Do diesels have a future? Journey to Forever — Volkswagen Lupo 3L TDI

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Volkswagen Lupo 3L TDI

Do diesels have a future?

An diesel — the notorious 350 cubic inch GM diesel gave diesels a bad name in the US.

the dirty diesels be scrapped and for all in favour of cleaner technologies? are those who think so, especially in the US but maybe they just been paying attention. no such confusion in Europe, for

Diesel engines power 37% of all new sold in Europe (62% in with the share predicted to to 45% by 2005 — but fewer 1% of new American cars have engines.

One reason is the poor of diesel fuel sold in the US. A report on fuel lubricity found that diesel sold in the US and Canada is some of the quality fuel in the world. 50% of the US fuel was found to be below the recommended by equipment manufacturers.

Big Oil has it’s feet in cleaning up fuel in the US. Europe started cleaner, low-sulfur diesel in 1990; the US plans to follow in And the new generation of clean diesels can’t meet the US emissions on the dirty US fuel, or they even use it. But they run just on biodiesel, with very low

For a possible view of the future, we to look to the past. The Elsbett — the 3-cylinder SVO (Straight Oil) diesel motor by the late Ludwig Elsbett, was a advanced true multifuel and the forerunner of all DI diesels made Details:


detail (in German):

News about a Mercedes fitted the amazing Elsbett engine graphic file).

Diesel development is advancing very with tremendous improvements in economy, performance and emissions but not, as yet, in the direction of multifuel motors that can run on diesel fuel, biodiesel, or any combinatioin of the three without and under full manufacturer’s This is what the fast-growing biofuels community is pushing

Meanwhile, there are signs of in increasing use of diesels in the US:

Panel EPA no technical problems getting out of diesel fuel — Associated Press, October 30, There are no technical problems should prevent refiners producing nearly sulfur-free by 2006 when new requirements for the fuel go into effect, an panel told the Environmental Agency. The report by an independent panel, whose members both oil industry representatives and advocates, concluded there are no impediments to refineries reducing the of sulfur in diesel from the 500 parts per million to 15 parts per


Clean-Air of California Shifts to Accept Engines — In Controversial Regulator Sees Diesel as in Global-Warming Fight — The Street Journal, October 24, For years, Alan Lloyd has diesel as a dirty word, with brown haze and black soot. It’s a he has shared with environmental across the U.S. But in a striking of heart that could the kinds of cars and trucks drive, the chairman of the powerful Air Resources Board is taking a new at diesel vehicles. He thinks poised to emerge as part of the to a different environmental problem gaining more attention in the global warming. Here, engines are the greener option they don’t pump out as so-called greenhouse gas as gasoline do. Dr. Lloyd says he has concluded a new generation of high-tech diesels for Europe bear little to the smoke-spewers that Americans from the 1970s and 1980s.

See Diesels in the US

First Test: Ford Focus Tdci; Pocket-rocket — Motor (August 2002): Ford’s turbo-powered Focus isn’t in the United States. That change. Oil-burning Foci this one — borrowed Ford’s Scientific Research in Dearborn, Michigan — been wowing Europeans for a Future California emission for particulates and oxides of nitrogen are stiff problems for the lab types. say they have catalysts and solutions that’ll work, but if the sulfur content in U.S.-spec fuel is substantially reduced.

There is no argument anywhere in the industry that more diesel fuels are needed to bring cleaner, advanced, diesel engines to market in the States. — The Debate Diesel , by Warren Brown, Post, September 6, 2002


The Opel Eco-Speedster car prototype: The 1.3-litre Ecotec engine produces 112 hp, giving the car a speed of more than 155 and fuel consumption of 94 mpg (US), 2.5 per 100 km.



to studies by both J.D. and Associates and the Diesel Technology roughly one third of Americans consider a clean diesel, if the option, says Kurt CEO of the Robert Bosch Corporation. He by increasing diesel market from one to 40%, the US will $9 billion annual savings in oil average fuel economy of 28 per gallon (CAFE); greater from foreign oil sources; and 5 metric ton decline in annual gas emissions. — Diesels Are Why Aren’t We?

See: Diesel as a ready for use energy saving — by Hakan Falk at Saving Now .

Super Diesels! . Auto World, September 1,


European have recognized the environmental of diesel, and have allowed new vehicles to prove themselves as quiet and powerful alternatives. In growth in the market share of diesels would vastly fuel consumption, foreign oil and greenhouse-gas emissions. Most in the auto industry — in the US and — are beginning to wonder if we, and the Bush Administration, do indeed our priorities in order. With all considered — including performance — if the US ignores diesels in favor of its current with HEV technology, we probably backing the right horse.

. PSA Citroen has in production for the 607 HDI a silicon honeycomb filter that particulate matter for between 200 and 300 (480 km), then the particulates are oxidized by injecting a amount of fuel and a rare-earth-derived called Eolys to superheat the and burn off the particulates. The Eolys holds 1.3 gallons (5L) and refilling every 50,000 (80,000 km) or so. It is claimed to eliminate 95% of emissions.

Volkswagen AG is working on a ‘engine-based’ approach leveraging chemical and catalytic reactions to the near-zero particulate emissions. And and automaker RD operations are running to perfect prototype NOx-reduction like Toyota’s promising Particulate-NOx Reduction (DPNR) which also employs chemical/catalytic processes to scrub out the vestiges of diesel emissions (6,500-word article)

Diesel could help US beat crunch if feds wake up Diesel engines, the hottest trend in Europe, are being out of existence in the United States. Detroit News, 22 May,

Diesel will drive the Century . says biodiesel producer Southern States Co . reporting a worldwide change petrol engines to much efficient diesels. The near-term of transportation will be defined by new technology.

World’s Fastest Pickup And It’s A Diesel! Gale Sidewinder pickup passed the speed traps of the Bonneville Flats at 222.139 mph on Oct. 19, Banks’s Dodge Dakota is by a modified 2003 5.9-liter turbodiesel straight Six that 735 hp and more than 1300 of torque.


Banks Engineering in Azusa,


DieselNet’s Emissions Online says the engine is the most efficient plant among all known of internal combustion engines, and the clean diesel engine of the

Leading the way: Volkswagen Concept — Hamburg, the world’s first 1-liter car less than 1 litre per 100 km, 239 About the weight of a touring (290 kg, 639 lb), the 1L seats has a single-cylinder 299cc diesel SDI and does 120 kph — 74 mph. narrow and low-slung, it’s a car that’s fun to drive. It was designed in a and has the same standards of impact and protection as a GT racing car. VW it’s suitable for everyday use and is an indication of a totally new family of The one-cylinder SDI engine has a 6-hole jet and pre-injection, two overhead camshafts and valves, and high-tech lightweight weighing only 38 kg (84 lbs) the starter-alternator.

VW to relaunch ‘one-litre’ eco car . CAR 30 June 2008 — heading for production in 2010, two ahead of schedule, as a 2-cylinder hybrid.

The diesel-powered Volkswagen 3L TDi is one of the most fuel-efficient cars in the It’s called the 3L because its fuel consumption is below litres per 100 km — 94.1 per gallon. In 2000 a Lupo 3L on a globe-trot. It covered 20,699 at an average speed of 53.1 mph on journeys of between 76 and 478 miles and only 174.7 gallons of — an average of 118 miles to the The best fuel consumption was 141.9 mpg, the worst mpg. The Lupo 3L TDi is powered by a 61bhp three-cylinder diesel with direct fuel See Volkswagen Lupo’s record in Australia:


3L TDi Back In Wolfsburg:

The Lupo broke the round-Britain economy previously held by a standard Daihatsu Charade diesel at 103 Volkswagen engineers are working on a motor that could go 300 on only one gallon of fuel.

4-cyl. Golf GTI TDI 150 diesel away a lot of sporting cars, by the most satisfying aspect of performance — torque. torque than a V-6 Jaguar. have torque in spades. The TDI 150 40 mpg (5.9 L/100 km) and goes 0-to-62 mph (100-km/h) in 8.5 seconds. power stormed from 14% of new-car sales in 1990 to 33% year, and they’re expected to hit 50% by (From Super Diesels!, Auto World, September 1,

It Gets 78 Miles a Gallon, but Snubs Diesel . New York Frankfurt, May 26, 2001 — To by the mileage it can get, the Audi A2 like just the kind of hybrid-fuel car that President would want to promote his new energy plan. The sporty new compact has a top speed of 100 miles an It can travel 78 miles on a single of fuel and emits fewer gases than almost any vehicle on the market. Yet the A2 has at its core a that generates scorn in the States: the diesel engine. engines powered 32.3 or nearly one-third, of all new cars in Europe last year, with 21.7 percent in Analysts predict the share rise to at least 40 percent by The contrast with the United could not be more stark. than 1 percent of new American have diesel engines.

More Focus on Diesel . Bee, June 1, 2001 In Europe, one of every three new sold today is powered by diesel technology and in the premium and categories, over 70% are clean But in the US, light-duty diesels account for about 0.26% of all new cars with only slightly figures in the light-duty truck It’s completely understandable why diesel technology has such a acceptance in Europe — the provide more power, are fuel efficient, are more are extremely responsive with torque, and have 30-60% greenhouse gas emissions.

Sacramento Bee

for Diesels: The European Experience Harnessing Diesel Innovation for Vehicle Fuel Efficiency and Objectives . Diesel Technology (Acrobat file)

GM pushes diesel revival Automakers say new engines are cleaner, fuel efficient. — News, 21 May, 2001

Engines Get Spotlight in Fuel-Efficiency — New York Times, 12, 2001

Automakers see potential in . Detroit Free Press, 5, 2002 — The diesel may have gone out of favor the U.S. public in the early but automakers, faced with regulatory demands for fuel are trying to bring it back in The 2002 Society of Automotive World Congress was the scene of a for the inclusion of diesel technology in the of fuel economy and the future of the industry. Modern diesel can answer many of the needs of our said Nick Scheele, operating officer at Ford Co.

The US government/industry collaboration Partnership for a New of Vehicles (PNGV), launched in was intended to reduce carbon emissions by developing ultra-clean, 80 (34 km/litre) hypercars without comfort, safety or performance, on cleaner and more efficient engines.

Dodge ESX3

stylish Dodge ESX3 diesel-electric hybrid, part of the program, combined a direct-injection with an electric motor and an battery to achieve 72 miles per (30 km/litre). The 5-seater body was of thermoplastic — the same plastic used to make bottles. Carbon dioxide were 56% lower than a petrol engine, with 50% particulate matter than a diesel and 70% less nitrogen Range was 420 miles (672 Unlike totally electric hybrids have unlimited range and never need to be in for recharging. See DaimlerChrysler unveils car :

Ford’s bid for the car of the future was the P2000 5-seater sedan, an ultra-light hybrid that boosted economy to 63 miles per gallon (27 and was expected to qualify as an ultra low vehicle. Part of the PNGV The 1.2 litre, direct injection DIATA engine was 35% more than an equivalent petrol Extremely fuel-efficient, and A giant toward the production of lightweight, responsible vehicles with economy and emissions levels. See Hybrid Electric Vehicle is on :

The costs of the new hypercars came down from that of the prototypes, but were still than production models. of the Dodge ESX3 PNGV hybrid was down to about by early 2000. See Super-High-Mileage Car a Concept, For Now . Washington Post, 17, 2001:

Early in 2002 the program was axed by the Bush to be replaced with the FreedomCAR focusing on hydrogen fuel-cells not expected to produce tangible for a decade or more. See Driving In New Fuel-Efficiency Initiative Is More PR Progress :

Fool Cells — How Plays Americans For A Bunch Of

See also the Mokhiber-Weissman review of Doyle’s book, Taken for a Detroit’s Big Three and the Politics of :

Technology developments arising the PNGV program, largely for by US taxpayers, seem to have All told, of the 129 technology achievements and arising from the Precept 47 of them are global industry and about 75 percent have sort of potential core application. Nearly 40 of those and innovations are in the propulsion system said GM at the time. Shelved, Americans buy Insights and Prius’s Japan instead, and US fuel hasn’t improved in more 20 years. See: A Tale of Two . by David Morris

It’s An . EV World, March 3, 2002 Who said you can’t build a hybrid with 20 miles ZEV Not the team at San Diego State A remarkable story of ingenuity, and determination that lead to the of San Diego State University’s 80 mpg diesel-electric hybrid sports running on biodiesel.

San Diego University College of Engineering Electric Vehicle Team:


JetCar Version 2.5 The latest upgrade of the tandem, two JetCar from Germany like a fighter but acts a sailplane, sipping 2.1L/100 km of fuel.


In and English:

Next-generation ultra-clean engine — Pointing the Way to the of the Automobile: This Isuzu more than clears domestic and international diesel exhaust emission standards, this low-emissions powerplant in the class as future eco-friendly engines. This translates a dramatic, simultaneous reduction of matter (PM) and nitrogen (NOx). The DPF and NOx catalytic after assures even further in emissions to alleviate environmental

The BMW Alpina D10 Biturbo is claimed to be the production diesel in the world the best acceleration — top is 254 km/h (touring: 251 km/h) or 159 mph 157 mph).


March of Economical Diesels Is . Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 13, 2002 — Diesel have become fashionable thanks to the dedicated progress on direct injection, are now outstripping engines in the high-tech stakes. have also become in the luxury segment, enjoying popularity among men and women


Peugeot to gain green edge . The February 20, 2002 — PSA Citroën, Europe’s second motor manufacturer, is hoping to a march on rivals by bringing in the diesel engines. The cars be introduced to the British and European next year — two before the stringent new regulations on known as Euro IV are due to become This will mean offers a real alternative to as it removes any lingering concerns particulate issues and capitalises on the consumption and CO2 emission benefits of technology, said Al Clarke of the of Motor Manufacturers and Traders.

1.4 HDi 206 . You would never know it was a said a British reviewer. was no smoke or rattle, just performance and a slick gear and most incredibly of all, a low consumption of 73.3 mpg.

The V6 S-Type Jaguar . due for the showrooms in has a premium-class 2.7-litre V6 common-rail diesel engine developed by Peugeot-Citroen to challenge BMW, and Audi. The new V6 is the industry-first engine using compacted graphite (CGI) technology instead of the cast iron block. and Citroen models (including the 807 and C8) follow, and probably Land and Volvo.

IEA Study Sees Clean-diesel As Rational Urban Transportation — World Fuels (August 19, 2002) Harrisburg, PA: The Energy Agency (IEA) month will release a new Bus Systems for the Future, recommending a rational approach to urban and emissions reduction. Clean-diesel a high rating. Rather pushing high-cost, knee-jerk such as compressed natural gas buses or high-cost Metro as the supposedly green universal to urban transport problems, exhaustive study instead that cities should a more cost-effective ‘technology approach to solving clean transport problems. The study note of the side-by-side cost done by big transit agencies lots of real world such as Los Angeles, New York and These agencies all find clean-diesel is far more cost-effective CNG.

Bus Systems for the Future, Sustainable Transport Worldwide 188 pp. (61 02 1 P1) 92-64-19806-7, Price $US 100 ¤ 110

Martin’s revolutionary HybriDrive hybrid engine for heavy-duty — including urban and army trucks — emissions and fuel consumption. It faster and smoother and runs than a conventional diesel. system is capable of significantly emissions, while improving and reducing maintenance costs.

The US Army’s hybrid diesel-electric Humvee moves silently, much less fuel its conventional diesel predecessor and like a sports car.

The has four 100 hp UQM Technologies permanent motors to provide power to wheel and a fifth as a generator on the powerplant. It has twice the acceleration and capability of a conventionally powered And, like a tank, it can around in place by having one or wheels turn in different

General Motors will a full-size pickup truck a hybrid powertrain beginning in GM full-size hybrid pickup versions of the popular Chevrolet and GMC Sierra, will deliver top with nearly 15% better economy. GM and its Allison Transmission will begin delivery year of a hybrid powertrain for buses. The hybrid bus powertrain was and developed by GM Allison Transmission based in Indianapolis. The GM Allison will offer 50% better economy compared with a diesel-engine transit bus. The also will cut nitrogen emissions by 50%, while particulate, hydrocarbon and carbon emissions by 90%, when with low-sulfur fuel or, better, with biodiesel.

Diesel Technology Vehicles EPA Rule For Cleaner Diesel And Buses — International and Corporation, July 27, 2001: EPA Administrator Linda Fisher recognized the recent certification of Truck and Engine Corporation for its Diesel Technology school to be used in California. With certification the corporation has demonstrated it is possible to meet the heavy-duty particulate emission standards in advance of the 2007 model requirements.

The General Motors is a lightweight and fuel-efficient engine signals a new era in light truck The turbocharged 6.7-liter engine, the most powerful diesel, 300 horsepower and 520 pound-feet of torque, makes towing a cinch. The engine runs so smoothly it’s nearly free of clatter. It is available in the new Chevrolet and GMC Sierra 3500-series pickups.


Isuzu Motors launch a small hybrid in 2002. The truck, a two-ton model based on the Isuzu will be powered by an electric and a diesel engine. By using a system, Isuzu hopes to emissions, particularly carbon and increase fuel-efficiency. Isuzu share the hybrid technology General Motors, which a 49% stake in Isuzu.

BMW to buy Toyota engines — September 14, 2001: German carmaker BMW has reached a basic with Toyota Motor to buy up to 30,000 diesel engines a from Japan’s biggest

Isuzu to make diesel for Renault — Tokyo, 30, 2001: Japan’s Isuzu Ltd will supply French Renault SA with three-litre fuel injection diesel from the start of next Renault confirmed that it outsource production of the engines for use in its luxury cars due out around the end of the Isuzu would supply 10,000 and 20,000 engines a for use in Renault’s luxury car, on its expertise in the use of aluminium parts to the three-litre engines lighter and efficient.

Daimler, Mitsubishi to eco-friendly engines — August 8, 2001: Auto DaimlerChrysler and its Japanese partner Motors Corp will develop environmentally friendly engines for medium-sized to large DaimlerChrysler aims to cut costs and time in developing diesel to meet tightening global standards. Together, the two companies 370,000 buses and trucks year, the most in the world. The could also include Korea’s Hyundai Motors.

See Diesel motorbikes

Old diesels

But about the millions of existing diesel vehicles that the world’s transport fleets? them to the clean, new technology be a slow and costly process and meanwhile they’ll continue clouds of poisons from exhausts.

But diesels are by far the most and efficient engines, and the world’s industries rely on them. the diesels would raise the of just about everything and everyone’s life tougher.

is where biodiesel and other fuels have a role to — biodiesel can cut diesel now, at no extra cost, and having to do anything except put it in the

US biodiesel producer Southern Power Co (SSPC) demonstrated to Mexico’s EPA in January 1999 an aging 1972 diesel that belched black — typical of the many old trucks in Mexico City. the biodiesel fuel reached the the exhaust became clear no black smoke. The results nearly identical to results by the US federal government using blends of soybean oil and regular fuel.

Meanwhile, the Environmental Agency in the US plans to lower the levels in diesel fuel the current 500 parts per million to less than 15 ppm. But will destroy the lubricity of the — important in diesel because diesel engine are lubricated by the fuel itself. the newest motors will be to use the new ultra-low-sulfur fuel. This is an for biodiesel, says executive of the US National Biodiesel Board Joe Biodiesel is an excellent lubricity Adding one percent biodiesel the lubricity up to 65 percent. And biodiesel no sulfur. See Biodiesel Development — Biodiesel: Cost Lubricity Enhancer:


engines today are 500% than they were 20 years ago.— Chrysler


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