181 — Volkswagen 166

16 Апр 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи 181 — Volkswagen 166 отключены
Volkswagen 166


Click for a Thing GIF (57K)

So you can tell one from another.

The Volkswagen 181, variously known as the Thing, the and the Safari, is a vehicle developed for the market in the 1960’s from the 82 Kubelwagen used by Germany WWII as a light field vehicle. The Type 82 was derived the KDFwagen chassis platform, a produced people’s car for German designed by Ferdinand Porsche of the Porsche marque) at the request of Hitler. As part of the increase of military power in the 1930’s, a adaption of the KDF platform was suggested in But it was not until January 1938 the German military presented with the specifications for what was to known as the Type 62. Porsche on the Trutz company of Gotha to a special light weight to be used on the KDFwagen platform, and two were produced in February of One of the prototype body styles a rounded body and fenders, the other had a more angular Both mounted the spare in a recess in the vehicle’s front (bonnet). Both prototypes rejected by the German military, which requested a more body style. The resulting even boxier and more received acceptance and field was begun.

Click here for a 50K GIF of a 62.

Field tests of the Type 62 in a request for better off road and Porsche responded by fitting gear reduction units to the rear wheel hubs, and by the front hubs. These lowered the final gear and increased the ground clearance of the 62 by two additional inches, producing the off-road performance improvements. with a cam-type limited differential and hydraulic steering the Type 62 demonstrated off-road equal to, and in some cases than four wheel alternatives. The Type 62 utilized a 24 hp VW engine and a four speed, transmission. The first Type were delivered to the Army in 1939 and given the official Type 82. A convertible canvas top was but heaters were not fitted later in 1940. By the end of 1940, one thousand Type 82’s had produced. The early Type 82 panel was small, and included a speedometer, but was increased in size in Other changes to the basic included a larger 1131cc of 25 hp which was introduced in March of

Click here for a 45L GIF of a standard

A two wheel drive Africa Type 82 was captured by the Allies in the North African campaign, and in was shipped to the Aberdeen Proving in Maryland for testing and evaluation. proved that although the two drive Type 82 could not equal the American GP Jeep in conditions, it’s cross capability was none-the-less remarkable, and it several advantages over the including: several hundred less weight; less used in its production; nearly the fuel mileage; very to operate and maintain; very sufficiently room for four and more agile than the Official judgements on the cross capabilities of four wheel Type 82’s with standard cam-type locking both front and rear either nonexistent, or have lost in antiquity. However, the nearly equal performance of the two drive Type 82’s to the Jeep (with locking neither front nor rear), it is not that the four wheel Type 82 could outperform the under nearly all conditions. below for standard Jeep and history.)

As Germany had pressed captured vehicles into during its initial territorial so too did the Allies attempt to use captured vehicles to their own benefit. To end the War Department issued a series of Technical manuals prefixed by the designation E (for Enemy) the operation and maintenance of captured vehicles and equipment. After tested, the captured Africa Type 82 was disassembled, and a manual—TM issued that included a description; operating instructions; a section; first and second maintenance instructions; shipping and a list of standard American which could be used the Type 82. The Type 82 is mechanically similar to Volkswagens produced the war, and TM E9-803’s repair and sections could easily be for those of the earlyVolkswagens.

TM E9-803 lists the following and capabilities for the Type 82:

Weight 1598 pounds

Weight 2557 pounds

Net Load: 992

Ground Clearance: 11.4


Length: 147

Width: 63

(top up): 63

Height and windshield down): 44

Wheel front: 53.4; rear:

Tire Size: 5.25 16

Wheels: pressed, disc

brakes: cable operated, on all four wheels

Parking cable operated, mechanical, on all wheels

Ground clearance:

Fording depth (without engine): 17.7

Fuel 30 liters; 7.925 gallons

consumption: 30 mpg (approx)

Theoretical 238 miles

Maximum speed on 49.7 mph

Minimum speed: 1.8 mph

capability on the road: 45 pct.

ability in loose sand: 40

The interior of the Type 82 was spartan. The front seats were from tube steel, to the floor, and topped with cushions which were for access to stowage areas The front seat brackets wooden floor covering The rear seat cushions set into the bodywork, and the upright cushions tilted forward for to a storage area.

The instrument of the tested Type 82 featured a mounted faceplate containing from the 12 o’clock position): a the left directional signal light; high beam ignition key; dashboard switch; oil pressure warning and ammeter warning light. the was mounted to an instrument panel contained two fuse boxes, one on side of the faceplate; a starter push button; a trouble socket; the right directional light; and a multiple with an Off a position to energize the blackout and tail light, and a position to the headlamps. The foot operated beam switch was located on the just ahead of the foot cluster, and the engine choke and brake were located on the tunnel. Two self contained, windshield wiperswere set into the frame and connected to the main harness.

The Type 82 became popularly as the Kubelwagen (64K GIF) , . or simply Kubel . names derived from Kubelsitzwagen, or seat car, even many German military were equipped with seats. The Kubelwagen’s aircooled enabled it to operate effectively in the the heat of the Saharan Desert and the of Eastern Europe, and the vehicle to be agile and tough. The Kubelwagen was in four basic configurations: seated car; a four survey vehicle; an ambulance, two seats in tandem on the left of the vehicle, and a litter on the right and a three seated radio Total production of the basic amounted to about 55,000

One variant of the Kubelwagen, the Type 166 Schwimmwagen, was produced in large A production run of 150 Porsche prototypes was under the designation Type 128 for trials in 1940, but this was not chosen for production. The Schwimmwagen the KDFwagen platform fitted four wheel drive and a body with full fenders. Propulsion in water was by a three bladed propeller to the engine and mounted on a hinged Schwimmer maximum speeds 6 knots in water and 50 mph on land. 14,265 Schwimmwagens were between 1942 and 1944.

Click here for a 45K GIF of a Schwimmwagen.

other variants of the Kubelwagen produced as prototypes, including a version, a version designed to run on tracks, and a version with a 29 wheelbase, but none of these produced in any numbers. Field were common, such as armor plating to protect from small arms

An updated, civilian version of the with new bodywork was renamed the 181 and introduced in the U.S. in the late as the Thing. Changes included a modern and complete dash; 40 hp synchromesh transmission; spare lodged under a raised hood; squared fenders; doors; new door latches; the front door by its forward (as opposed to the original Kubel’s … hinge configuration); mounted in, rather than on the fenders; the addition of bumpers; and an hard top and gas cabin heater. changes included the deletion of hub reduction gears at the end of 1973, and the of the limited slip differential. All imported to the US by VW were produced in and importation ceased in 1974.

here for a 42K GIF of Chris Smith’s red with the top up.

Click here for a 36K GIF of Smith’s red Thing, with the top

The VW Thing is built on a chassis pan to, but different than that in the Karman Ghia, and the running shares some parts Beetles and Busses, while other parts that are to the 181. Being built from the basic chassis pan, the specifications are similar to those of the and Microbus. Importation into the US in 1974, though Type 181continued to be built and sold in and Brazil for several year

A loyal group of Thing exists, and can be contacted at the The Internet 181 Club Homepage which includes many links to 181 web sites.

The data for this was obtained or inferred from The Fighting Vehicles Directory by Vanderveen; from the March issue of VW Trends; and from for the Wehrmacht (TM E9-803). My thanks to Horn for lending me his copy of Dr. book. The VW Trends article has a of very interesting Kubel Information regarding Kubels is and often contradictory. All information I included here is thought to be but I will gladly amend any that is proven to be wrong. If you further Kubelwagen information, contact me by clicking here.

between the Type 82 and American continue to be made, and a little on the Jeep seems appropriate In 1939, then Chief of George Marshall requested the Army’s Utility Vehicle draw up specifications for a Light and Reconnaissance Car. The resulting approved by Marshall were to 135 US automobile manufacturers and suppliers for on seventy vehicles. The committee’s were daunting: vehicle of 1300 pounds; wheelbase of 80 or less; a payload of 600 pounds; an producing at least 85 foot of torque; a minimum speed of miles per hour, and a requirement of wheel drive. But the most requirement was the timeline: the first would have to be delivered in 49 days, with the remaining vehicles to be delivered in an additional 26 So imposing were these that only two firms the bid forms: Willys-Overland, and the smaller Bantam company, which had researched and produced very automobiles.

Almost immediately, the two designers—Berney Roos for Willys, and Probst for Bantam each an important decision. Roos that the Army’s timeline was And Probst decided that the minimum weight was similarly Probst, aware that was a small company that new business, did adhere to the production and ultimately was responsible for Bantam’s of the first BRC (Bantam Reconnaissance on September 21, 1940, just 47 after Bantam had signed the contract. The first BRC was tested and for two days, and then driven to Camp Holbert, Maryland for testing. Testing was successful, and though the 1840 pound exceeded the original design approval for another 70 BRC’s was to Bantam.

Although Bantam had produced the of what would become as GP’s, or Jeeps, production soon exceeded Bantam’s and Army contracts were let to and Ford who each produced a different version. Unable to ever increasing production Bantam’s production percentage and the Willys MA version of the BRC became the standard.

The general specifications of the Jeep, Willys MA version, as follows:

Engine horsepower: 61

torque: 103 foot pounds


Track: 48.25

Width: 62


Height (to top of cowl): 40

(to top of steering wheel): 50.75

(overall with top):

Shipping weight: 2072

Road weight: 2160

Gross weight: 2800

Historical information on Jeeps was from The Complete Four Drive Manual by John

Other related links

James Lux, January 12,

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