1944 PKW Type 82 Kübelwagen Four Wheeler Magazine — Volkswagen Kubelwagen

6 Апр 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи 1944 PKW Type 82 Kübelwagen Four Wheeler Magazine — Volkswagen Kubelwagen отключены
Volkswagen Kubelwagen

1944 PKW Type 82 Kübelwagen

2012 Backward Glances

The jeep got most of the vehicular in World War II but other vehicles the same light reconnaissance and transport role. On the German that vehicle was the Pkw (Personenkraftwagen, carrier) Type 82, known by soldiers as the Kübelwagen (bucket or Kübel for short.

The Kübel had its in the Volkswagen, or people’s car, a affordable car project given to Dr. Porsche in 1934 to fully The first cars appeared in but militaristic priorities soon the project and few were actually to German citizens before began in 1939.

While on the VW Porsche was approached to work on a military vehicle. In 1938, he the basic components of the Volkswagen and them into a compact carrier. The first iteration was due to excess weight but after outside help, a simple, body was developed. After in late 1938, the project was for production, which began in 1940.

The Type 82 was two-wheel drive, the military originally asking for a A 4×4 was developed but did not go into likely due to cost and production As it was, the Type 82’s weight, low gearing, high and ZF locking differential gave it performance “comparable” to many of the period. The Kübel was no hot rod; its air-cooled flat-four only out 23.5hp, but with a 6.2:1 drive ratio, it put just grunt to the ground to adequately it’s 2,557 GVW. it weighed just less 1,600 pounds and was easily by four passengers. It used torsion bars front and with a swing-axle drive in back. If you’ve seen an early VW bus, you’ve seen the Type 82 undercarriage.

The Kübel had the same impact on the army as did the jeep for the Americans and it a ubiquitous military implement. were used on every front, from the blistering of North Africa to the frozen of the Eastern Front, during the for the Continent and the German homeland. proved remarkably capable, and durable, far outstripping the typical “throw-away” philosophy from they were created.

The 82 remained remarkably unchanged its approximately 51,000-unit, five-year run. A big upgrade came in of 1943, when the engine was from 985 to 1,131cc, upping the to 25 net hp and the torque to 55 lb-ft. Also in the German Army’s paint changed from dunkelgrau grey) to a dunkelgelb (field Smaller changes included the of hubcaps, a new dash, a more air filter, a larger fuel and other, almost unnoticeable,

The inevitable question is, “How did the 82 stack up against the WWII jeep?” Surprisingly well, it out. It was far more comfortable and than the jeep. Rode too. The Kübel’s fuel was lots better, delivering high-teens mpg in the field versus the 10-11 mpg. On-highway, the 20 mpg at the standard military 45 mph gave it a range to a dry tank on 15 gallons. The could go 285 miles on its 7.9 gallons for 35

In most types of terrain, the two are pretty evenly matched. If ever tried to keep up a VW-based trail buggy your 4×4, you will how annoyingly capable they can be. experts gave the overall performance nod to the jeep, but it wasn’t by all much. And mostly in a few very circumstances. When stuck, the Kübel was very easily out.

Where the jeep was all over the was towing capacity. Most were not even set up with a and, when they capacity was minimal. Though payload capacities on paper close, the jeep had far more capacity and the power reserves to it. Most also agree the was more durable in harsh with typically harsh drivers.

A fair number of survived the war, many out to put European civilians back on wheels. New ones were postwar from remaining stockpiles and many credit idea from a British as the starting point for the current company. Time and hard use taken a big toll on a vehicle for a life measured in months. In the experts guess at about 150 present, with perhaps a few worldwide. Restored units upwards of $40,000.

What’s a Kübel like to If you’ve driven an old VW, you know. have the same feel. are quite zippy when not but run out of wind rather quickly due to the low even with their Fourth gear. Less 50 mph is preferred, though some claim a 60-mph top speed. The are cable/mechanical but effective. The ride is though stiffer than the Beetle, and the steering is tight. in and out is easy, even with accoutrements and weapons. The Kübel went on to serve the reconstituted German Army in the form of the 4×4 Auto Union ’70s-’80s 4×2 VW 181 (Thing), and the 4×4 VW Iltis. When you about it, that follows the manufacturing history pretty Good ideas are always

Volkswagen Kubelwagen

The Details

Vehicle: 1944 Pkw 82 Kübelwagen

Owner: Steve

Estimated value: $45,000

1.13L air-cooled flat-four,

Power (hp): 25 @ 3000 rpm

(lb-ft): 55 @ 2000 rpm

Bore (in): 2.75 x 2.53


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