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Country: Antigua and Barbuda, (the), Barbados, Belize, Virgin Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic (the), Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Kitts and Nevis, Saint Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tobago

This Annual is intended for reporting on the Federation’s Appeals only.

Appeal CHF 4,447,824 (USD 2.7ml EUR 3m)

At a

Appeal coverage: 54.8%

Appeals: 01.23/2002

Update: the latter part of the year, the delegation for the Caribbean took an coordination role with a to supporting the Belize Red Cross and the Jamaican and Cuban Red Cross in developing operations to assist the vulnerable victims of hurricanes and Michelle which struck in and November respectively. Throughout significant progress was achieved in areas, particularly organizational and in building alliances to fight the epidemic. However, a lack of and of human resources hampered complete programme implementation, in community health initiatives, development for migrants and, to a extent, disaster preparedness. In further integration and sharing of with the regional delegation for America is envisaged.

Operational

Although solid achievements registered during the year particularly in the fields of HIV/AIDS and community-based disaster preparedness and in the adoption of a comprehensive regional strategy (RAS), the shortfall in the to the appeal and the consequent departure of key delegates hindered thorough At the same time, needs in the continued to increase. The global slow-down which began in the year had a disproportionate impact in the since it affected virtually one of the region’s major income tourism, the market for primary and remittances from Caribbean living in developed countries. In economic pressures ignited conflict and social unrest in as diverse as Jamaica, the Dominican and Trinidad. Cuba’s economy to suffer from the ongoing US embargo, and Haïti proved to resolve its chronic political which has led to the suspension of development

Most of these negative were aggravated in the aftermath of the attacks on the United States on 11 2001, in which many citizens died. The airline was badly hit, further tourism, and remittances from dropped sharply as the US tightened procedures. Finally, the region was by two major late-season hurricanes, his and which devastated several in October and November respectively.

Achievements and Constraints

Disaster

The regional delegation for the Caribbean, with the regional delegation for America and the Pan American Disaster Unit (PADRU) monitored the of hurricane Iris which struck Belize on the night of 8 The regional delegation in Santo immediately dispatched a team of delegates: the head of delegation leader), the information/reporting delegate and the response/preparedness delegate who reached by 11 October. Together with the Society, they carried out assessments and ensured the launch of the appeal on 12 October. The relief implemented over a three period, was coordinated by a team appointed at the end of October; the operation provided food and non-food to 820 families in 14 of the worst-hit villages of the district.

The evolution of hurricane was monitored closely by the regional for the Caribbean and Central America and by The hurricane caused severe in Jamaica as continuous heavy resulted in landslides and flooding. the category 4 hurricane hit the coast of on 4 November 2001, causing damage to housing, health and establishments, communications and electricity and to crops. Over 12,000 Red Cross volunteers assisted in the of some 140,000 people to shelters and with the distribution of supplies. Volunteers continued to in the shelters providing psychological and first aid. The National is concentrating efforts on four of the provinces: Cienfuegos, Villa Sancti Spiritus and Ciego de with the provision of roofing for the repair of 694 houses funded the Federation. In addition, funds be used to provide relief first aid and search and rescue for emergency teams in the event of disasters. The Jamaican Red Cross is a relief operation for 87 flood-affected with provision of basic supplies and temporary roofing

Coordination continues to be facilitated by the delegation for the Caribbean which is close contact with and with other organizations in support of the hurricane victims. further details on these please consult the information updates relating to hurricanes and Michelle on the Federation’s web site).

Preparedness (DP)

Objective 1: To all target National Societies or update existing disaster

Achievements: Ten of the 16 National Societies in the have now drafted either or basic disaster plans. are: Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Guyana, Jamaica, St. Kitts and St. Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Constraints: This activity was affected by the departure of three of the regional disaster preparedness within a three-month period, as a of funding constraints. This the ability of the regional delegation to with the National Societies, and the availability of funds which, in cases, were linked to delegates. Additionally, civil in four countries: Guyana, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago) the attention of the Societies from out this activity. However, the delegation was strengthened in late by the addition of a second DP delegate direct responsibility for the three populous Caribbean countries. In the formation of a regional intervention in the first half of 2002 provide additional resources in NSs to out the task of completing or updating plans.

Objective 2: To have the vulnerable 10 percent of communities in six countries develop hazard and local disaster plans.

The objective of covering the most 10 percent of communities in the development of maps was exceeded in four Dominica, Jamaica, St. Kitts and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, with Dominica, achieving a coverage of 50%. This was not matched in the countries where the rate below 10%. The preparation of plans also followed pattern, with the smaller equalling or exceeding the stated in contrast to the larger ones had greater difficulty in meeting the

Constraints: Again, this was affected by the departure of three and the limited availability of funds. the American Red Cross in conjunction the United States Agency for Development (USAID) will the implementation of the community based preparedness (CBDP) project in countries: Belize, Dominica and Four countries: the Dominican Grenada, Jamaica, and St. Kitts and will be specifically targeted by the delegation during 2002 to the National Societies in moving process forward. A total of countries in the region will receive priority attention the coming year.

Objective 3: To by 25 percent the damage to roofs by hurricanes and tropical storms in communities in each target

This objective could not be due to lack of funds and insufficient coverage. Since, given experience, there is little of obtaining donor support for activity, this objective has deleted from the 2002/2003

Objective 4: To create a regional team of 20 persons who are capable of to disasters in any affected country and in the region, in coordination with the Pan Disaster Response Unit

This objective could not be during the year due to a funding and lack of delegate cover; basic parameters for the training of a intervention team (RIT) of 15 for the Caribbean were agreed in with PADRU, and selection and of the team is due to start during the quarter of 2002.

Objective 5: To an effective Red Cross radio-communications in six countries.

Achievements: This was severely restricted due to limited The stated objective of six countries was not met, and a radio system was in only two of the identified six countries, and Montserrat. However, funds identified for the refurbishment of the radio in a third country, Haïti, was initiated, and the system will be in the first half of 2002.

6: To provide six National Societies limited quantities of standardized emergency relief items to a quick response in the event a occurs.

Achievements: Due to the limited of funds the number of target Societies was reduced from six to Bahamas, Grenada, St. Kitts and covering, however, five (Grenada, St. Kitts, Nevis, New and Abaco). Supplies were procured through the PADRU’s logistics unit based in and transported to the National Societies.

The execution of this project was as a result of a number of problems. The submission of reports on the previous programme by beneficiary National resulted in the regional delegation’s to the donor falling behind consequently affecting the release of and procurement of supplies for 2001. was later compounded by problems by the supplier in obtaining the required based on Federation standards. In to overcome the difficulties faced in all beneficiary National Societies are now to submit early reports to the Procurement, via PADRU, will place early in 2002 on the of a contents list agreed in with the two target NSs: and Haïti.

Health and Care

Youth Project

Objective 1: To youth HIV/STD peer in the region using the adapted Red Cross youth/AIDS model, and training 1,600 volunteers, and 16,000 young people age-appropriate information.

Achievements: The delegation provided National in the region with technical in line with the strategic on HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean which was by the Caribbean Red Cross AIDS/HIV (CABAN) in the period April-June It continued to promote regional such as non-discrimination campaigns, to basic health care and and facilitated peer education sessions in some countries and Antigua and Barbuda, the British Islands, the Dominican Republic, Guyana and Jamaica, using Red Cross facilitators from and the Dominican Republic. The National reported that 155 new volunteers had trained in peer education however, it is difficult to estimate of beneficiaries reached: conservative would indicate that at 3,100 young people sensitized with essential on HIV/AIDS.

National Society level projects were developed the assistance of the regional youth delegate and the regional health and attracted donors such as and COPRESIDA to fund activities in the Virgin Islands, the Dominican Montserrat and St Lucia. Work in implementation of a Stop Ignorance by the Dominican Red Cross with from the Netherlands Red Cross delegate based in Santo The regional delegation continued to technical input for a proposed Red Cross funded STD/HIV/TB project involving the Guyana Red Society.

Constraints: Although the benefited from the recruitment of its regional health delegate in 2001, lack of programme restricted his ability to operate in the region. Additional donor are being sought for 2002 to this, and funding possibilities are being explored through with agencies such as As regards training of trainers in education, funding constraints and the of available human resources implementation of this project.

2: To integrate five additional Societies, and six British and Netherlands Red branches into the Caribbean Red AIDS/HIV Network (CABAN), bridges and supporting cooperation the Red Cross and the other main within the region.

Achievements: was made during the year in the CABAN, with a new chairperson the Jamaican Red Cross. Thirty-five from Red Cross entities in the attended the second regional meeting in the Dominican Republic in 2001. Participation included of new members of the network: Saint Red Cross, Curacao Red Cross Red Cross overseas branches) and the Virgin Islands, Montserrat, the Islands (British overseas

Furthermore, the Federation was accepted as a of the Pan-Caribbean Partnership (PCP) HIV/AIDS, and the regional delegation has admitted to the Caribbean Community International Partnership against The regional health delegate as a facilitator and resource person in the General Assembly in November and during the Global Conference People Living with (PLWAs) in Trinidad and Tobago in 2001; at both conferences emphasis was placed on HIV/AIDS-related Further meetings were with UNAIDS to prepare an youth meeting on HIV/AIDS is now scheduled to be held in the Dominican in April 2002, which is facilitated by the regional delegation. wishes to present the CABAN experience as a model for other During the year, the relationship Red Cross regional programmes and was strengthened, with UNAIDS a major presentation on the HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean at the sixth Caribbean Red regional meeting (CRCBM) in 2001.

Constraints: Although was revitalized during the period, its as a regional mechanism was limited as a of a lack of administrative support to its In 2002 this will be by the provision of a dedicated staff with the mandate to assist

Objective 3: To support the action of the Red Cross in reducing the vulnerabilities of people and supporting their development. Revitalize and rebuild the capacity of the youth departments of National Societies and three Red Cross overseas branches.

A regional youth policy was and agreed by the Caribbean Cooperation of the Red (CCORC) in Trinidad in June This document encourages all Societies to strengthen the role of people in their management and boards. The regional youth worked with the National of Barbados, St. Lucia and Surinam to issues of youth participation and management.


Constraints: Much of the and time of the regional youth was devoted to HIV/AIDS issues. The left in October 2001 having been replaced due to constraints. Funding is not available to the regional youth delegate in 2002.

Social Development for Migrants

Obejctive 1: To improve the status of Haïtian migrants, a special focus on children five years old, of child-bearing age and other vulnerable groups, in the Haitian and Dominican communities and in Cuba.

Achievements: A was carried out along the Dominican — Haïtian border potential cross border points and carrying out an inventory of support needs in case of in Haïti and a subsequent refugee

Constraints: It proved impossible to the activities related with objective because of lack of

Community Health

Objective 1: To the capacity of the regional delegation and Societies, at the regional and country to implement community-based first aid and other health activities for communities.

Achievements: The regional delegate provided focused support to Red Cross community activities in the Dominican Republic, and technical advice to PNS such as the and American Red Cross Societies in the of project coordination. First aid and information was sent to all Societies in the The regional health delegate in a disaster response simulation involving the Dominican Red Cross, NGOs and government agencies.

Because of a lack of programme little could be accomplished this objective other inputs of technical advice. a revision of the appeal at mid-year, the was taken to concentrate on HIV/AIDS-related Traditionally, the National Societies in the have worked more in areas, rather than at level. As a result, implementation of health activities has posed a new

Humanitarian Values

Objective 1: To image-building and dissemination plans at and branch levels, prioritizing the Haïtian, and Dominican National

Achievements: The regional delegation the three target National to make maximum use of the public opportunities arising from dates such as Red Cross World AIDS Day, and the of major regional meetings, for the Caribbean Red Cross HIV/AIDS — CABAN — which was organized by the Dominican Red in April 2001. Delegation worked with the Cuban Red during the second half of the to draw up a national development (NDP) including image-building the regional information delegate was in this process, and a workshop on and image issues is scheduled for 2002. During the year, the Haïtian and the Dominican Red Cross developed NDPs, including an component.

Objective 2: To develop promotional campaigns highlighting the and social role of the Red Cross:

Activities in this area focused on the Cuban Red Cross, funding was made available the Federation’s Capacity Building (CBF). Following the drafting of a strategy and the holding of a national campaign, the National Society an increase in its exposure in the media by The Cuban Red Cross hired a from the University of Havana to up a study on the image of the National among public and private and the population as a whole. In addition, the year, the delegation organized the of a From Principles to Action attended by two representatives from of the 16 National Societies in the region.

and Resource Development

Objective 1: To to the maintenance of the integrity and proper of the Caribbean National Societies on their national development

Achievements: The process relating to development plans was promoted in a of National Societies, with advice and material assistance the regional delegation. The Grenada Red Society had a NDP in place by mid-year, and the general attended a cooperation strategy (CAS) workshop in in June 2001. In Cuba, from the regional delegation the National Society, provided and technical advice, and, in of delays caused by the impact of Michelle in November 2001, of the NDP draft is scheduled for March In the Dominican Republic, a NDP was completed in the quarter of 2001. In Haiti, the provided assistance for a series of workshops in late 2001, to to NDP formulation. Following an initial facilitated by the regional delegation in 2001, Federation delegates the Trinidad and Tobago Red Cross at the end of the year to help the leadership on national planning. In Barbados, a planning workshop, as a first towards NDP production, is planned for 2002. The St. Kitts and Nevis Red Society undertook a similar focusing both on a NDP process and of the National Society Constitution. were conducted for the governing with input of local and, by the end of the year, the Society was in the stage of adopting a national Plan.

The strategic planning was also furthered in the British Red overseas branches. Regional visited the Cayman Islands to the branch in dealing with issues. The Montserrat branch and discussed a draft operating which will be officially in the first part of 2002. The delegation also worked several of the six British Red Cross branches in the Caribbean to ensure regular planning was carried out on an basis.

Constraints: Funding made the travel of delegates to of the smaller island territories In some instances, constitutional (for instance, in Trinidad and or leadership changes (for in Haiti, the Cayman Islands, and the and Caicos Islands) delayed exercises.

Objective 2: To strengthen the technical of National Society and overseas staff, members and volunteers.

The regional delegation facilitated the out of the self-evaluation process in three Societies in the region: Belize, and Grenada. As part of the NDP process, and management of the Cuban and Dominican Red Societies received training in and capacity assessment and strategic The delegation actively sought to improve National Society through cooperation with the US Corps. Dominica received a Peace Corps volunteer, St. Lucia, Grenada and Guyana receive funding through mechanism.

Objective 3: To increase the of services and structures within the National Societies.

Achievements: The delegation coordinated with the Societies of Grenada, Guyana, St. Trinidad and Tobago in the development and of regional marketing strategies and alliances. The delegation provided with information on new funding available under the European Cotonou Agreement procedure for society grants. In Grenada, the resource development delegate with the National Society to a variety of income-generating mechanisms. The building and occupational safety (BOSP) document was completed at the end of the and will be sent to selected Societies for pilot implementation in the quarter of 2002.

Constraints: The of the regional resource development to Grenada in late 2000 had the of lessening the integration of resource in the implementation of other regional This programme also resistance on the part of some

Societies which were not to agree to regional initiatives if felt that such might lead to sharing of sources which they regarded as their own.

4: To increase the Cuban Red Cross’ local operational capacity to the needs of the most vulnerable and its general performance.

Achievements: support from the Federation’s Building Fund (CBF), the delegation was able to offer support to the CRC during 2001. CRC staff and representatives of the 14 provincial received training in strategic and other project planning such as logical framework and participatory management of social By mid-year, over 20,000 were entered in the Cuban Red central database. CBF funds also used to support the CRC development programme, focused on provincial branch capacities. the end of the year, regional delegation assisted the CRC to move forward the process of producing a national plan. By late December further CBF funds had been for, in order to continue the into 2002.

Constraints: implementation of this project was by the impact of hurricane Michelle, struck Cuba in early 2001. The regional delegation delegates and resources in response to disaster. By the end of December 2001, had been reached with the Red Cross for a Federation-supported rehabilitation covering 600 houses in the worst-affected

Objective 5: To strengthen the capacity of the National Red Cross Society in order to improve its performance to vulnerable people in Haiti.

During the year, the regional provided financial assistance for an audit of the HRC. Efforts to create a consortium, under the of the Netherlands Red Cross, in order to branch development in the HRC, but a change of leadership in the National in May 2001, this was no longer and the emphasis was placed on the re-establishment of a delegate presence in Haiti in In the meantime, the delegation continued to the HRC with technical advice and from specialist delegates. As a the NDP process was well underway by the end of and planning was proceeding for the refurbishment of the HRC network, training for headquarters preparedness staff and the provision of supplies to two remote HRC branches. A organizational development (OD) is expected to be permanently based in from March 2002

Constraints: Considerable time and was devoted to the creation of a branch consortium prior to the abandonment of approach in the second half of Better results are expected the deployment of a Federation OD delegate in

Regional Cooperation

Objective 1: To existing Red Cross regional and operational and collaborative networks.

The Caribbean Red Cross biennial (CRCBM) was organized in the early of 2001 by a preparatory committee members from the Caribbean of the Red Cross (CCORC) and the regional The meeting endorsed the regional strategy which had been in consultation with all Caribbean Societies. In order to ensure of the RAS by the National Societies, a working was set up consisting of representatives from the the regional delegation and the ICRC, and met in November 2001; the next is planned for mid-2002. The CCORC administrative support throughout the from the regional delegation, specifically in connection with its in Geneva in November 2001. In to its support for CCORC, the delegation the regional Red Cross HIV/AIDS CABAN, with technical throughout 2001 (see and Care above).

Objective 2: To double the number of branches of overseas National integrated into existing regional programmes.

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Four of the six Red Cross overseas branches the CRCBM. Three BRC overseas participated actively in CABAN and the CABAN workshop held in the Republic in April 2001. Two BRC launched youth/HIV programmes initial training through Three BRC overseas branches support from the regional for disaster preparedness programmes. The of the Federation’s Caribbean regional visited British and Dutch branches in August 2001, and delegates regularly visit territories, and Red Cross entities are in all mailings and information despatches the regional delegation.

Constraints: The territories in the Caribbean are widely and travel to them is often it is the regional delegation’s practice to missions to these territories travel funded through programmes, in order to reduce

Objective 3: To achieve closer relationships between Federation and the Caribbean Red Cross on one hand and regional and national actors on the hand.

Achievements: The regional continued close relations the ECHO regional office in Domingo, and attended a workshop on for the next phase in the DIPECHO in May 2001. Contacts have been renewed with the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Agency (CDERA) and the Caribbean Information Network (CARDIN). were maintained during the period with the Caribbean of UNAIDS, which participated in the CRCBM, with the result a collaborative regional meeting on and HIV/AIDS is now planned between and the regional delegation in April Links with the Pan-American Organisation (PAHO) were strengthened.

Objective 4: To create a group of skilled and experienced Society personnel to become for regional and international Red Cross

Achievements: A report on the programme for delegates was prepared and presented at the in June 2001. Creation of a group of experienced regional remains a key objective of the BAS, was endorsed at the CRCBM. During the half of 2001 a staff-on-loan the Dominican Red Cross worked in the disaster preparedness programme. 2001, one candidate from the (Haiti) was assisted to attend a Training Course (BTC) in the United Kingdom.

Constraints: No was available during the year to a BTC in the region. This is now planned for should funding be available.

and Management

Planning

Objective 1: To the Santo Domingo Regional regional planning approach more tangible country-level

Achievements: The RAS document adopted at the in June 2001 includes for the development of Cooperation Agreement (CAS), and according to these Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican and Grenada have been to undertake the CAS process. The Director of the Grenada Red Cross Society was to attend a CAS workshop in Geneva in 2001. In Cuba, Haiti, and the Republic, the CAS process awaits a of the completion of NDPs and the presence of organizational development delegates in to progress the issue.

Constraints: The CAS was delayed in the second half of by the advent of the hurricane season, a of leadership in the Haitian National Red Society, and the preoccupation of the regional with the finalization of the RAS. In 2002, two new OD delegates will the regional delegation, one of whom be based in Haiti, and it is expected this will re-energize under this objective.

2: To continue to develop the logical approach as a practical and standardized tool for regional and NS programmes.

The regional delegation conducted for Cuban Red Cross staff in the use of the framework model during 2001.

Objective 3: To introduce and acceptance in the Caribbean for risk, and capacities assessments (VCA) as prioritization tools.

Achievements: American Red Cross delegates to the regional delegation, VCA techniques imparted to the National Societies in Jamaica and Suriname during the period.

Constraints: The departure of American Red Cross delegates to the regional delegation prior to 2001 hindered the continuation of activities.

Coordination

Objective 1: To further the integrated approach to building by focusing on achieving the among programmes necessary to the actions, organization, and social of the respective National Societies and the as a whole.

Achievements: The regional continued to hold regular coordination meetings for all Santo delegates, and bimonthly meetings for all delegates in the region, to ensure of programmes. Bilateral PNS programme also attended these The debate on the RAS at the CRCBM in June clearly demonstrated the value of from all stakeholders in the capacity-building

Objective 2: To align the programmes of the Domingo regional delegation closely with the three directions of Strategy 2010.

The RAS document drafted by the regional in April 2001 and debated and at the CRCBM the following month closely the three strategic and four core areas of 2010, and formed the basis for the appeal for the period 2002-2003.

3: To build on existing team-spirit and to achieve full commitment to objectives, the integrated programme and Strategy 2010.

Achievements: imperatives guided the regional in the production of the BAS, and are reflected in its and in its endorsement by the National Societies at the in June 2001.

Management

1: To ensure cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness of delegation activities, services and particularly through the sharing of with the Guatemala regional

Achievements: The regional delegation the number of delegates deployed in the from 10 to 7 during the course of the Use was made of resources within the (under the CABAN programme), of and of trainee delegates. Collaboration the Guatemala regional delegation and PADRU was strengthened, through a of visits and coordination meetings in July, November, and December. resources were called on and by the regional delegation at the time of the Iris and Michelle operations in and November 2001. Discussions advanced during the year on the of further integration of Caribbean and American programmes. Implementation of is expected during 2002.

2: To develop further the technical and society branch counterparts’ in fund-raising and effective budget of programme expenditures.

Achievements: July 2001 until the end of the a finance/administration delegate (FAD) was to the regional delegation, and trained and staff in financial management The FAD visited Belize in November to ensure financial management of the Iris operation in accordance Federation standards. (See information in the section on Institutional and Development).

Objective 3: To ensure compliance of the regional delegations and branches’ activities with policies, guidelines, and procedures.

All activities undertaken by the regional are judged against the standard of policies and guidelines, and any apparent is reported by delegates to the HoRD for action. The RAS was drafted in strict with the guidelines of Strategy

Objective 4: To improve the reporting of the Caribbean Red Cross.

Achievements: The delegation continues to work with the Caribbean National to improve their reporting By the end of 2001, all outstanding reporting on operations was complete.

Conclusions

2001 the Caribbean regional faced numerous challenges, the necessity of completing outstanding from earlier programmes, preparing a regional assistance in consultation with all major reducing costs to meet constraints, and dealing with two natural disasters in the region the hurricane season. This was not a task, but it was successfully carried The regional delegation continued to appreciated inputs to National capacities in the area of organizational and disaster preparedness, while to the growing regional Red Cross confronting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the An important start was also in promoting respect for humanitarian and the Fundamental Principles of the Movement, and with other Federation in the Americas, and with ICRC, was

Needs in the Caribbean remain — more so since the has been impacted by the global and the aftermath of the terrorist attacks in the States. During 2002 the delegation will continue to with National Societies and in the region to address the core and strategic directions of the Federation’s 2010, increasingly utilizing and resources from within the itself.

For further details contact: Leon Prop, 41 22 730 4258; Fax: 41 22 733 03 95; email:

All International Federation Operations to adhere to the Code of Conduct and are to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum in Disaster Response (SPHERE in delivering assistance to the most

www.ifrc.org .

John Horekens

Management Department

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