Electric Car Comparison Test — Volkswagen Golf Plus V

21 Фев 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Electric Car Comparison Test — Volkswagen Golf Plus V отключены
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Electric Car Comparison Test

in 2006, filmmaker Chris pondered Who Killed the Electric Well, nearly seven later, the answer is moot electric cars are very alive. True, they are in their infancy, or whatever the stage of a resurrection is called. those who wish to abandon the combustion engine can not only now do it, but have choices.

This test is all about those They run the gamut of size, style and price. There are ranges, charging times and technologies. There are big-time and small-time startups. Given diverse group, we won’t be a winner. There were those that stood but this is about describing each EV brings to the table.

our usual menu of instrumented testing, we also conducted range and efficiency tests to see how far cars can go in the real world. details on how we tested, plus with lots of additional check out our story titled EVs in the Real World. ) And since you spend on any car doesn’t end at the purchase we also included a survey of the to operate an electric vehicle. most importantly, though, we to evaluate these EVs as cars of their power source. For it doesn’t matter if a car has batteries, dilithium crystals or whatever: If you want to drive it to work day or take the kids to grandma’s what’s the point?

BMW ActiveE: A EV

The BMW 1 Series Coupe is a special car in its own with rear-wheel drive, two-door dimensions, sharp and robust power. However, the 1 Series Coupe engine a heap of batteries and an electric attached to the rear axle, and suddenly becomes an understatement. And describes the BMW ActiveE an oddball in this group of oddballs.

The EPA the ActiveE has a useful range of 94 before recharging, and in our testing we that by another 20 miles or so. better than all but the Tesla and RAV4 EV. Afterward, it took 5 and 48 minutes to recharge its lithium-ion

So the BMW ActiveE proved its worth as an car. As a car, period, it the same virtues and detriments as the 1 Series. Its steering, brakes and driving dynamics feel sublime, while its cabin is only suited for two. its 0-60 acceleration time of 9 is well off the pace of its gas-powered but suitably for a BMW, this is an electric car for drivers. James Automotive Editor


Coda Not Quite There

Coda is a newcomer to the automobile business. The wanted to present a value for in the market for an electric vehicle. The is that its first offering is a good value nor a good EV.

The Sedan notably, it’s the sedan in the non-luxury EV class has a that’s similar to other in this test, but it came up in almost every metric. The EPA that the Coda has a range of 88 The good news is we were to beat that number by 27 in our real-world testing on our suburban loop. The bad news however, is it is one of the least efficient electric we tested. It is rated at 46 kWh per 100 miles. means that its cost per is higher than the other There’s more bad news. The interior is bland and low-quality, its distances are poor and it has received low (two of five stars) in crash testing by the National Traffic Safety Administration.

if you still want to purchase a make sure you get pre-approved for a or bring cash. At the time of writing, the automaker does not a captive finance arm to lease or its cars. Ronald Montoya, Advice Editor

Ford Electric: A Well-Rounded EV

The Ford Electric (it’s also the BEV, or battery electric is an electric version of Ford’s four-door hatchback. Apart the source of propulsion, it differs from its gas-consuming Focus in minor styling details taillights) and cargo capacity. considerably less of that, to the Focus Electric’s battery behind the rear seats. In areas, though, this EV is a lot a regular Focus, with nimble handling and many high-tech features.

In all of our testing parameters, the Ford BEV fared well against its rivals, the Nissan Leaf and the Fit EV. The Ford nips the Nissan in and braking, while it handily it in handling. On our mixed-driving loop, the traveled 99.8 miles and just 4 hours to recharge Both numbers are similar to the Fit and to the Leaf we tested.

Overall, the impressed us with its overall and fault-free EV powertrain. John Automotive Editor

Honda Fit EV: Quite Fit

The Honda Fit has earned a following, thanks to its space-efficient flexible seating and nimble Some of these qualities are in the move to the Fit EV. but it’s still an model overall.

The Fit EV does versatility for the freedom to motor on electrons alone. The battery under the passenger compartment spreads the Fit EV’s increased but its placement reshapes the floor, the rear seat higher and back, and eliminates the beloved Seat function and flat floor.

With 82 miles of range, the Fit EV eked out 101.2 in our testing and proved to be the most vehicle in our test in terms of consumption. Utilizing the onboard charger, we recharged the battery in 4 from a 240-volt outlet, like the Focus. The Fit EV is also quickest Fit, dashing zero to 60 mph in 8.2 seconds in Sport Even in the Normal setting, it zero to 60 in 9.4 seconds, faster a gasoline Fit with a manual It’s also one of the quietest EVs we more hushed than the VW and nearly as quiet as a Tesla S. Unfortunately, the Fit EV is only available on a lease with no purchase at the end of term. Dan Frio, Automotive

Mitsubishi i MiEV: Lightest, Least Range

The Mitsubishi i is a study in extremes. Compared to its kin, this little pod is the lightest and least expensive. Yet it comes with the shortest (a brief 62 miles) and the noisiest at highway speeds. And then the polarizing styling. You either like the tall, narrow quirky packaging or you don’t. One aspect for that funky lots of headroom for tall And it’s fairly comfortable, at in the front seat.

The i MiEV is also the slowest of the we surveyed, with a 0-60-mph several seconds pokier the next slowest car. It had one of the longer charging times at 7 Still, at about $30,000, a bargain-priced (for an EV) compact and it feels like it. The real Are you willing to pay a little more for a range and a much nicer EV in one of the Mitsu’s competitors? Bryn Senior Editor

2012 Leaf: The Pioneer

As the first mass-produced EV, Nissan’s Leaf has surpassed in several areas by of the newer models found in test. Despite that, the still holds its ground as an EV.

This midsize five-passenger can do duty as an everyday commuter or a second car. It takes a to none for roominess, comfort and of use. Where it falls is in performance. The EPA rates the 2012 at 73 miles of range it beats the Mitsubishi i MIEV. The Leaf’s 99 (MPGe) figure ranks of nine EVs tested. It’s fairly slow, with recharge times and pretty brakes as well.

Nissan yet released information about the American version of the 2013 But upgrades to the Japanese version at improved range of 80-100 with a corresponding increase in both due largely to improved braking. Nissan’s also to replace the slow 3.3kW, charger with a 6.6 kW model will halve recharging And look for a new base model a cheaper starting price. O’Dell, Senior Editor

Model S: Bringing the EV to the Luxury Set

The Model S represents the best of luxury and performance among our of otherwise mundane EVs. more than 16 feet the Model S is about the size of a Panamera and weighs more 4,700 pounds. Despite the Model S Signature Performance is quick, reaching 60 mph in a very 4.3 seconds. Range doesn’t either, with EPA estimates of 265 on a single charge a figure we in testing.

As one might expect, that comes courtesy of a rather battery. But the floor-mounted battery which varies in size on the model ordered takes up passenger space. And as a luxury there’s plenty to like as A very large central dominates the upscale interior There’s also sufficient for rear passengers and even the for rear-facing jump seats, total passenger capacity to

But all of this greatness doesn’t cheap. Our Tesla S Signature test model starts at ($87,400 after federal tax Nominal recharge times are long at public 240-volt stations since the battery in the S is much bigger than the but Tesla sells special equipment that will all 265 miles in as little as 5 hours if garage circuitry can dish out 100 Mark Takahashi, Automotive

Toyota RAV4 EV: Efficiency and

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Toyota produced an electric between 1997 and 2003, but the Toyota RAV4 EV is very By far the biggest change is the involvement of Motors, which lent its to this RAV4’s development.

The EV has an EPA range rating of 103 miles, and it surpassed that rating our testing. At the track it dashed zero to 60 in 7.7 seconds. Both are second only to Tesla’s own S wundercar.

The battery hangs the floor, so there’s minimal on the RAV4’s essential utility, retains 73 cubic feet of cargo capacity. This mass also improves but the detached feel of the electric steering and regenerative braking is of a buzzkill.

You’ll pay close to for one, but for that you get an unprecedented of range, quickness and cargo The Tesla Model S may be the supercar in group, but the RAV4 EV is a super car. Dan Edmunds, Director of Testing

Volkswagen E-Golf Prototype: Green

The Volkswagen E-Golf scream green upon its in late 2013/early 2014. It and drives much like any front-wheel-drive Golf; it just to be electric. The four-door hatchback a family-friendly five. In Edmunds a prototype E-Golf delivered miles of range; expect an 75-80 miles from the In our testing, its 0-60-mph time, at seconds, was competitive with in this test. Recharge were slower than however, taking about 6

Drivers can toggle through regenerative braking levels, Sail mode with no up to a setting that slows the car by lifting off the accelerator. On the downside, its gauge shows only increments, denying the driver effective range info mile counts). No MSRP but VW promises it will be competitively Carroll Lachnit, Features

The following cars were not in our testing this time but look for full write-ups they are available.

Chevrolet EV

True, the Chevrolet Spark EV is small, but it’s surprisingly It comes with four seats five and has a backseat accommodates adults in relative and as such, it’s a fairly choice, from the standpoint of

The Spark EV’s electric is rated at 130 horsepower and is supported by a lithium-ion battery. It will you about 7 hours to charge on a 240-volt line, however, is longer than the Fit EV or Focus EV. hasn’t yet released specifics the Spark EV’s range, to say that it will be among the in the segment. Look for more on the Spark EV in the coming months. Clarke, Automotive Content

2013 Fiat 500e

the 2013 Fiat 500e in California in spring 2013, the Cinquecento will stand out the emerging crowd with its Italian style, comparatively charge time and innovative Utilizing a Level-2 (240-volt) the 500e will fully its 24-kWh lithium-ion battery in less than 4 hours. 111 hp being sent to the front the 500e should accelerate to 60 mph in 9 seconds. Range is expected to be 80 miles with its estimated 108 combined rating.

Standard equipment is extensive, and the smartphone app (iPhone/Android) enables communication with the car, vehicle status, energy location of the car and nearby charging It will even plan and a route to the car’s standard system. Expect pricing to be meaning just under before rebates or incentives. Walton, Road Test

2013 Smart Fortwo Drive (ED)

Considerably than its nearest competitor, the 2013 Smart Fortwo ED is the most diminutive EV available. also one of the cheapest, starting at including shipping. With tax credits, that gets you the wheel of this electric car for under $20,000. A convertible the only drop-top EV on the market is available for an additional $3,000. that’s almost twice the of a gasoline-fueled Fortwo, a car we’ve for its agricultural levels of powertrain

Fortunately, the ED’s revised motor and single-speed transmission the driving experience, delivering (and quiet) acceleration. too, is improved by mounting the battery pack beneath the lowering the center of gravity. up to 74 hp available, the car has plenty of zip for around-town It’s no highway cruiser, its top speed is just 78 mph. is estimated to be 68 miles, and a recharge 6 hours with a 240-volt station. Mark Holthoff, Writer

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Golf 5 car compare
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Golf 5 car compare
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Golf 5 car compare

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