Great Automotive Failures Volkswagen 411/412 Ran When Parked — Volkswagen 411,412

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Volkswagen 411

Great Automotive Failures: 411/412

The Volkswagen Type 4 was the earliest whispers of the company’s to move into more segments. Despite intentions by VW to a possible replacement to the Type 1 with the Type 3, the Beetle sold strongly on its reputation as an reliable, and affordable car. The 3 was not successful as a replacement, but it had shown that there existed a for more refined vehicles in its line-up. The 411 was introduced in late as a mid-sized car that would be a up from the Type 3. In terms of the Volkswagen model line, one can of the Type 4 as the earliest predecessor to the while the Type 3 was more a predecessor to the Jetta.

The 411 was the first VW to do away with a bar suspension setup, having struts in front, and coil in the rear. Also notably, was the first production car from the to be available with four Body styles included a two and door fastback as well as a version, commonly called the

While VW’s traditional and air-cooled powerplant design a completely new engine made debut with the introduction of the It was overall larger in design and 1.7 liters. Like the Type 3′s design (which was essentially the as the Beetle), the new Type 4 had its cooling fan directly off of the crankshaft. This for a much lower deck the engine for a lower luggage floor. After the launch, the 4 engine received Bosch fuel injection, which was a technological advancement for a relatively car during the era. The engine was over to the Bus range and also used in the Porsche 914 four-cylinder In the Type 4, however, the performance exactly stellar, especially if with

the optional three-speed automatic

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The 411 was not a bad car. It was typically solid, as VWs reliable, and quite practical. its biggest problem was cost. manufacturers offered similarly models for significantly less and likely an overall better Sales were hardly Perhaps VW was hoping that who had purchased a Beetle as a first car or as transportation would eventually up-market within the brand. perhaps the name VW was not yet what wanted to have on a more car. Furthermore, just two after the introduction of the Type 4, VW selling the K70 – a former NSU design – was front engined, front drive, and more traditional than the somewhat bizzare Neither the 411 nor the K70 was a huge marketing though. (The K70 is of course, a other story)

In an attempt to refresh the Type 4, the 412 was in 1972. The engine displacement was now to 1.8 liters and the front end was changed to a new and nose design. Sales poor. Through its lifespan, 368,000 411 and 412s were compared to over two million 3s and over 15 million German Type 1 Beetles.

By 1974 VW had made full of its aquisition of Auto Union/Audi/DKW and The new Passat was a far more modern than the Type 4, featuring wheel drive, an Audi water-cooled four-cylinder engine, and modern styling from The Type 4s and 3s quietly ceased and it was the beginning of the end for the air-cooled era at Volkswagen.

a doubt the most successful of the Type 4 project was the engine. It on in Porsche 914 until 1976 and the 912E (US Market) and finally in the VW Bus and models until 1982 it was then highly modified to cooling and became the “Wasserboxer”.

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