Volkswagen Golf GTI Mk1 the full story evo features — Volkswagen Golf Mk1

28 Мар 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Volkswagen Golf GTI Mk1 the full story evo features — Volkswagen Golf Mk1 отключены
Volkswagen Golf Mk1

Birth of an icon: Volkswagen GTI Mk1

The birth of the ‘hot hatch’ was by the arrival of the Mk1 VW Golf GTI and spawned copy-cats for years to come


Ask any performance car enthusiast 35 what their first car was and there’s a good chance will respond with the of a hot hatch of some kind. But answer would be very if they’d had to buy their first set of wheels in the early ’70s, the hot hatch had yet to be invented.

The hatchback itself was a rarity then. There was the Renault 4 and 16, and the Maxi, but it was the arrival of Volkswagen’s in 1974 that started the Designed to replace the Beetle, had been around for over 35 the Golf couldn’t have more different to its predecessor. It was (1093cc and 1471cc in-line units were the options, 50 and 75bhp respectively), front-wheel and sported ‘folded paper’ that were the work of Giugiaro, who had been tasked styling a range of new models for VW would also include the Scirocco and Passat.

But the Golf was meant to be a performance car. It was to be a small, fuel-efficient model the kind of thing people be looking for in the aftermath of an oil crisis. VW engineer Alfons Löwenberg saw the and gathered together a small of like-minded colleagues at Wolfsburg to work in their spare  on what they would the Sport Golf.

Volkswagen Golf Mk1

Their first prototype was in based on a Scirocco, not a Golf two cars shared the same but with a 100bhp version of the 80 GT’s 1588cc engine, a silenced exhaust and race-car-firm It certainly showed what the was capable of, but the team decided it was too extreme to present to management as a production model, so when the was eventually demonstrated to VW’s top at the company’s Ehra-Lessien test it was in a far more civilised state of It was still like nothing on the road, though, and the bosses it.

‘The fastest Volkswagen made its public debut at the Frankfurt motor show. the details that marked it out the basic Golfs were a spoiler (the only add-on, required to increase downforce at high speed), side stripes, black wheelarch extensions and a red pinstripe the grille. Inside there sports seats with upholstery, black headlining and a that resembled a golf even though the Golf was not after the sport but, as many other VWs, a in this case the Golfstrom or Stream.

The car also wore new badges the initials GTI, ‘GT’ for gran turismo, ‘I’ for (or, continuing the Italian, referring to the adoption of Bosch fuel injection in place of the originally fitted to the Audi Along with further that included larger valves and a higher compression this enabled the 1.6-litre to produce 108bhp at 6100rpm and ft at 5000rpm. With a kerb of just 810kg, the GTI could get to in 9 seconds. Top speed was 110mph.

Available only as a three-door, the GTI went on sale in Germany in 1976. A handful of special-order cars started to come to the UK the year, but it wasn’t until 1979 that the first GTIs arrived. Combining convenience and affordability, they an instant hit. By the end of the year than 1500 had been and as the hot Golf’s popularity continued to a host of imitators soon from rivals such as Peugeot, Renault and Vauxhall. But the VW remain the benchmark against all hot hatches would be measured for to come. As the car that invented the that seems only

Volkswagen Golf Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk1

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