Volkswagen Golf and Golf GTI — Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors

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Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors

Volkswagen Golf and Golf GTI

F or nearly 30 years since it from WWII, Volkswagen had its hinged on one car: Beetle. the iconic car was hugely popular, knew over-relying on it could be Therefore it attempted to diversify its by adding 1500 (Type 3), 411 4) and K70, but all turned out to be less a success. When sales of started cooling in 1974, VW itself ran into loss! in the very same year it created a winner: Golf. car would eventually replace the as the most important model of It would be also the best car in Europe for most of the time in the decades… actually until

The Golf shared the same mm wheelbase with Beetle, but where similarity ended. to its predecessor, it employed a water-cooled engine, mounted it transversely at the and let it drove the front wheels. space-saving arrangement was not exactly In fact, it was pioneered by Mini as far in 1959 and had become popular Fiat 127 and Alfa Romeo adopted it a couple of years Volkswagen got the know-how of FF from its acquired subsidiary Audi-NSU. The camshaft engines were designed by Audi. However, the did have some innovations – it the use of MacPherson struts suspension up and torsion-beam suspension at the back, a so common on small cars The semi-independent rear axle sound to be a regress, but with tuning it actually delivered handling, weight and space over contemporary struts or arms alternatives. The Golf got some nice engines, so its was considered to be remarkable for small

The styling was responsible by Giorgetto It might lack the romance you expect from the Italian maestro, but its folding-paper shape a simple and no-nonsense philosophy would characterize all generations of until today. As on the aforementioned 127 and Alfasud, the Golf opted for a body to enhance luggage This also allowed a length of 3.7 meters to be achieved. It was more compact than yet offered more passenger and more luggage space the rear seat folded. 3 doors and 5 doors version available, while solid quality was standard on all cars.

had it not introduced the GTI version in 1976, the would not have been so or so important to history. The GTI was an evolution as as a revolution. Mechanically, it evolved the regular car. With a (1.6-liter) and tuned engine, gear ratios, stiffer lower ride height, wheels and front disc the family hatchback was converted a sporty one. Although the seemed minor, the result had a meaning. It was a new kind of cars, that offering the practicality of hatches but simultaneously the performance and of sports cars. It would be as hot hatches later on but many simply followed suit to use the GTI (Note: strictly speaking the ever hot hatch had to be the 1973 Ti, but the level of performance it offered was not as as the Golf GTI, thus it had influence to the hot hatch trend.)

The original Golf GTI was powered by a twin-carburetor SOHC engine 100 horsepower. It was soon upgraded to 110 hp the help of Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection. The engine not only outstanding power for its but also exceptional smoothness for an thanks to features like dampers. Combined with a body and a 5-speed gearbox, replaced the 4-speeder in 1981, it was to sprint from rest to 60 mph in 9 faster than many sports cars of its time! In the engine was bored and stroked to 1.8 giving a slight power of 2 hp and a fair bit more torque, 0-60 mph time to merely 8.3

Not just performance, the Golf GTI was for handling. Its stiff torsion suspension resulted in good resistance and quick response in Unlike many FF cars of the it resisted understeer very and offered the option of lift-off which added to its driving The ride was hard but not to unacceptable It also managed to provide a steering feel and weighting, not always easy on a front-driver. No the GTI was usually regarded by motoring as one of the favourite cars in the 1980s.

Mk2 GTI 16V

The second generation Golf bigger – wheelbase was stretched by 70 mm overall length grew to 4 This moved it away superminis like Renault R5, 205 and Fiat Uno and placed it into the popular C-segment. Further of build quality attracted more buyers from above, so it was seen as a classless The new in-house design kept the boxy profile and thick but lowered coefficient of drag to

The GTI version debuted in 1984. It using the 112 hp 1781 c.c. thus performance actually a slight step backward. mph now took 8.6 seconds to accomplish, the more slippery shape top speed to be raised slightly. performance was improved by fitting brakes at all corners. The fine balance and poise of the Mk1 was retained, refinement was improved by better damping and noise insulation.

In a DOHC 16-valve head just at the right time to off challenges from Japanese It lifted output to 139 hp and shortened mph to 8 seconds, although its peaky was not as welcomed. 1988 arrived the G60. It used a G-Ladder and intercooler to boost the 8-valve to 160 hp and 166 lbft of torque, which good on paper but contemporary testers found out a less energetic delivery in the real accompanied with lots of and thirst. Anyway, few G60s sold.

Golf Mk3 GTI 16V

The Mk3 grew matured, higher quality but rather dull to look. Its construction was enhanced for crash and this inevitably gained a lot of Fortunately, the GTI got a new 2.0-liter 16V engine 150 hp. That said, the laurels of hot would be shifted to Peugeot 306 and Renault Clio Williams as no longer focused on keen

Golf Mk3 VR6


Instead, its new direction was to go This was signaled by the new range VR6, which employed new narrow-angle 2.8-liter V6 with 174 hp. to its unusual compactness, it could be neatly into the engine Superior torque and smoothness it to rival BMW 3-Series, although it a choice of niches.

Golf Mk4 GTI

The Mk4 Golf continued the upmarket No matter the tight assembly or the superb quality of interior it had actually exceeded the level of and Mercedes. Meanwhile, it saved by sharing platform with A3, Seat Toledo and Skoda The car got larger, safer and heavier To offset the weight it fitted 150 hp 1.8-liter 20-valve turbo to the GTI. Other upmarket options included a 2.3-liter V5 and a 24-valve, VVT version of the VR6 with 204 hp.

Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors

Mk4 R32

In 2002, VW launched the sportiest of all, R32. Based on the its engine grew to 3.2 liters and 240 horsepower. The torsion-beam rear of the regular car was replaced with a new setup to make space for the all-wheel-drive system. Lower and suspensions, quicker ratio larger brakes and 18-inch complemented the enhanced performance. was a 150 mph super hot hatch with handling to match. 5000 were built during the days of Mk4.

Golf Mk5 GTI

In the attempt to lure keen drivers from Focus, the 6th generation Golf its traditional torsion-beam rear for a new multi-link setup. Besides, it adopted a more youthful design, all while without its lead in build quality and A 67 mm stretch of wheelbase and increases in about any dimensions brought a interior. Engines were with a range of direct (FSI) four-cylinders and turbo (TDI). A 170 hp 1.4-liter Twincharger combined supercharger and turbocharger in a compact package. Meanwhile, GTI to a vastly better engine, 2.0TFSI direct injection With 200 horsepower and 206 pound-foot of available from a very band, it finally got the performance it missed out in the last 2 generations. Now mph was possible in 6.5 seconds and top speed was 146 The new GTI combined good performance, practicality and driving fun – qualities made the Mk1 and Mk2 so successful. No wonder it popular again.

Golf Mk5 R32

The new R32 could be distinguished from GTI by a fascia and a centrally positioned No other Golfs until could be so elegant! Mechanically, it was a evolution from the previous The VR6 added 10 horsepower to the top end, but important a 6-speed DSG gearbox was whose seamless and quick enhanced both driving fun and Meanwhile, the new suspension of Mk5 returned a forgiving ride than the R32. An outstanding, if very hot hatch.

Golf Mk6 GTI

As Volkswagen changed its strategy, the Mk5 Golf had its lifespan cut and replaced with a mildly version. This means the Mk6 have been called instead. The chassis and key components more or less the same. centered on upgrading NVH suppression, quality and cabin quality. To emission, all naturally aspirated were replaced with TSI direct injection turbo

Golf Mk6 R

The GTI had its 2.0TFSI engine to deliver 11 more horsepower, it didn’t go or corner much from the old car. Bigger were found on the range The R32 was killed for the sake of emission. it was Golf R, which employed a 270 hp of the 2.0TFSI. Again it needed to handle the extra power. it lost the elegant style of R32 and the sound and smoothness of the outgoing

Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors
Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors
Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors
Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors
Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors

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