The History of AUDI 80 — Volkswagen Passat B2

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Volkswagen Passat B2

The History Of AUDI 80

This is about the Audi 80, which information about the Audi 90, 4000 and Audi 5+5. For information on the Audi 4000CS see Audi 4000CS quattro.

The 80 is a compact executive car produced by the car manufacturer Audi, from to 1996. It initially shared its with the Volkswagen Passat, and was as a saloon car/sedan and an Avant name for an estate car/station The coupé and convertible models not badged as members of the range but the same platform and many

There were several engine types, of which the engines included the fuel-injected E and carburetor S, and the diesel engines D (diesel), TD (turbodiesel), or TDI (Turbocharged Injection).

In North America, the 80 was briefly as the Audi Fox and from to 1987 as the Audi 4000.

The 90 was an upmarket version of the Audi 80.

The F103 series, based on the DKW and sold between 1965 and were named for their ratings. From 1966 to the series included an Audi 80

This model debuted in in 1972 as the Audi 80 and in 1973 in the States as the Audi Fox, and was as either a 2-door or a 4-door It effectively took the place of models that Audi had (the F103 series, included the first model as an Audi 80), and provided the with a viable rival to the Ascona and the Ford Taunus.

The 80 was first equipped with 1.3 and SOHC I4 engines rated at (40kW) to 85PS (63kW). On the market, two- and four- saloons were available in trim (55 or 75PS (55kW), simply Audi 80 and 80 S, respectively), as L (LS with 75PS (55kW) or as a more luxurious GL (85PS In 1973 Audi added the 80 GT (two-door only) featuring a 1.6 litre engine rated at (74kW).

The 80 had a MacPherson strut suspension and a dead rear supported by coil springs, arms and a Panhard rod.1

A in autumn 1976 brought a revised front end in the style of the introduced Audi 100 C2 with instead of round headlights, 1.6 of 1.5 litre engines (still of and a new 80 GTE model with a fuel-injected of the 1.6 liter (110PS (81kW)) the former 80 GT.

The Fox had a 1.5L engine at 55hp (41kW) attached to a manual transmission. Subsequent came with 1.6L rated at 83hp (62kW)2

In markets a 5-door estate variant was offered — effectively a Volkswagen Passat with front panels. The B1 platform was from the European market in although it was sold into the model year in North

Audi redesigned the 80 on the B2 (Type 81) in 1978 (as a 1979 model) in and in 1979 (as a 1980 model) in America. Audi continued to use the 80 in Europe, but began badging it as the in North America. The body of the B2 80 was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro. it was usually ordered as a four-door, a number of two-door 80s were No Avant variant was available, as the Passat filled that

In Europe, the 80 was the standard model, later on the Audi 90 was launched as a version of the 80, with more and, aside from the (55kW), four-cylinder turbo engine which was also for the 80, two five-cylinder in-line petrol — a 115PS (85kW) and the 136PS 2.2, which was later into a 2.3. European had two headlamp casings, while American models generally had headlamps.[citation needed]

The B2 platform to be both quite versatile and profitable; many components shared to or borrowed from the Coupé, Audi Quattro and Sport Quattro, which in the helped to cement the company the public eye after their permanent four-wheel drive proved useful in various of racing.

The saloons were until late 1986 in and 1987 abroad, and the B2-based Coupé lasted through to (as an early 1989 model) being changed. The Coupé many components, and its basic shape, with the original Quattro.

For the 1984 model Audi gave the B2 a subtle with tail lights the ones of the Type 44 Audi 100 and front and rear bumpers and

In 1983 the 80 Sport was introduced in the UK, on the GTE. It came with Ronal alloys, rubber spoiler, deep chin striped charcoal Recaro and optional body graphics full-length Audi Sport A special commemorative-edition version, the 4000CS quattro, was made for the 1986, and 1987 model

The Audi 5+5 was launched on to the Australian in October 1981. Described as a Australian Special” it was essentially an 80 B2 door sedan with the five cylinder engine.

In 1986, Audi released a new 80 for the model year on the European it was introduced elsewhere about a later. It was based on the new B3 platform broke the relationship with the B-series platforms, not being the as the Passat’s B3 platform). Although called the B3 even among Audi enthusiasts, the official and nomenclature was its production code 89. It introduced a new aerodynamic look and a bodyshell. This was the first car to feature a fully zinc-coated giving it longevity and durability corrosion perforation.[citation needed] protective shield proved to be so that Audi extended its perforation warranty, which early pre-production was expected to be for only 8 years, from the offered 10 years to 12 years; still uses zinc for current steel-bodied models.

Unlike its predecessor, the B3 was marketed as Audi 80 or Audi 90. For the most Audi transferred existing concepts to the new model, although injection was now available for some A range of new petrol and diesel engines became available to customers and the 5-cylinder Audi 90 was as an upmarket, more luxurious of the standard model, much earlier during the B2 (Type 81) For all versions, the procon-ten safety was now available. The 90 differs visually by the width tail-light panel / plate surround, and by its headlights featured additional high-beam The front grille was also different. The indicators are also in the next to a wider fog light that of an 80. The 90 also featured the 20v engine from Audi the turbo engine used in the Sport Quattro. This produced 170PS (130kW).

The Kingdom and Europe had similar the Volkswagen Audi Group (later re-named Volkswagen wanted to ensure consistency all markets, so the trim levels similar. However, in North the range was more limited: a of 2.3E and 2.3 quattro were from 1988 to 1992.

the 80 came with the following range, although not all of these available outside Germany:

The 90 was a five-cylinder only car, and with four different

2.0E — 115PS five-cylinder petrol engine

— 136PS (100kW), petrol engine

2.3E 20V 170PS (130kW), 20-valve, petrol engine (with converter)

With the 1988 year, a new 2-door Coupé was in Europe, basically a B3 sedan a shortened wheelbase and a modified end. It came with the (85kW) 2.0E as well as the two engines. It later served as a for the B4 Coupé and Cabriolet. These dropped the 80 appendage and were known as Audi Coupé and Cabriolet. Because of the heavy involved in the cabriolet version, model was essentially carried on the year 2000, long the other B3 models had been by B4 versions.

In 1989, for the 1990 year, North America the Coupé quattro and 90 quattro that all were powered by a 164hp (122kW) of the 20V 2.3L engine. These cars considered to be in the Grand Tourismo of a comfortable luxury car with tendencies, as opposed to a dedicated sports car. Weighing 3042 lb (1990 sedan to 3308 lb (1991 Coupé these cars were not especially in consideration of the 164hp powerplant. These models can be by their distinctive wheels quattros had 15 5-star Speedline sedan quattros had 14 BBS Mesh or the 15 Speedlines). They differed regular 80/90 models in ways. Notable differences their standard leather with Zebrano wood additional VDO gauges mounted in the of the center console, a carbon centre drive shaft, and locking rear differential. The Quattro is visually similar to the S2 model, but does not have S2’s turbocharged engine.

The final B3 80s and 90s were sold as models in North America; in all B3s were discontinued at the end of the 1991 year to give way to the B4 series; a few 90 Sport quattro with the 20V engine are, however, to have come off the assembly as late as early 1992.


Audi developed a sports of the 80 / 90 in 1991, based on the B4 platform the Audi S2. This featured a 2.2 five cylinder 20-valve petrol engine derived that used in the Sport A similar version of the engine was in the Audi 200 20v and the Audi 100 based S4 ‘Ur-S4’). It came as standard quattro permanent four drive, and featured a heavy-duty transmission, initially 5-speed, and upgraded to a 6-speed for 1993.

The S2 was initially available only as a sports coupé, but later, in a 5-door S2 Avant model was along with a limited run of S2 saloon models, of which 306 produced. The S2 saloon and Avant are on the B4 platform and feature a lot similarities in the axle support system to the B5 A4 quattro. The B4 platform S2 Avant was used between 1993 and as the basis for Audi’s RS2 Avant estate, which was modified for by Porsche.

The S2 was initially available a 2.2L turbocharged engine produced 220PS (162kW; with later models 230PS (169kW; 227bhp). It do 0-100km/h (62mph) in 5.8 seconds, to a top speed of 246km/h (152.9mph). The S2 reaches 100km/h (62mph) in 6.1 and has a top speed of 242km/h (150.4mph).

The B3 a major facelift for the 1992 year in 1991. It was from on known internally as the B4 (or Typ 8C). from the B3 included a longer a fully redesigned petrol and rear axle to enable the use of seats, 15 wheels and more wheel arches, redesigned and rear and front bumpers as as higher-quality materials for the interior. The grille was merged with the and given a bolder look.

The B4 marked the beginning of Audi’s into the German luxury vehicle segment, which then was clearly dominated by and BMW. On the European market and in in particular, the B4 and its variants were successful and popular.

In Europe, the 90 name was discontinued and all were badged as 80, regardless of engine they had. of America went the opposite and began selling the saloon as the 90. B4s for the market typically offered luxury even in the standard such as automatic transmission, control, air conditioning and leather all of which were merely at additional cost on European

Due to DOT specifications regarding headlamp and safety designs, the front of the B4 had to be redesigned for vehicles sold in America. Most importantly, the bumper had to be designed to accommodate absorbers which were not in Europe; as a result of these constraints, the North American of the B4, unlike European V6 models, had no H1/H4 headlamps, the indicator (which unlike in Europe had to be were placed next to the and not in the bumper, and the foglamps were smaller and moved down to the of the bumper air duct.

European cars were now available a selection of 4-cylinder engines as as the familiar I5 and two different new V6 (2.6 and the latter 2.8 V6 was the only engine for vehicles sold in North As another first, Audi a new high-torque, direct-injection, turbocharged engine, the 90-hp 1.9 TDI. The 1.8 litre petrol engine of the B3 was a two-litre, 90-hp, 4-cylinder engine, a variation of the previously 113-hp 2.0E engine, was now for the base model.

Altogether, some layouts were not everywhere outside Germany, offered the following engine for the 80/90 B4:

1.6 — 101PS four-cylinder petrol engine

1.8 E 20V 125PS (123hp/92kW), four-cylinder engine

2.0 — 90PS four-cylinder petrol engine model in Germany)

2.0 E — (113hp/85kW), four-cylinder petrol

2.0 E 16V — 140PS (138hp/103kW), four-cylinder petrol engine

2.3 E 10V 133PS (131hp/98kW), 10-valve, petrol engine

2.6 E — (148hp/110kW), V6 petrol engine

Volkswagen Passat B2

2.8 E 174PS (172hp/128kW), V6 petrol

S2 — 230PS (227hp/169kW), 20-valve turbocharged five-cylinder engine

Avant RS2 — (311hp/232kW), 2.2L, 20-valve five-cylinder petrol engine

1.9 TD 75PS (74hp/55kW), four-cylinder diesel engine

1.9 TDI — (89hp/66kW), four-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine (with

All petrol versions could be with quattro permanent at the time, however, it could be combined with a 5-speed transmission. Additionally, Audi about 2500 units of the Competition for the German and European It was a street homologation of the B4-based Tourenwagen Cup (STW) race car with all-wheel drive and a 140-hp, 16-valve, two-litre engine. The power train had its in the two-litre, four-cylinder inline that most European 80s were equipped with at the On the outside, the Quattro Competition the same bumpers as the S2, V6 headlights, and a wing mounted on the bootlid. with the S2 and the RS2, the Quattro has become an increasingly rare and sought-after collector’s item.

Together with the sedan, produced a B4-based estate, the 80 Avant, and a convertible, the Audi which was largely based on the meaning that Audi now had coupé, cabriolet, and estate of the 80 available to European customers. the North American market, Audi only sold during the 1990 1991 years, and the station wagon was officially available). The Cabriolet was first soft-top. Initially with the 2.3litre 5-cylinder a 2.0litre 4-cylinder and then V6 were offered later. engineered to retain the structural of the coupé (with which it sports suspension), its screen was to preclude the need for a roll-over

As of the 1994 model year, a edition model, known as was introduced on the European market. It be ordered both as a sedan and a wagon. It was factory-equipped with mirrors, alloy wheels, seat headrests, an airbag wheel and offered a choice power sunroof or air conditioning. It in five different special For regular 1994 B4 sedans and wagons, standard features as as options available were up too, including an airbag wheel and redesigned door (standard), and passenger airbags and a engine immobilizer (optional).

The B4 was discontinued at the end of the 1994 model (although a number of European are known to have been registered as late as early in North America, sales into 1995 as well). and Coupé followed suit in The Cabriolet, however, was carried on 2000. As of the 1998 model it underwent a few minor yet visible in its European version, such as redesigned bumpers and instrument projection lens headlights and options available. In addition to facelift, a special edition was for the European market under the Sunline. Among other it was equipped with all leather air conditioning, 16-inch alloy a power soft-top and a leather wheel.

Both the Coupé and the were effectively replaced by the TT coupé and roadster, sold 1998 and 2006. The B4 platform was replaced by the Audi A4 for the 1995 year (1996 in North followed by a new A4 Avant later in A mid-sized convertible was not available until 2002, when the A4 was introduced. Audi has released a new coupé for the 2008 model which is now known as the A5.

Audi RS2 Avant

Main Audi RS2 Avant

The Audi RS2 is fitted with a similar turbocharged engine to the S2, but producing (311hp/232kW). Reaching 100km/h in just 4.8 seconds, it has a top speed of (163mph). The Audi RS2 was generally available as an Avant, although 4-door saloon models officially produced by the factory, one for the chief of the RS2 development programme. The RS2 was at partially assembled at Porsche’s plant in Zuffenhausen. Prior to the RS2, the Porsche Zuffenhausen line was busy producing the W124 bodystyle Mercedes-Benz The RS2/Porsche link is further by the RS2’s dual circuit braking system (wearing branded Brembo calipers), alloy wheels which identical in design to the Porsche 911 wheels of that era, and view mirrors are also from the Porsche 911 Turbo. the word PORSCHE is inscribed in the RS2 emblems affixed to the trunk and grille, and on the engine’s inlet Porsche modified the Avant S2 optics, added more better brakes, bigger bars to front and rear, tuned the interior and a super-sports was born. Porsche’s involvement in the was on the strict understanding that a model would not be produced as was felt to be too close to Porsche’s own

Audi assigned its individual typ numbers, in addition to the primary B codes:

F103 — 80 (1966–1969)

Typ 80 — B1; Audi 80

Typ 82/33 — B1; Audi 80

Typ 81 — B2; Audi 80/90 in US) (1979–1987)

Typ 85 — B2; Audi (1981–1987); Audi 4000 (1981-1987); Audi Quattro Audi 4000 quattro Audi Sport Quattro

Typ 89/8A — B3; Audi (1987–1992)

Typ 89Q — B3; Audi quattro (1987–1992)

Typ 8B — B3; Coupé (1989–1996); Audi S2

Typ 8C — B4; Audi 80 (1992–1995); RS2 Avant (1994-1996)

Typ 8G — B4; Cabriolet (1991–2000)

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