Volkswagen Golf GTI 5door (2004) — Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors

17 Фев 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Volkswagen Golf GTI 5door (2004) — Volkswagen Golf 5 Doors отключены
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VW Golf GTI 5-door

Twenty-eight ago, in June 1976, launched the Golf GTI, a car would become a legend and a new class of car: the hot hatch.

The Volkswagen Golf GTI was planned as a series of 5,000 cars. then — and four of GTI later — more 1.5 million have been worldwide. GTI has become more of a in its own right than a model of and over 97.9 per cent of in the UK know the GTI brand.

The fifth of VW Golf GTI has now been launched. have been taking orders for the car since autumn and interest in the hot hatch could not be Early media reaction to the car has highly positive, with the car almost every group in which it has been tested.

latest incarnation of the GTI is a true car, and as such, it recaptures the of the Seventies icon. Thanks to a 200 PS engine, driving dynamics are aimed squarely at the enthusiast, and a to set the pulse racing, customers can forward to a genuinely rewarding and fun — car.

Volkswagen’s of design, Murat Günak, it up when he says: ‘This GTI comes full circle it unites the origins and future of an idea.’

Nowhere in the world is the GTI important than the UK. As the car’s market, GTI is forecast to account for ten per cent of total UK Golf

2004 Volkswagen Golf GTI

The GTI is based on the standard Golf, its design and dimensions are very However its new nose design and suspension mean there are differences: height has been by 19 mm and length increased by 12 mm.

With the Golf, one of the chief targets for the was a substantial improvement in body Thanks to the extensive use of advanced techniques such as laser welding, this was achieved: torsional rigidity improved by 80 per establishing the Golf as new class

Improved safety and handling are among the benefits to the driver and Noise levels are reduced the body rigidity, and excellent and gearbox refinement lead to smooth and quiet progress for type of car.

Attention to is evident throughout the vehicle, many styling details and ideas passed on to the Golf Volkswagen’s luxury class Among these is the boot lid mechanism, which is incorporated the Volkswagen badge.

The new ‘module’ are also an innovation, aimed at reducing door skin costs. No longer must the door be replaced in the event it is damaged in an accident, instead the panel can easily be detached. is achieved by the use of load-bearing ‘hybrid which serve as the door panel. The outer skin is simply bolted into

Though similar to the standard interior, there are many that distinguish the GTI from the of the range, giving it a special of sportiness to suit its performance and

The GTI seats offer maximum with the best possible support and sporty looks. The seatbacks with integrated, but (and active) head accentuate the feel of sporting The front seats also lumbar support adjustment as

The new ‘Interlagos’ cloth upholstery has a design, which harks to the first GTI seat generation. leather upholstery is also as an option. The GTI logo stitched the front head restraints shows the attention to detail.

Steering wheel

Just the first Volkswagen Golf this latest generation has a three-spoke steering wheel. however, it is leather, with a leather section on the left- and grip areas. The bottom of the wheel has been straightened making it a little more than the standard Golf and shaped to allow a grip will give good The GTI logo features on the brushed vertical spoke of the steering As on all Golfs, the steering column is for rake and reach.

Gearknob and

Aluminium alloy is employed for the new GTI the trim inserts on the dashboard, console, door panels, cluster and instrument dials. The themselves have been designed and are exclusive to the GTI: the for example, goes up to 8,000 rpm and the has also been given a speed range.

Climate

The Volkswagen Golf GTI features electronic climate control air As a fully automatic two-zone the driver and front-seat passenger are to adjust their own climates and independently, with up to four Celsius difference between zone.

Temperatures within the two are maintained to an accuracy of half a with no readjustment normally whatever the outside conditions. The intelligent control system takes into account the of sunlight penetration into the and makes separate calculations to for it on both the driver and passenger

As an example of further attention to the system switches automatically to mode when reversing and the windscreen washer sprays are the fresh air supply is momentarily cut to odours — of exhaust and wash — from

Volkswagen enjoys a hard won for quality and knows that it make an even greater in design, materials, development, control and many other if it is to retain its lead. By designing the to make use of some major and components including nuts, washers and fixings used in Group products, Volkswagen is to purchase high quality and materials in bulk. By saving in these areas, Volkswagen has resource to spend on quality specific to the Golf that it from other models.

The Golf GTI features a 2.0-litre FSI petrol engine boosted by a and intercooler. The engine is mounted at the transversely and drives through a manual or DSG automatic gearbox next section for details).

The powerplant, which is based on the 150 PS currently used in the Golf GT delivers a maximum power of 200 PS at 5,100 rpm. The 2.0-litre in the Volkswagen Golf GTI has a high ratio of 11.5:1. Its broad band, 207 lbs ft (280 Nm) from right up to 5,000 rpm, it an ideal engine for a sports

This is the first time an FSI with a turbocharger has been in a Volkswagen brand product. combining the two means excellent no hint of turbo lag, driveability and high fuel

Volkswagen is committed to FSI technology for its engines, with more increasingly appearing across the ranges.

Fuel is injected in the piston’s compression phase, than during induction as is the and is placed in the tightly controlled of intake air moving towards the plug. Many of the principles in FSI were inspired by the advanced featured in Volkswagen’s TDI engines.

By fuel directly into the — as already seen in TDI diesel engines — efficiency is improved and, as a so is fuel economy.

The main aim during the development of the engine was increasing performance to meet GTI core values, keeping fuel consumption and down. Thanks to the FSI technology turbocharger, Continuous Inlet Adjustment, Plastic Variable Manifold as well as other engine features, a high of efficiency could be achieved. fuel consumption of 35.3 mpg is evidence that this works, while, like all engines, the 2.0-litre T-FSI EU4 emissions legislation.

Six-speed

The VW Golf GTI is offered with a six-speed manual gearbox a magnesium selector housing and operation with very lever movements. This is the same transmission used in the GT FSI, though gear have been optimised to the GTI’s sporting character. synchromesh for the lower gears a pleasant shift action, reduced-friction bearings increase the of the unit and cut fuel consumption.

DSG Direct Shift Gearbox

available with the Volkswagen GTI is a six-speed Direct Shift Available currently in the Golf and in combination with TDI engines, and here for the first time a petrol unit, DSG combines the of an automatic gearbox with the and economy of a manual unit.

The mounted DSG has two wet clutches (offering a thermal load tolerance dry clutches) with hydraulic regulation. One clutch controls the gears plus reverse, the other operates the ‘even’ Essentially it is two gearboxes in one.

this new clutch management the breaks in power that are of even an automatic-shift manual no longer occur. This is by an intelligent hydraulic and electronic gearbox control system, the two clutches and the two input and output in each half of the gearbox.

combination enables the next-higher ratio to remain engaged but on until it is actually selected. In words, if the car is being driven in gear, fourth is selected but not yet As soon as the ideal shift is reached, the clutch on the third-gear opens, the other clutch and fourth gear engages accurate electronic supervision.

the opening and closing actions of the two overlap, a smooth gearshift and the entire shift process is in less than four-hundredths of a In addition to its fully automatic mode, DSG has a Tiptronic function to manual gear selection.

All including the GTI, are set to run on variable times. The on-board computer the driver when the vehicle a service or, for example, an oil change. than having fixed intervals determined by mileage, a of engine sensors electronically the vehicle’s oil temperature, oil pressure, oil and brake pad wear to establish a service is needed. A dashboard informs the driver when a is due. Alternatively, customers can opt for a mile or one-year Extended schedule.

With the variable it can be possible to drive for up to 19,000 or 24 months on petrol models a major service. Customers can between Extended or Variable at PDI (pre-delivery inspection) and though it is to change from one to another the vehicle’s life, it can only be when a full inspection is due.

A new era for Volkswagen suspension was ushered in with the arrival of the the Golf was the second model in the to benefit from the development of a new four-link rear suspension

Ride and handling were improved over the standard predecessor, with attendant safety benefits, and the new rear configuration also enabled an through-load width in the luggage

The standard Golf’s front and rear multi-link chassis been made even dynamic for the GTI, to guarantee the of agile handling required for car. The suspension has been by 15 mm, while harder springs and have been chosen for axles. The stiffness of the rear bars has been increased by 20 per from 25 to 30 N/mm.

Electro-mechanical steering

Electro-mechanical power is another feature introduced the Golf (first seen in and designed to enhance the driving Unlike some electro-mechanical systems, it is able to vary the of the steering wheel to suit the and driving situation: firm and when driving hard, at parking speeds.

Other of the system include its mild action, its ability to compensate for driving hazards, like and steep road cambers, and a effect on fuel economy.

The system, like the suspension, has reprogrammed to suit the GTI and produces steering forces, giving the a more direct feel and feedback through the steering

The VW Golf GTI’s new chassis and configurations give the car its impressive and make it genuinely fun and rewarding to However, the sporty set-up not come at the expense of long-distance While the suspension is designed to be it is still able to absorb with ease.

The VW Golf GTI has designed to be extremely agile, but easy to control. Even the intervention of ESP (Electronic Stabilisation the GTI will stay on track if the for example, approaches a corner too pushing out slightly at the front too much understeer. On the other if the driver suddenly eases off in a the tail will not swing the driver will simply some mild oversteer, will slow the car and allow steering through the throttle.

system

Like all Golfs, the GTI a sophisticated braking system, standard ABS and ESP (Electronic Stabilisation However, like most of the running gear, the brakes also been adapted for the A 16 (as opposed to 10) servo has been while the brake discs also increased in size to 312 mm at the and 286 mm at the rear. All discs are ventilated and are by distinctive red brake calipers.

Stabilisation Programme — ESP

ESP is a system that automatically any tendency for the car to slide. Should situation occur, ESP reacts by the brakes to one, two, or all four wheels and adjusts the power. In this way, it is that a skid is corrected before the driver is aware one has started.

This can be useful if a to understeer or oversteer develops in a In such circumstances ESP can help the car skidding or spinning off the road and is helpful in wet or icy conditions.


The new-generation ESP developed for the Golf has a range of designed to have a direct and effect on active safety,

ABS — Anti-lock Braking

AEM — Adaptive Engagement — The car is continuously monitored, when travelling in a stable so that the system can take corrective action if instability

TCS — Traction Control

EBD — Electronic Brakeforce

EDL — Electronic Differential

ESBS — Extended Brake System

HBA — Brake Assist

The GTI’s ESP has also been adapted so it not reduce driver enjoyment by too early and intensively, or too late and

Hydraulic Brake Assist HBA

Working in conjunction with the elements of the braking system, latest form of HBA recognises the speed at which the brake is depressed whether it is a ‘normal’ situation or an emergency stop. In the of an emergency stop, HBA automatically braking pressure, activating ABS and the level of braking meets the of the conditions. The application of brake makes it possible even for drivers to reduce braking by around 25 per cent.

The high of body rigidity brought by the advanced construction techniques in the Golf make it safe, to the strength inherent in the body. Key to is the employment of laser seam there is a total length of 70 of laser-welded seamwork in the Golf, with five metres in the generation Golf (which was renowned for strength and rigidity).

collision

In the event of a high-speed accident, an extremely strong cross-member ensures that is efficiently absorbed even on the of the car furthest from the impact. The members have been to meet this requirement by of ‘Tailored Blank’ technology: a amount of energy is absorbed in the section of the car and only then the rear side member buckle, thus reducing intrusion.

Further protection of the is achieved by the use of a cross-member to distribute forces to the sill, the underfloor and a stiffened transmission tunnel. or Crash-Optimised Foot controls, forwards in a crash to reduce the of foot injury.

The previous already high levels of protection against side were enhanced in the current thanks to the greater use of high-strength panels and a three-layer B-pillar Impact loads are spread uniformly as a result, preventing overloading. High-strength side are employed in the doors.

Rear-end

Safety standard requirements due to into force in 2005 taken into consideration in the of the Golf’s rear protection These new regulations require when the rear hits a barrier at 50 mph, the fuel system must develop no Thus the tank filler and associated pipework is located of the rear wheel, outside the zone.

A high-strength bumper ensures that impact are distributed as evenly as possible to sides of the car.

Golf 6. R. black

For active measures, please see Braking

Passenger safety

The Golf has always been synonymous safety, and the well being of all is paramount. Despite the GTI being for fun and dynamism, safety has in no way been All models feature:

twin airbags

passenger airbag can be deactivated using the ignition key so a child seat can be safely in the front

driver and front side airbags

curtain system for front and rear

crash-active front head to protect against whiplash

three rear head and three rear three-point belts

Isofix child preparation for the two outer rear

Seat belt system

In the of an accident, a central control electrically triggers the Golf’s tensioners. Belt tensioning the best performance, with being absorbed over a period of time with moderate deceleration values. front and rear seat systems are fitted with limiters which prevent pressure being applied to the in the event of an accident; while inertia-reel seat belts excellent passenger comfort.

Front airbags

The front system of the Golf consists of a airbag with a volume of 60 and a front passenger’s airbag of 120 A further feature is the steering which has a highly engineered for longitudinal and vertical adjustment. clamp helps prevent the wheel from moving in the event of a crash. The underside of the column is also covered an energy-absorbing trim to reduce and thigh forces, while a footwell with forward-retracting and clutch pedals reduce on the feet.

The side airbags on the are integrated in the front seat They protect the chest, and pelvis and suit the car’s side structure, while an sensor concept means faster triggering times. the side airbags in the backrests optimum positioning of the driver and passenger with respect to the

Curtain airbag system

The has especially large curtain which cover the side areas from the A- to the C-pillar and the headlining down to over the The result of this feature is maximum protection is afforded to all seat positions regardless of body size. The fact these airbags cover a large area prevents the from swinging out, from being thrown out and from penetrating the interior in the event of the car rolling over.

An child seat has been for very small passengers in the with a target age group eight months and four (or 9 to 18 kgs). It fits into the fixtures, which are standard in the two rear seats. This of fixture ensures that the is secured in place to optimum

Euro NCAP test

The Golf scored a maximum of stars for occupant protection in the and side impact tests, stars for child protection as as three stars for the protection of in the Euro NCAP (European New Car Programme) tests. These make it one of the safest cars on the In fact, no other passenger car by Euro NCAP achieved combination of good results for the in these three fields at

These scores also to the GTI model, giving drivers and the confidence that they are one of the most fun, yet safest on the road.

Factory fit options

A of factory- and retailer-fit options are on the Volkswagen Golf GTI, buyers further to customise vehicles. These include upholstery, 18 ‘Monza II’ wheels, satellite navigation, a pack (comprising heated seats and windscreen washer electric sunroof, gas-discharge headlights and rear parking

Gas-discharge headlights (Xenon)

gas-discharge (Xenon) headlights a well focused, blue-white approximately two and a half times powerful than standard This option includes a mechanism and high-pressure headlight

Parking sensors

Also is a parking distance control which simplifies tight manoeuvres. The system uses ultrasonic sensors, integrated in the bumper to pinpoint parked or other objects behind the Automatically activated when gear is selected, the system an audible warning signal to the driver up to a safe distance to any behind. Not only does help to avoid car park it could also prevent for example, if a child runs out who may not been seen.

Multi-function steering wheel cruise control and paddle

Available very shortly launch as an option is a multi-function wheel. This features wheel-mounted controls for the CD/radio so that drivers are able to the volume, track, station without removing their from the wheel. For a slight this is also available cruise control, which is via the indicator stalk. On GTI DSG models, one steering wheel option which includes not only the controls and cruise control, but paddle shift levers for greater control of the DSG transmission.

navigation system

The Volkswagen GTI is offered with the option of a satellite navigation system. The colour LCD screen, which is in the centre console, is supplemented a simplified display in the instrument and verbal instructions.

The driver or can use the screen to pinpoint where the car is on a map display. A traffic jam avoidance will be able to calculate routes and the radio can memorise the traffic information bulletin when switched off.

ABS wheel sensors are used to the distance the car has covered and to provide when the car is turning. Further components include a solid magnetic compass concealed the roof and a three-way roof for radio and GPS (Global Positioning The aerial receives signals the satellites in orbit around the from which the system is to calculate the position of the car on the surface of the

A digitised road map, on CD-ROM in the car, is accessed. contains road details and information such as the locations of and stations.

It is effectively a digital plan of Great Britain. The destination is selected using the on the centre console. The system satellite signals and those the wheel sensors and compares data with the digitised road map. Quite by comparing the movement of the car with the map and its position from the satellites, the can calculate the position of the car. The street or motorway the car is on is then and the route to the chosen destination

The system employed in the Golf allows for a choice of different of route — for example, motorways or cross-country drive. the driver deviate from an route, the voice will request that he or she make a U-turn. If the driver does not the system will automatically a new route and continue to issue to reach the destination.

In-car

The Golf is sold with stereo equipment. This neatly within the dashboard and is designed for ease and safety of and maximum security. A dash-mounted CD is standard; it can be upgraded to an armrest-mounted CD autochanger for a small premium.

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