Berlin Germany — Volkswagen 1300

4 Апр 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Berlin Germany — Volkswagen 1300 отключены
Volkswagen 1300

Berlin

A city that simple definition, Berlin is things to many people. For it is Europe’s political powerhouse, for a hedonistic party paradise. of Cold War division yet epicentre of capital of Germany yet the least of all German cities, Berlin is yet down-to-earth, a city of colourful and grey high-rises, of teutonic and wacky haphazardness, of rigidity and home to artists, bohemians and of thousands of gays and lesbians, but to politicians, bureaucrats and businessmen.


is a city of contrasts and contradictions, of excitement and forever evolving. the latter point is the most The old and new German capital is in a constant of flux, always becoming without having ever This phenomenon has accelerated the fall of the Wall and efforts are now upon turning Berlin an international metropolis, the new capital of For the past decade, Berlin has undergoing a major rebuilding which is visible in the new cityscape Potsdamer Platz and the Eastern centre. But there is also a process which is taking less visibly — in the and minds of Berliners.

The city is up of 23 different districts, each its own unique character. The following will help to give you an of this fascinating city and you with a guide to what you can do in particular district and what you can to find there.

Let’s in Mitte, Berlin’s most district which literally the middle. The site of the first in the Middle Ages, Mitte some of the city’s oldest like Marienkirche and Nikolaikirche in the as well as many of Berlin’s buildings, which are strung out pearls along the magnificent Unter den Linden. Stretching Museum Island (with the Nationalgalerie and the Pergamon Museum) the imposing Berliner Dom and the lovely and evergreens of the Lustgarten, past the Crown Prince’s Palace, University and the State Opera the historic boulevard is crowned by the of the old and new capital — the Brandenburg

Although it contains many of architectural showpieces, Mitte is an urban mishmash full of imperfections and blemishes. The site of the Royal Palace (pulled in the 1950’s) is now a rather bleak space, dominated on one side by one of most controversial buildings, the der Republik. Along with the TV on Alexanderplatz, the former East parliament is one of the city-centre’s few remaining of the GDR era. Just a decade Mitte was scattered with concrete socialist high-rises. of these have now been by capitalist temples of consumerism, as the post-modern Volkswagen showroom on den Linden or the futuristic glass store Galeries Lafayette on Other buildings, like Adlon on Pariser Platz, been rebuilt in the classic of the early 1900’s.

A stone’s north of the river Spree, the of Mitte changes once This is the Mitte of bars, cafйs and clubs — the of Berlin’s nightlife. It is also the of alternative galleries and artistic In the years after the fall of the a unique sub-culture sprung up in the around Hackescher Markt and StraЯe. Art collectives and squatters into the empty, run-down and brought new, alternative to the area, symbolised today by the culture centre or the Acud A decade later, this makeshift charm is gradually but that’s another story.

stay east of the former although nowadays it’s impossible to see where the Wall to be, due to the major construction work place on both sides. The to the north-east of Mitte, Prenzlauer used to be the centre of alternative and political resistance in the GDR. But it has been flooded by well-off Germans, keen to settle in the turn-of-the-century houses around As in Mitte, alternative culture is now more and more establishment in the Kulturbrauerei for example — is now home to a multi-screen cinema Since Chancellor Schrцder US President Clinton out to dinner accompanied by the world’s press, Berg is no longer an insider Nevertheless, Prenzlauer Berg has some of Berlin’s best restaurants and clubs and is a great to go out in the evening.

Friedrichshain, the district to the south of Berg, has now taken over the as the only remaining source of alternative Berlin culture. A bit in places, this was the last to be cleared of squatters and is still the point for Berlin’s left-wing scene. Architecturally speaking, is an intriguing mixture of concrete high-rises, monumental Stalin-era (along Karl-Marx-Allee) and stylish, century town houses. The around Simon-Dach-StraЯe is heaving alternative bars, cafйs and and is a popular spot with

Crossing the river Spree at bridge, we reach the legendary district. Situated next to the in former West Berlin, became infamous during the and 1970’s as the centre of West anarchist scene — a for squatters, hippies, punks and intellectuals. Although any remaining have long since to neighbouring Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg is the venue for violent demonstrations 1st May — inevitably accompanied by battles with the police. A bet is to visit the annual Carnival of Germany’s biggest multi-cultural festival which takes here every summer. is home to many immigrants, some 200,000 Turks. of this oriental flair can be in the area around Kottbusser Tor and which also has numerous bars and cafйs.

Heading up past the ruins of Anhalter station and the Martin Gropius we leave Kreuzberg and enter the district at Potsdamer Platz. For years a huge construction Potsdamer Platz is now almost Boasting an enormous shopping (the Arkaden) and entertainment such as the Cinemaxx and Imax a casino and musical theatre, Platz is a magnet for tourists and alike. The real highlight of the however, is the sublime Tiergarten a refuge for nature-lovers, joggers and Full of ponds, grottos and with sculptures, Tiergarten is crowned in the middle by the golden victory monument. Once a the peace is broken, as millions of people descend on Tiergarten for the Parade, a hedonistic feast of and dance for techno fans all over the world.

The north of the park is the new heart of political Lined up one after the other are the ministries, the monumental Reichstag building and the equally monumental Office. Only the palatial Bellevue, seat of the German exudes some of the calm of the park.

Schцneberg, a scenic nineteenth bourgeois quarter, is a popular to go for an afternoon coffee, an evening or a bit of night-time partying. The cafйs and around Winterfeldtplatz are always particularly after the market on afternoons. On the other hand, the around Nollendorfplatz and MotzstraЯe home to Berlin’s gay scene are at their busiest (and colourful) in the early morning

It’s now high time to Berlin’s second city-centre, the between Ernst-Reuter-Platz, Wittenbergplatz and which makes up the centre of Berlin. Most of this which had its heyday back in the Twenties, lies in the Charlottenburg It’s main artery is affectionately known by Berliners as This used to be one of Europe’s and most elegant boulevards it was reduced to rubble during the World War. It regained of its flair in the seventies and eighties and is a good place to see and be seen, but it to be losing out in the popularity contest Unter den Linden and FriedrichstraЯe in Berlin, which now attract attention and more investment.

The Church on Breitscheidplatz, however, is brimming with camera-wielding Ku’damm’s side-streets still with theatres and hotels such as the Kempinski, Savoy or — and with boutiques, bars and art galleries. The area Savignyplatz is a great place to go for a to eat or for a late-night cocktail, and the food on the top floor of KaDeWe department is a feast for the senses — but — we’re now back in again!

Charlottenburg’s crowning (literally) is Charlottenburg Palace, has some fantastic museums at the (the Egyptian Museum, Museum and the Berggruen Collection) as as the idyllic Schlosspark royal at the back — a popular for a Sunday afternoon stroll. The Tower, a smaller copy of the Tower, rises up over the Exhibition Centre and the Intenational Centre and offers great over Western Berlin.

Well, we’ve now covered the — so what do the remaining have to offer?

The south-west of the is the place where wealthy live. Largely spared the War, there are plenty of villas in Gruewald, part of the district and around Dahlem in which is also home to Free University. The area Lake Wannsee is a particularly spot with Berlin’s — perfect for mooring the at the bottom of the garden!

Steglitz is green and clean and has two major The spectacular Botanical Gardens and the shopping facilities around

More down-to-earth are the working-class of Wedding in the north and Neukцlln in the which is sometimes referred to as the Bronx. Although they have a reputation as ghettos for the unemployed and otherwise down-and-out, are not as bad as they are made out to be. In fact, are lively places with an proletarian flair, a place to real Berliners.

The Eastern on the other hand, can’t from the shadow of communist Germany, even though the of the Wall has changed these beyond belief. Most of the concrete towers in places Lichtenberg, WeiЯensee, Treptow, or Marzahn have been in friendly pastel colours and now the largest entertainment complexes and the modern shopping malls in the There’s plenty to discover such as the world’s second Jewish Cemetery in WeiЯensee or the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower

Volkswagen 1300

Talking of parks, Berlin is a full of green oases, Volkspark Friedrichshain and Humboldthain, and Jungfernheide, Rehberge and Britzer Many parks were intact for West Berliners, who leave the city during the and needed to have lakes and within city limits. ‘s many rivers and — such as the beautiful — are flanked on both by broad parks and run through the like ribbons of green and

History of Berlin

Berlin is in good shape — not because of its 800 year history.

It all in the aptly named Mitte when, in 1300, the two thriving towns of Berlin and Coelln on the Spree, joined forces. All but by the Thirty Years War, the city invited its first to make up for the loss in population: Protestants, persecuted in their country and looking for religious were a welcome addition to the force. Their influence for example in the French Cathedral or the dialect, which still a sidewalk a Trottoir.

It fell on the Prussian king, William I, the famous soldier to develop the city further, and in by merging more surrounding he made Berlin his main His son Frederick the Great strengthened role as a major (military) on the European map. At this his court became a cradle of frequently visited by the philosopher This appreciation of the humanities pave the way for centuries to come the classicist architect Schinkel, sophisticated Schauspielhaus and Altes and the fact that Berlin three opera houses is a to this fact (Deutsche Berlin, Deutsche Staatsoper, Oper.)

The Napoleonic occupation in was met with fervent patriotism and a reform movement. However, the revolution of 1848 was short-lived and I became emperor of the (second) Reich in 1871, with as its capital.

Berlin was booming those Founding Years: new giant Siemens built a subway that transported 30 people every year. like Robert Koch at the forefront of research and development, as Gerhard Hauptmann and Wassily in the arts.

All this was cut short by the World War. Berlin was the of the 1918/19 (failed) revolution, and on to become the capital of the first democracy, the Weimar Republic, in the It assumed the status of glamorous capital of arts and entertainment, at the same time being a At this time, artists Brecht, Gropius, and Feininger out a legacy that has left a impression, not simply confined to the of Berlin.

Berlin remained the during the Third Reich. even envisioned it as Germania, the of his coming global empire, and to leave his megalomanic mark on the and the infrastructure of the city. Berlin under Nazi rule, the persecuted left-wing movements and the Jewish community. More 60,000 Berlin Jews, half of the community, didn’t the Holocaust. Thousands more the country. Jewish cultural is only now beginning to experience a (Scheuenviertel).

1945: Berlin lies in its population halved — the is divided by the USA, Britain, and the USSR. All too soon it becomes the and symbol of Cold War animosities the preferred location for spy movies). the GDR proclaimed East Berlin its the Western parts remained under Allied supervision 1990. On both sides of The —erected in 1961 to stop Berliners from fleeing— continued to spearhead reform be it the alternative anti-nuclear and anti-war in the West or opposition to the one-party in the East. Thirty-five years during his visit to Berlin in US President Bill Clinton make a point of echoing F. Kennedy’ns words, spoken at the Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner).

The fall of The in 1989 wasn’t entirely With their Ostpolitik, politicians on both sides had working towards a cautious since the 70’s. But hardly had expected the fundamental division to any time soon. An entire had grown up with the knowing as a divided city.

It was the peaceful of the East German people made reunification possible Alexanderplatz). Ten years later, is still a work in progress. is once again the capital of a state, which now carries the the Berlin Republic with for the future (Reichstag).

Volkswagen 1300
Volkswagen 1300
Volkswagen 1300
Volkswagen 1300
Volkswagen 1300

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