Volkswagen Type 3 Wikipedia the free encyclopedia — Volkswagen 1500

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Volkswagen 1500

Volkswagen Type 3

1973 VW (Type III)

The Volkswagen 3 (sold as the Volkswagen 1500 and the Volkswagen 1600 ) was a compact car and marketed by Volkswagen (VW), at the 1961 Frankfurt Motor Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA) and available in two-door notchback. and station wagon variants.

History [ edit ]

The Type 3 the Type 1, utilizing a low-profile of Volkswagen’s rear-engined, 4-cylinder engine, as well as body-on-chassis while featuring ponton in contrast to the Type 1’s fender and running board. VW the design by 1959 with ready for testing by 1960. was such that even at the Geneva Auto Show, VW they were readying a new In 1961 VW announced the new line as the

Production began in August a month before launch, of the 1500 Notchback . encompassing styling in a notchback saloon [ 3 ] Production of the Karmann Ghia (also known as the Type 34 Ghia ) with a coupé commenced in November 1961 and started in January 1962. [ 3 ] The bodied Variant (known as the in the USA) followed, with the cars produced in February [ 3 ] Two convertibles based on the 1500 were also announced the original models, but did not enter [ 4 ]

The Fastback . or TL version, a fastback arrived in August 1965, at the time the 1600 engine was Volkswagen’s intention was that model should replace the . which is what happened in the UK but in other markets, including the domestic market, the number of preferring the older Notchback car was higher than foreseen, and in the end Notchback and Fastback body remained in production until 1973. [ 5 ]

Volkswagen of America importing the Type 3 in 1966 in the (‘Variant’ badges were not in the US market) and Fastback but not the Notchback The Type 3 was competing in the market the Chevrolet Corvair that had previously introduced in the United in 1960, which incorporated a rear-mounted air-cooled engine in and station wagon body as well as a compact van derived the plaftorm .

In 1969, the Type 3 ( Einspritzung ) became the first automobile in series production electronic fuel injection D-Jetronic ) as standard equipment. The Volkswagen Type 4 was introduced in which had a similar mechanical with further engineering

For the 1968 model year, in the USA, a three-speed fully transaxle became available, for extremely low internal friction. the automatic came completely rear suspension (IRS), the swing axle set-up. For the IRS rear axle was standard both automatic and manual

The model received a facelift in when a 115 mm (4.5 in) nose-lengthening 1.5 cu ft (42 L) to the luggage capacity. [ 6 ]

Volkswagen the Type 3 in a lower trim in Europe, marketed as the 1600A level. In the US, and for 1973 only, offered two trim levels of the 3 Fastback in the USA, marketed as the 3 Sedan and Type 3 Basic The Basic Compact featured content, including limited and upholstery availability and without line chrome, clock, rear window defogger — and painted frames around the windows, a black cardboard trunk liner over the gas without a liner on the sides of the or over the firewall, plain door panels without pockets and rubber mats in of interior carpet. [ citation ]

While the Type 3 was a more design, it never reached the level of popularity as the Beetle. As started to produce front-wheel-drive designs, production ended in at the Wolfsburg plant, with moving to VW’s new Emden which was later retooled in to build the first generation (marketed variously, also as the The Wolfsburg plant was retooled to the Golf. which eventually the Type 1 as Volkswagen’s best sedan.

Engine and drivetrain [ edit ]

The 3 was initially equipped with a 1.5 L cc) engine based on the air-cooled cc flat-4 found in the Type 1, but a 69 mm stroke it became the basis for the cc and 1600 cc engines that in the later Beetle (Type 1) and Type 2 T1 and T2. [ citation needed ] the long block remained the as the Type 1, the engine cooling was by putting the fan on the end of the crankshaft instead of on the This reduced the height of the profile, allowed greater volume, and earned the nicknames of or Suitcase engine. The engine’s would eventually increase to 1.6 L cc).

It used a similar to the Beetle but with higher (4.125 RP v 4.375 RP) and longer Unlike the Beetle (Type 1), the 3 engine and transmission unit was into a subframe (which the complete rear suspension), in rubber-mounted to the floorpan and body, isolating vibration and road from the passenger space.

The original Volkswagen 1500 a single side-draught 32 mm Solex PHN In August 1963 VW introduced and twin-carburetor versions, respectively the 1500 ‘N’ (Normal), at 45 PS (33 kW ; 44 hp ), and the 1500 ‘S’ (Super), 254 PS kW; 251 hp) which had high-compression (8.5:1) 83 mm pistons and twin downdraught 32 mm PDSIT carburetors for more

The Type 3 engine received a displacement (1.6 L) for 1966 ’65) and in 1969 became the first volume production car to electronic fuel injection — by Bosch. The Bosch D-Jetronic was offered on the Volkswagen 1600 TE LE (E designating Einspritzung or injection in A similar Bosch injection was used in the later Type 4 VW some models of the Porsche Opel Admiral, Diplomat and and available for the Volvo P1800. introduced for 1968 was a fully transmission .

A notable advance the Type 1 to the Type 3 was the front — although similar to the Type 1, it was the Volkswagen front suspension to transverse round torsion as opposed to the Type 1’s leaves. The Type 3’s bars are cross-mounted in the lower so that each individual bar spans the full width of the the upper tube containing an bar that connects the upper links to each other. In the rear suspension was upgraded to jointed CV joint semi arm suspension (sometimes called IRS by VW to differentiate it from the previous type), a design feature previously appeared on the VW Type 2 in

Like the Type 1, The Type 3 both front and rear areas, with greater and easier rear cargo via a rear-opening boot (trunk) In all four variants (Karmann Notchback, Squareback and Fastback), the was located under a panel in the trunk. The Type 3 also wall-to-wall carpeting, and was available air conditioning in the US.

The original Type 3 5-stud wheels (5 x 205 mm PCD) twin leading shoe brakes at the front. In August (the ’66 model these were replaced by brakes, coinciding with the of the Fastback and 1600 engine built models retained front brakes until 1967). These have wheels (4 x 130 mm PCD) with 8 slots. Rear brakes always leading / trailing drums.

Production figures [ edit ]

Volkswagen 1500

production: [ 1 ]

Type 31 1500/1600 1,339,124

Type 36 1500/1600 1,202,935

Type 351 1500/1600 (prototypes): 12

1500/1600 chassis and prototypes: 311

Brazilian production: [ 7 ]


Fastback: 109,515


Variant II: 41,002

production [ edit ]

Following the of all local manufacturing by Volkswagen in 1968, the Type 3 was assembled CKD kits by Motor Producers at the same Clayton facility to 1973. [ 9 ]

Volkswagen 1500
Volkswagen 1500
Volkswagen 1500
Volkswagen 1500
Volkswagen 1500

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