Ferdinand Porsche — Volkswagen Kubelwagen

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Ferdinand Porsche  (3 1875 – 30 January 1951) was engineer and honorary Doctor of Engineering. He is known for creating the first vehicle (gasoline-electric), the Volkswagen and the Mercedes-Benz SS/SSK, as well as the of manyPorsche automobiles. Porsche designed the Benz Tropfenwagen, which was the race car with mid-engine, drive layout.

Known in circles as the great engineer, he a number of contributions to advanced tank designs: Tiger I, Tiger II, and well as the super-heavy Panzer VIII which was never put into He also made contributions in design, including the Junkers Ju 88, and Ta 152.  Additionally, he helped develop and retaliatory weapons (Vergeltungswaffen), as the V-1 flying bombs(Fi 103 bombs). In 1937, Porsche was the German National Prize for Art and one of the rarest decorations in Nazi

In 1996, Porsche was inducted the International Motorsports Hall of in 1999 posthumously won the award of Car of the Century.

Ferdinand Porsche was to German-speaking parents in Maffersdorf (Czech:  nad Nisou ), northern Bohemia, during the of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, today in Republic. He showed high for mechanical work at a very age. He managed to attend at the Imperial Technical School Liberec ) at night while his father in his mechanical shop by Thanks to a referral, Porsche a job with the Béla Egger company in Vienna when he turned Vienna he would sneak the local university whenever he after work. Beyond classes there, Porsche had received any higher engineering During his five years Béla Egger . Porsche developed the electric hub motor.

In Porsche joined the Vienna-based Jakob Lohner Co, that coaches for Emperor Franz Joseph I of as well as for the kings of England, Sweden, Lohner had begun construction of in 1896 under Ludwig Lohner in the of Floridsdorf.

Their first unveiled in 1898, was the System a carriage-like car driven by two electric directly fitted within the wheel hubs, and powered by This drive train was easily expanded to four-wheel by simply mounting two more motors to the rear wheels as and indeed such a specimen was by the Englishman E. W. Hart in 1900. In that year, the car was presented at World Exhibition under the name Even though this vehicle had been commissioned for the of racing and record-breaking, the 1,800 kg acid batteries it required graphically the limits of this powertrain Though it showed wonderful when it was allowed to sprint, the of its huge battery pack that it was singularly reluctant to hills and suffered from range due to limited battery

The Lohner-Porsche Mixte Hybrid

employed by Lohner, Porsche the logical conclusion and in 1901 the Mixte vehicle/transmission concept: of a massive battery-pack, an internal engine built by the German firm, was fitted to a generator to drive the motors and (for vehicle a small battery pack. way Porsche had created the first petroleum hybrid vehicle on record, since sufficiently reliable and couplings weren’t available at the he chose to make it a series-hybrid, an currently more common locomotives than automobiles.

over 300 Lohner-Porsche chassis sold up to 1906, most of were two-wheel drive—either or rear-wheel driven trucks, and fire-engines. No further four-wheel-drive cars were manufactured, some buses were with it.

The up to 56 km/h (35 mph) carriages broke several speed records, and also won the Rally in 1901 with himself piloting a front-wheel hybrid specimen. It was later with more powerful from Daimler and Panhard, which proved to be to post more speed In 1905, Porsche was recognized the  Poetting prize  as Austria’s outstanding automotive engineer.

In he was drafted into military He served as a chauffeur to Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, the crown of Austria whose assassination War I a mere decade later.


In 1906, Austro-Daimler recruited Porsche as their designer. Porsche’s best Austro-Daimler car was designed for the Prince Trial in 1910, named II’s younger brother Prince of Prussia. Examples of this 85 horsepower (63 kW) car won the first three and the car is still better known by the Prince Henry than by its name Modell 27/80.

had advanced to Managing Director by and received the honorary doctorate degree, Dr. techn from the Vienna University of 1917 (hence the Dr. Ing h.c in his name, Doktor Ingenieur Honoris Causa ). successfully continued to construct cars, winning 43 out of 53 races his 1922 design. In 1923, left Austro-Daimler after ensued about the future of car development.

Only a few months Porsche landed a new job as Daimler Gesellschaft’s Technical Director Germany, which was already a major hub for the German automotive He received another honorary from the Stuttgart Technical his work at Daimler Motoren in Stuttgart and later the honorary Professor. While at Daimler Gesellschaft, he came up with very successful race car The heavy series of models with superchargers that culminated in the Mercedes-Benz SSK dominated its of motor racing in the 1920s.

In Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft Cie merged into Daimler-Benz, with joint products beginning to be Porsche’s concept of a small, Mercedes-Benz car was not popular with board, however. He left in for Steyr Automobile, but the Great about Steyr’s economic and Porsche ended up being

In April 1931 Porsche his consulting firm,  Dr. req. F. Porsche GmbH, Konstruktionen und für Motoren und Fahrzeugbau . in Stuttgart, he returned. With financial from the Austrian advocate Anton Rosenberger, Porsche successfully several old co-workers he befriended at his places of employment including Karl Komenda,Franz Xaver Reimspiess, and his Porsche.

Their first project was the of a middle class car for Wanderer. commissioned designs followed. As the grew, Porsche decided to on his own design as well, which to be a reincarnation of the small car concept his days at Daimler-Benz in Stuttgart. He the project with a loan on his insurance. Later Zündapp decided to help the project, but lost interest their success with took over the sponsorship, but lost interest due to the high costs.

With car commissions low in the economic climate, Porsche a subsidiary company  Hochleistungs GmbH (High Efficiency Ltd.)  in 1932 to develop car, for which he had no customer. on Max Wagner’s mid-engined layout  1923 Tropfenwagen . or Teardrop aerodynamic the experimental P-Wagen project racing car (P stood for was designed according to the regulations of the formula. The main regulation of formula meant that the of the car without driver, fuel, water and tire was not allowed to 750 kg.

In 1932 Auto Union formed, comprising struggling manufacturers Audi, DKW, Horch and Wanderer. The Chairman of the Board of Baron Klaus von Oertzen wanted a show project, so at fellow director Rosenberger’s insistence, von Oertzen met Porsche, who had done work for him At the 1933 Berlin Motor Chancellor Adolf Hitler announced two new programs:

The car: Hitler made it his agenda to motorize the nation, and every German should own a car or a tractor in the future.

A state-sponsored racing programme: to develop a speed German automotive the foundation of which would be an sum of 500,000 Reichsmarks to Mercedes-Benz

The announcement led to two projects for and set a precedent for the rest of the decade Porsche accepting further from Nazi Germany, latterly military vehicles from Panzer , Tiger Tank and destroyer.

In June 1934, received a contract from to design a people’s car (or  ), following on from his previous such as the 1931 Type 12 car for Zündapp. The first two prototype were completed in 1935. were followed by several pre-production batches during to 1939. The car was similar to the contemporary of Hans Ledwinka of Tatra, which in a lawsuit against Porsche by Volkswagen only several years World War II. A new city, Stadt des near Fallersleben was founded for the Volkswagen but wartime production concentrated exclusively on the military Kübelwagen and Schwimmwagen variants. Mass of the car, which later known as the Beetle, commenced the end of the war. The city is named Wolfsburg today and is the headquarters of Volkswagen Group.

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German racing driver Hans met Hitler before he became and not being able to gain a at Mercedes, accepted the invitation of to join him, von Oertzen and in approaching the Chancellor. In a meeting in Chancellery, Hitler agreed Porsche that for the glory of it would be better for two companies to the project, resulting in Hitler to split the money between and Auto Union with Reichsmark  to each company. highly annoyed Mercedes, who had developed their Mercedes-Benz W125, and in a heated exchange both on and off the track between the two companies for the until World War Two.

garnered state funds, Union bought  Hochleistungs GmbH  and hence the Project for 75,000  Reichsmark . the company to Chemnitz. As Porsche more involved with the of the Wolfsburg factory, he handed his racing projects to his son, The dominance of the  Silver  of both brands was only by the outbreak of World War II in

In November 1945 after the Porsche was asked to continue the of the Volkswagen in France and to move the equipment there as part reparations. Differences within the government and objections from the automotive industry put a halt to project before it had even On 15 December 1945, French arrested Porsche, Anton Piëch, Porsche as war criminals. While was set free soon, Ferdinand and were held in a Dijon prison for 20 without trial.

While his father was in captivity, tried to keep the company in and they also repaired water pumps, and winches. A with Piero Dusio was completed for Prix motor racing car, Type 360 Cisitalia . The innovative 4WD never went into but the money it raised for Porsche was to redeem Ferdinand Porsche French prison.

The company started work on a new design, 356, the first car to carry the brand. The company was located the time, to which they had from Stuttgart to avoid bomb raids. The company manufacturing the Porsche 356 in an old saw mill in They manufactured 49 cars, were built entirely by labor.

The Porsche family to Stuttgart in 1949 not knowing how to their business. The banks not give them credit, as the plant was still under embargo and could not serve as So Ferry Porsche took one of the series 356 models from and visited Volkswagen dealers to some orders. He asked the to pay for the ordered cars in advance. He wrote a letter to the bank’s to thank him for refusing.[ citation ]

The serial version made in had a steel body welded to the central-tube chassis instead of the aluminum body in the small Gmünd-made series. Ferry Porsche resurrected the he counted on series production of about 1,500. More 78,000 Porsche 356s manufactured in the following 17 years.

was later contracted by Volkswagen for consulting work and received every Volkswagen Type I car manufactured. This provided with a comfortable financial as more than 20 million I were built.

In November Porsche visited the Wolfsburg factory for the first time the end of World War II. Porsche spent his chatting with Volkswagen Nordhoff about the future of VW which were already produced in large numbers.

A few weeks later, Porsche a stroke. He did not fully recover, and on 30 January 1951.

In 1996, was inducted into the International Hall of Fame and in 1999 won the award of Car Engineer of the

In 2010 an official memorial was in Porsche’s birthplace in Vratislavice nad Republic, featuring a Porsche

Ferdinand visited Henry Ford’s in Detroit many times where he the importance of productivity. There he to monitor work, and subject the to constant spying. The need to productivity became an obsession for Conventional methods for increasing include longer working a faster rate of work, and new techniques. Under Adolf Hitler, workers enjoyed full but historian William L. Shirer says this at a cost of serfdom like qualities and wages. The Volkswagen plant was completed in after Italian Labor was in. This workforce can be considered but people were exhorted to this example. Although joined the Nazi party on his own will in 1937, and was anSS activist, he did not any blood on his hands. Even so, under Ferdinand Porsche, from forced and slave This would include a number of Soviets. In the spring of 90% of Volkswagen’s workforce was non-German.

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