based on designs from Suzuki, and Toyota. Popular models Toyota Picnic, Toyota Mazda 8 and Honda StepWGN.

vary widely in configuration: some MUVs might be of European MPVs (such as the Ford Fusion) or American-style (like the Toyota Innova), in cases MUVs are similar to (such as the Chevrolet Tavera).

examples of MUVs are the Maruti Isuzu Panther, Toyota Hindustan Pushpak, Toyota and Toyota Innova.

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