The Promis of Mossad — Volkswagen Citi Golf

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The Toronto Star is running a on Canadian investigation of spying by the US and on Canadian intelligence agencies the use of a powerful search and surveillance named Promis, which had a backdoor installed by Israeli This Promis allegation is by The Star to the 1999 book, Spies: The Secret History of the . by Gordon Thomas, Thomas Books, New York. ISBN Below are Promis excerpts Gideon’s Spies .

The Toronto series (thanks to J. Orlin ): August 25, 2000:

Spy computer probed. Rigged software to hack intelligence files

28, 2000:

‘Spy trap’ now tied to U.S. and Britain. pair may have links to plot (URLs may change current to back issues)

debugged spy software in ’94: But U.S. Israel drained for a decade before discovery

For on Michael Riconoscuito, the person The Star describes as the American whiz who has publicly claimed he prepare Inslaw’s Promis for sale to Canada in 1983 and

www.eff.org/pub/Legal/Cases/INSLAW/

Gideon’s Spies: The History of the Mossad

Chapter 10

pages 203-219]

In 1967, expert William Hamilton to the United States from where he had devised a network of listening posts to monitor the as its forces moved through the Hamilton was offered a job with the Security Agency. His first had been to create a computerized dictionary that proved to be a aid to translating Vietcong messages and prisoners.

It was an era when the revolution in communications- satellite technology and changing the face of intelligence faster and more secure and better imagery were online at increasing speed. grew smaller and faster; sophisticated sensors were to separate thousands of conversations; spectrum analysis lifted millions of dots only the that were of interest; made it possible to hear a a hundred yards away; lenses let one see in the black of night.

The sinews of a new society had contributed to intelligence: to amass and correlate on a scale far beyond human offered a powerful tool in for a pattern and a modus operandi in actions. Work had started on the Facial-Analysis Comparison and Elimi- System (FACES) that revolutionize the system of identifying a from photographs. Based on characteristics, each categorized on a 1 to 4 FACES could make 15 binary yes/no decisions in a . Interlinked computers did simultaneous to eventually make a staggering 40 binary decisions a second. themselves had begun to reduce in but retained a memory that the equivalent information of a five-hundred-page book.

Still working for the Hamilton saw an opening in this market; he would create a program to interface with banks in other computer Its application in in- telligence work mean that the owner of the would be able to interdict other systems without, users’ being aware. A man, Hamilton intended his client for the system would be the States government.

Just as had given the country an unassailable in space technology, so William was confident he would do the same for the intelligence community. Encouraged by the the inventor worked sixteen-hour seven days a week. and secretive, he was the quintessential researcher; the NSA was of them.

After three Hamilton was close to producing the surveillance tool — a that could track the of literally untold numbers of in any part of the world. President warning to terrorists, You can run, but you hide, was about to come

Hamilton resigned from the NSA and a small company called The company’s stated function was to check court actions and if there was common background to witnesses and their families, their attorneys — involved or becoming involved in an Hamilton called the system By 1981, he had developed it to the point he could copyright the software and Inslaw into a small, company. The future looked

The NSA protested that he had made use of the own research facilities to produce the Hamilton hotly rejected the but offered to lease Promis to the Department on a straightforward basis: time the program was used, would receive a fee. The deal itself was unremarkable; like any governinent department, had of contractors providing services. to Hamilton, Justice had sent a of Hamilton’s program to the NSA for evaluation.

The this was done would unclear. Hamilton had already to Justice that the Promis could do what he claimed: probe into the lives of in a way never before possible. For and its investigative arm, the FBI, offered a powerful tool to the Mafia’s money-laundering and other activities. Overnight it could revolutionize the DEA’s fight the Colombian drug barons. To the Promis could become a every bit as effective as a spy satellite. The seemed endless.

In the meantime, one of characters the world of international and dealing regularly produces had about Promis. Earl had been California’s secretary of during Reagan’s time as governor. Largely because spoke Farsi, Reagan had him to put together a Medicare plan for the government. It was one of those quixotic the future president of the United loved: a version of Medicare show Iran a positive of America and at the same time the United States’ image in the In a memorable phrase to Brian, the said, If Medicare works in it can work anywhere.

During his visits to Tehran, had come to the attention of Rafi who was then one of the helmsmen steering the deal ever closer to the He invited Brian to Israel. immediately struck up a rapport. was captivated by his host’s account of Eichmann; Rafi Eitan was fascinated by his guest’s description of life in the fast lane.

Eitan soon realized Brian could not widen his own of contacts in Iran and privately Reagan’s idea for a Medicare in Iran was just about the thing I had heard for a long Over the years the two men had stayed in Rafi Eitan had even time to send Brian a from Apollo, Pennsylvania, he was checking out the Numec plant. It the message, This is a good to be — from. Brian had Rafi Eitan informed Promis.

In 1990 Brian in Tel Aviv. He was more than from his long flight; the on his face came from that the Justice Department was a version of the Promis program to money-laundering and other criminal

Rafi Eitan’s instincts him that his old friend could not arrived at a more opportune Once more conflict had between Mossad and the other of the Israeli intelligence community. The was a new Arab uprising, the Intifada. could be an effective weapon to its activities.

The revolution had spread remarkable speed, stunning the and galvanizing the Palestinians in the West and Gaza Strip. The more the Israeli army arrested, beat, and uprooted from homes, the swifter the Intifada There was something close to understanding outside Israel a young Arab boy used a glider to evade Israel’s border defenses with and land in scrubland close to the northern town of Kiryat In a few minutes the youth … six armed Israeli soldiers and seven more before he was ….

The incident became in Palestinian minds; within the intelligence community there was finger-pointing. Shin Bet blamed both blamed Mossad for its to provide advance warning Lebanon. Worse followed. Six terrorists escaped from the … in Gaza. Mossad Shin Bet. That said the escape plot had organized from outside the — which made culpable.

Almost daily, soldiers and civilians were … in the streets of Jerusalem, Tel and Haifa. Desperate to regain Defense Minister Yitzhak announced he was implementing a policy of might and beatings, but it had little

Beset by deepening interservice the Israeli intelligence community was to agree on a coordinated policy to with mass Arab on a scale not seen since the War of An added thorn was the criticism the United States over the evidence on TV screens of the brutal deployed by Israeli soldiers. For the time U.S. networks, friendly to Israel, began to footage which, for sheer matched what had happened in Tiananmen Square. Two Israeli were filmed relentlessly a rock against the arm of a Palestinian an IDF patrol was caught on camera a pregnant Palestinian mother; in Hebron were shown IDF rifle butts smashed their bodies for throwing

The Intifada coalesced to form the National Leadership of the Uprising. Arab community was postered instructions in Arabic on how to stage close shops, boycott goods, refuse to recognize the administration. It was reminiscent of the resistance in the days of the German occupation of in World War II.

Desperate to reestablish preeminent role among the community, Nahum Admoni action. On February 14, 1988, a team was sent to the Cypriot of Limassol. They planted a … on the chassis of a Volkswagen It belonged to one of the leaders of the Intifada, Tamimi. With him were two PLO officers. They had met with officials who had handed over $1 to continue bankrolling the Intifada. All men were … in the massive that rocked the entire

The following day, Mossad again-planting a limpet mine on the of the Soi Phayne . a passenger ship the PLO had bought for an intended public exercise. With the world’s on board, the ship would sailed to Haifa as a poignant of the Palestinians’ right to return to homeland — and a more reminder of the Jewish boats, by the Exodus . which, forty before, had defied the British to bring the survivors of the Holocaust to also under their to return. The Soi Phayne was destroyed.

The operations had done nothing to Arab determination. At every guerrillas were able to the Israelis, whose only seemed to be violence and more The world watched as Israel not failed to stop the Intifada but lost the propaganda war. made the comparison that was a modern-day David-versus-Goliath conflict, the IDF cast in the role of the Philistine

Yasser Arafat used the as an opportunity to regain control his dispossessed people. Around the his voice cracked with on radio and television that was happening was the direct result of policy of stealing Arab He urged every Arab to in support. One day Arafat was in Kuwait Hamas, the … group by Iran, to provide its deadly The next he was in Lebanon, meeting the leaders of Islamic Jihad. was achieving what had, a short time before, impossible-uniting Arabs of all persuasions in a cause. To them all he was Mr. Palestine or

Mossad was constantly flummoxed by strategies as he flitted between capitals. It had little or no warning he would turn up, or whom he next rally to his side.

All and more Rafi Eitan to his houseguest, Earl Brian. In Brian described how Promis In his view, there was still to be done to bring the program up to Rafi Eitan realized Promis could then an impact on the Intifada. For a start, the could lock on to computers in the seventeen offices scattered the world to see where Arafat was and what he could be planning. Eitan put aside his foraging for metal and focused on how to exploit the new world Promis offered.

No for instance, would it be necessary to solely on human intelligence to the mind-set of a …. With it would be possible to know when and where he would Promis could track a every step.

To achieve a breakthrough would once undoubtedly make him a powerful in the Israeli intelligence community. But the inflicted on him by his former peers had deep. He had been turned out the cold with little than a modest pension. He was on in years; his first obligation was to his whom, through his work, he had forced to neglect for long Promis offered an opportunity to amends; handled properly, it make his fortune. However, for all his Rafi Eitan was no computer his skills in that area to little more than on his modem. But his years at LAKAM had him access to all the experts he would

When Earl Brian to the United States, Rafi put together a small team of LAKAM programmers. They the Promis disc and rearranged its components, then added elements of their own. was no way for anyone to be able to claim of what Promis had become. Eitan decided to keep the name because it was a good tool to explain what the was.

Intelligence operatives, in computer technology beyond which keys to tap, be able to access information and far more comprehensive than could ever carry in own heads. A Promis disc fit a laptop computer and choose a myriad of alternatives the one that most sense. It would the need for deductive reasoning there were too many but irrelevant matters to simultaneously into account for human alone to suffice. Promis be programmed to eliminate all superfluous of inquiry and amass and correlate at a speed and scale beyond capability.

But before it could be according to Ben-Menashe, Rafi needed to add one further element. claims he was summoned a played a part in inserting a trapdoor, a chip that, unknown to any would allow Rafi to know what information was sought.

Ben-Menashe knew who could create a trapdoor even the most sophisticated would be unable to detect. The man ran a computer research and development in Northern California. He and Ben-Menashe had schoolboy friends, and for five dollars he agreed to produce the It was, Ben-Menashe admitted, at the price. The next stage be to test the system.

Jordan was as the site, not only because it on Israel, but because it had become a for the leaders of the Intifada. From the kingdom, they directed the street mobs on the West and Gaza to launch further inside Israel. After an PLO terrorists would slip the border into Jordan, so often with the connivance of the army.

Consequently, long the Intifada, Jordan had become a ground for Mossad to develop its skills. In the 1970s, Mossad had tapped into the computer IBM had to the country’s military intelligence The information gained had supplemented provided by the deep-cover katsa Eitan had placed inside Hussein’s palace. Promis offer much more.

To it directly to Jordan was impossible normal business links both countries were some years away. Earl Brian’s company, made the deal. When the computer experts installed the in Amman’s military headquarters, discovered the Jordanians had a French-designed to track the movements of PLO leaders. was secretly wired into the system. In Tel Aviv, Rafi soon saw results as the trapdoor which PLO leaders the Jordanians tracking.

The next stage was to prepare the pitch for Promis. Yasser was selected as the ideal example. The PLO was renowned for being security-conscious; he changed his plans, never in the same bed two nights in succession, his mealtimes at the last moment.

Arafat moved, the details entered on a secure PLO computer. But could hack into its to discover what aliases and passports he was using. Promis obtain his phone bills and the numbers called. It would cross-check those with calls made from numbers. In that way, would have a picture of communications.

On a trip he would the local security authorities of his and steps would be taken to protection. Promis could the details by interdicting police Wherever he went, Yasser would be unable to hide Promis.

Rafi Eitan that neither Earl nor his company had the resources to market globally. That would someone with superb contacts, boundless energy, and negotiating skills. There was one man Rafi Eitan knew who had requirements: Robert Maxwell.

needed little convincing in his usual ebullient manner there was a deal to be profited said he had a computer company which to sell Promis. Computers Limited was based in Tel and was already playing a useful in Mossad’s activities. Maxwell had Mossad operatives, posing as employees, to use the company’s suboffices in and South America. Now Maxwell saw an not only to make a healthy from marketing Promis Degem, but to further establish his own to Mossad and ultimately Israel.

On visits to Israel he had begun to disturbing traits. Maxwell Admoni he should start psychics to read the minds of enemies. He began to suggest for elimination. He wanted to meet and inspect their training All these requests were but politely parried by the Mossad But within Mossad, questions to be asked about Maxwell. Was his only that of a megalomaniac about his weight? Or was it a precursor of else? Could the time come when, despite all he had for Israel, Robert Maxwell sufficiently mentally unstable and to create a problem?

But there was no Maxwell was a brilliant marketeer of — or, as far as Mossad was concerned, of the of the system. The service had been the to obtain the program and it had been a tool in its campaign against the Many of its leaders had left for safer hideouts in Europe several had been assassinated in by kidons.

A spectacular success when an Intifada commander who had to Rome called a Beirut that Mossad’s computers had listed as the home of a known maker. The Rome caller to meet the … maker in Mossad used Promis to all the travel offices in Rome and for the travel arrangements of both In Beirut, further checks the … had ordered the local companies to suspend supplies to his A further search by Promis of the PLO computers also showed the had switched flights at the last It did not save him. He was … by a car on the way to Beirut airport. Shortly in Rome, the Intifada commander was in a hit-and-run accident.

Meantime, was using Promis to read the intelligence of a number of services. In it uncovered the close ties the country’s security forces and traffickers and their outlets in the States. Names were on to the DEA and FBI by Mossad.

In South Africa, a in the Israeli embassy used to track the country’s banned organization and their contacts Middle Eastern groups. In Mossad specialists at the Israeli used Promis to penetrate the of other diplomatic missions and government departments. The same was in London and other European The system had continued to yield information for Mossad. By 1989, $500 million worth of programs had been sold to Australia, South Korea, and The figure would have even bigger but for the CIA marketing its own to intelligence agencies. In Britain, was used by MI5 in Northern Ireland to terrorists and the movements of political like Gerry Adams.

had also managed to sell the to the Polish intelligence service, the UB. In the Poles, according to Ben-Menashe, Mossad to steal a Russian The operation was a reminder of the theft of the version of the MiG from Iraq. A general in charge of the UB office in in return for $1 million paid a Citibank account in New York, had for the aircraft to be written off as no longer though the plane had only arrived from its Russian factory. The fighter was dismantled, in t crates marked Agricultural and flown to Tel Aviv. There the was reassembled and test-flown by the Israeli air enabling its pilots to counter the in service with Syria.

It was weeks before the theft was by Moscow during a routine of aircraft supplied to Warsaw countries. A strong protest was by Moscow to Israel — by the threat to stop the exodus of from the Soviet Union. The government, its air force having all the MiG’s secrets, apologized for the mistaken zeal of officers unofficially and promptly returned the By then the UB general had joined his fortune in the United States. had agreed to give him a new identity in for the USAF being allowed to its own inspection of the MiG.

Shortly Robert Maxwell flew to Officially he was there to interview Gorbachev. In reality he had come to Promis to the KGB. Through its trapdoor microchip, it gave unique access to Soviet intelligence, making Mossad one of the services on Russian intentions.

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Moscow Maxwell flew to Tel As usual he was received like a excused all airport formalities and by an official greeter from the Office.

Maxwell treated him the way he did all his insisting the official carry his and sit beside the driver. Maxwell demanded to know where his escort was, and when it was not available, he threatened to call the minister’s office to have the fired. At every traffic Maxwell harangued the hapless and he continued to do so all the way to his hotel suite. was Maxwell’s favorite prostitute. He her running; there were far pressing matters than his … needs.

In London Maxwell’s newspaper empire was in financial trouble. Soon, a substantial injection of capital, it have to cease operations. in the City of London, where he had always found funding, was a reluctance to go on providing it. Hard-nosed who had met Maxwell sensed that his bluster and bully-boy tactics was a man who was the financial acumen that in the had allowed them to forgive so In those days he had raged and at the slightest challenge. Bankers had their anger and caved in to his But they would no longer do so. In the of England and other financial in the City, the word was that was no longer a safe bet.

information was partially based on reports from Israel Maxwell was being pressed by his Israeli investors to repay the money that had helped him to the Mirror Group. The time on repayments had long gone and the from the Israelis had become insistent. Trying to fend off, Maxwell had promised a higher return on their if they waited. The Israelis not satisfied: they wanted money back now. was why Maxwell had come to Tel Aviv: he to cajole them into him another extension. The signs not good. During the flight, he had several angry phone from the investors, threatening to the matter before the City of regulatory body.

There was a matter for Maxwell to be concerned He had stolen some of the very profits from ORA that he had entrusted to hide in Soviet banks. He had used the money to try to up the Mirror Group. Maxwell had stolen all he could from the pension fund, and the ORA money not stretch very far.

unlike the Israeli investors, that theft was uncovered, he find himself confronting very hard men, them Rafi Eitan. knew enough about the Mossad operative to realize would not be a pleasant experience.

his hotel suite, Maxwell to strategize. His share of the profits Degem’s marketing of Promis not be able to stem the crisis. would profits from . the Israeli tabloid modeled on his Daily Mirror . But there was one the Tel Aviv-based Cytex Corporation he which manufactured high-tech equipment. If Cytex could be quickly, the money could go way to solving matters.

Maxwell Cytex’s senior executive, the son of Minister Yitzhak Shamir, to his The executive had bad news: a all quick was unlikely. Cytex, while its own, faced increasing This was not the time to take it to the To sell would also skilled people out of work at a when It unemployment was a serious in Israel.

The reaction provoked a outburst from Maxwell as his hope of rescue faded. he made an error in lambasting the minister’s son, who now told his that Maxwell was in serious trouble. The prime minister, of the tycoon’s links to Mossad, Nahum Admoni. He called a of senior staff to see how to deal what had become a problem.

it emerged that several were discussed. Mossad ask the prime minister to use his own considerable with the Israeli investors not to wait a while longer for money, but to mobilize their own and contacts to find money to out Maxwell. This was rejected on the that Maxwell had managed to Shamir with his cavalier Everyone knew that had a strong sense of self-preservation and now wish to distance himself Maxwell.

Another option was for Mossad to its highly placed sayanim in the of London and urge them to a rescue package for Mossad. At the time Mossad-friendly journalists in could be encouraged to write stories about the troubled

Again those suggestions discounted. Reports Admoni had from London suggested many of the sayanim would the end of Maxwell and that few journalists Mirror newspapers would of writing favorable stories a tycoon who had spent years the media.

The final option was for to break off all contact with There was a risk there: on the evidence of his present unpredictable of mind, could well use his to actually … Mossad. the access he had been given, could have the most consequences.

On that somber the meeting concluded that would see Maxwell and remind him of his to both Mossad and Israel. night the two men met over dinner in hotel suite. What between them would a secret. But hours later, Maxwell left Tel Aviv in his plane. It would be the last it would turn out, anyone in Israel would see him

Back in London, Maxwell, all the odds, seemed to be succeeding in on to his newspaper group. He was likened to an whirling dervish as he went one meeting to another seeking support. From time to he called Mossad to speak to always informing the director secretary that the little was on the line. The sobriquet had been on Maxwell after he had been What was said in those would remain unknown.

But a would later emerge the former katsa, Victor He believed Maxwell was insisting it was time; that the huge sum of he had stolen from the Mirror fund should now be returned to At the same time, Maxwell proposed that Mossad on his behalf, lobby for Mordechai to be freed and handed over to Maxwell would e( then fly the to London and personally interview him for the Mirror . The story would be act of atonement, written in a way that show Israel’s compassion. the chutzpah characteristic of so many of his Maxwell added it would be a circulation booster for the Mirror and unlock those doors closed to him in the City of London.

was not alone in believing that the plan finally decided that Robert Maxwell had a dangerous loose cannon.

On 30, 1991, further evidence of bizarre behavior came he telephoned Admoni. This there was no disguising the threat in words. His financial affairs had more taken a turn for the and he was being investigated in Parliament and the media, so long held at bay by his of high-priced lawyers and their of writs. Maxwell then that unless Mossad to immediately return all the stolen pension fund money, he not be sure if he would be able to secret Adnioni’s ineeting Vladimir Kryuchkov, the former of the KGB. Kryuchkov was now in a Moscow awaiting trial for his role in an coup to oust Mikhail St A key element of the plot had been a Kryuchkov had on Maxwell’s yacht in the shortly before the coup was

Mossad had promised that would use its influence with the States and key European countries to recognize the new regime in Moscow. In Kryuchkov would arrange for all Jews to be released and sent to The discussion had come to nothing. But it could seriously harm credibility with the existing regime and with the United

That was the moment, Victor would write, when a meeting of right wingers at headquarters resulted in a consensus to Maxwell. If Ostrovsky’s claim is — and it has never been denied by Israel — it was unthinkable that the group was without the highest sanction and even with the tacit of Israel’s prime minister, Shamir, the man who had once had his own share of Mossad’s enemies.

The matter for could only have more urgent with the of a book by the veteran American reporter Seymour M. Hersh, The Option: Israel, America and the . which dealt with emergence as a nuclear power. of the book had caught Mossad by surprise and copies were to Tel Aviv. Well researched, it nevertheless still have effectively dealt with by nothing; the painful lesson of the of confronting Ostrovsky’s publisher the publisher of this book) had absorbed. But there was one problem: had identified Maxwell’s links to Those ties mostly the Mirror Group’s handling of the story and the relationship between Davies, ORA, and Ari Ben-Menashe. Maxwell had taken refuge a battery of lawyers, issuing against Hersh and his London But, for the first time, he met his Hersh, a Pulitzer Prize refused to be cowed. In Parliament, pointed questions were about Maxwell’s links to Old suspicions surfaced. MPs demanded to under parliamentary privilege, how Maxwell knew about operations in Britain. For Victor the ground was starting to burn Maxwell’s feet.


Ostrovsky would claim the carefully prepared Mossad to kill Maxwell hinged on able to persuade him to keep a where Mossad could It had a striking similarity to the plot had led to the … of Mehdi Ben-Barka in On October 29, 1991, Maxwell a call from a katsa at the embassy in Madrid. Maxwell was to come to Spain the next and, according to Ostrovsky, his promised that things be worked out so there was no need to Maxwell was told to fly to Gibraltar and his yacht, the Lady Ghislaine . and the crew to set sail for the Canary and wait there for a message. Maxwell agreed to do as instructed.

On 30, four Israelis arrived in the port of Rabat. They they were tourists on a fishing vacation and hired an motor yacht. They set off the Canary Islands.

On October 31, Maxwell reached the port of Cruz on the island of Tenerife, he alone in the Hotel Mency. dinner a man briefly joined Who he was and what they spoke remain part of the mystery of the days of Robert Maxwell. afterward, Maxwell returned to his and ordered it back to sea. For the thirty-six hours, the Lady sailed between the islands, well clear of land, at various speeds. Maxwell had the captain he was deciding where to go The crew could not recall showing such indecision.

In it claimed was a world exclusive, How and why Robert Maxwell was …, Business Age magazine subsequently that a two-man hit team in a dinghy during the night a motor yacht that had the Lady Ghislaine . Boarding the they found Maxwell on the The men overpowered him before he could for help. Then, one assassin a bubble of air into Maxwell’s via his jugular vein. It took a few moments for Maxwell to ….

The concluded the body was dropped and the assassins returned to their It would be sixteen hours Maxwell was recovered — time for a needle prick to beyond detection as a result of immersion and the skin being by fish.

More certain, on the of November 4-5, Mossad’s with Maxwell were to rest in the cold swell of the The subsequent police investigation and the autopsy left unanswered Why were only two of the yacht’s crew awake? Normally shared the night watch. To did Maxwell send a number of fax during those hours? became of the copies? Why did the crew so long to establish Maxwell was not on Why did they delay raising the for a further seventy minutes? To day no convincing answers have

Three Spanish pathologists assigned to perform the autopsy. wanted the vital organs and to be sent to Madrid for further Before this could be the Maxwell family intervened, the body embalmed and flown to Israel for …. The Spanish unusually, did not object. Who or what had the family to suddenly act as it did?

On 10, 1991. Maxwell’s … place on the Mount of Olives in the resting place for the nation’s revered heroes. It had all the trappings of a occasion, attended by the country’s and opposition leaders. No fewer six serving and former heads of the intelligence community listened as Minister Shamir eulogized: He has more for Israel than can be said.

Those who stood the mourners included a man dressed in a black suit and shirt, only at the throat by his Roman Born into a Lebanese family, he was a wraithlike figure-barely feet tall and weighing over a hundred pounds. But Ibrahim was no ordinary priest. He for the Vatican’s Secretariat of State. His presence at the … was not so much to the earthly passing of Robert but to acknowledge the still-secret ties between the Holy See and Israel. It was a example of Meir Amit’s that intelligence cooperation no limits.

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