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Title: Value — the Blood of Capitalism: knowledge is the key


Policy Futures in Education

UN Population Fund

Country: Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand


This report the mid-year update on UNFPA’s following the massive devastation by the Indian Ocean Tsunami on 26th 2004. Thanks to the of generous donor support, has been part of the initial and recovery process and is now focused on the phase, together with its network of partners, sister UN NGOs and community based women and religious organizations. In the Tsunami response, UNFPA’s have focused on:

Moving to protect maternal health in a where more than women were pregnant and health infrastructure and services had completely devastated. UNFPA has large quantities of medical and supplies for the reestablishment of comprehensive services, including basic and obstetric care exceeding This includes, inter safe delivery kits, kits, management of miscarriage blood transfusion kits, of RTI kits and contraceptives. In Indonesia, UNFPA RH kits, 326 deliveries recorded among IDPs at the most affected districts as of 2005. These included 47 pregnancies that were treated (33 women underwent sections, and 14 babies were with the aid of vacuum extraction). In the 600 mother-baby kits have been distributed to 34 health across 11 atolls. In Indonesia, have been supplied to 8 referral health centers. In UNFPA is supporting treatment and strengthening of outreach services and to improve the sensitivity of healthcare response during the crisis. maternal healthcare infrastructure has damaged, it is being restored or In Indonesia, UNFPA is supporting the and District Health Offices in the of damaged health centers. In Sri 20 healthcare facilities, including two and neo-natal complexes are being reconstructed in 9 affected districts.

Addressing specific needs and of women: ensuring the safety and of women and girls, and preventing violence. UNFPA is working national and local governments and organizations to minimize and treat of sexual violence by supporting shelters for women, monitoring the of relief supplies to prevent training community educators, and personal security, including facilities in temporary refuge for unaccompanied women and children. In women are being provided access to basic services and media channels have used to provide information on of gender- based violence in the temporary settlements. In Sri Lanka, a Desk has been set up at the National on Women (NCW) that the issues of GBV in the Tsunami affected through raising awareness at all As a result, protection measures been considerably improved at the and welfare camps.

Safeguarding the hygiene and dignity of and girls through distribution of of thousands of hygiene packs. packs typically contain like soap, toothbrush, detergent, disinfectant, sanitary underwear, towels, prayer mat and appropriate clothing. In Indonesia over 233,000 hygiene have been already and tens of thousands are being In Sri Lanka and the Maldives over have been distributed.

governments and communities meet the need for psychosocial support, to people cope with the trauma and loss, and rebuild In Aceh, four community centres have been These centers, provide not counseling

and outreach program focus on traumatized women but training in new skills to help and young people rebuild lives. Several more are in the In Sri Lanka, UNFPA has contributed to the development of the National Policy and for psychosocial and mental health and set up a Psychosocial Desk at the Centre for Operations to direct external In the Maldives, emotional support teams were formed in all affected islands to cater first aid.

UNFPA is promoting the participation of in aid distribution and decision making in the and planning processes. In the case of Sri UNFPA has supported the conduct of a audit, and established an information for improved gender policy and responsiveness. The Gender Desk at the NCW in Sri with UNFPA support has gender focal at the District Management Committees to ensure participation in the post- tsunami phase. In Indonesia, UNFPA has in conjunction with the National Planning Board (BAPPENAS), the Government, and the Ministry of Women’s a gender mainstreaming training for 500 authorities in Aceh to ensure participation of communities in the development of the plans.

In Indonesia, UNFPA is supporting the Central Bureau for (BPS) to conduct a census on Aceh to get accurate demographic The much-needed census data contribute towards the longer rehabilitation and reconstruction of Aceh. The will be available and disseminated in 2005.

Key Challenges

Although has been achieved, the humanitarian and challenges are still enormous and complex issues (issues to equity, land tenure, livelihoods, planning, inter-sectoral and level coordination etc) need to be resolved. Most have set up institutional mechanisms mandates for inter-sectoral coordination and are now more on long term However, there are still key that need addressing. relate to:

Weak capacities of implementing and at times too many donors. capacity on the ground and speed at projects move are largely on the local capacity. The implementing are finding it difficult to cope different donors trying to their respective programs capacity. Even prior to the Aceh for instance, was one of the least regions in the country.

Overall mechanisms at the district level and the districts and central authorities weak. Effective coordination has a challenge given the large of players in the health sector. many government structures already under resourced and in cases strained by years of conflict.

Start up challenges to the reconstruction work of health in Sri Lanka for instance, have formidable. These relate to like identification of alternate for reconstruction, coastal buffer acquisition of land, surveys, of ownership to the Ministry of Health, by the Urban Development Authority, planning, layouts, approvals, biddings, bill of quantities for facilities etc. Meanwhile, to proper fund utilization and UNFPA is adhering to its own internal regulations and procurement procedures bidding, contract approval etc to the possible that at times some delays. But once all the are in place, expenditure will accelerate.

Changes in the structure of the implementing There have been operational, structural and personnel within the implementing agencies, hindered an early start, and of activities.

Security Situation in the of work has been a concern. In security remains the issue constrains staff movement. For Aceh Jaya and Aceh — two of the four districts in UNFPA works are under UN phase four. Travels for appointments of staff to work in areas are delayed or have not able to start. In Sri Lanka the political environment continues to be with the decline in the security in the Eastern Provinces, resulting in a than expected rate of

Reproductive Health and Gender tend to be neglected in the initial phase. National mechanisms to gender concerns and address violence as a multi-sectoral response lacking in the beginning and required a lot of Sensitizing policy makers and commitments at various levels to gender equity in rebuilding of and economic systems and ensuring womens’ concerns are not ignored challenges and initial delays in UNFPA’s gender projects.

Appeal and Funding

In the Flash launched on 6 January, UNFPA a total of USD 27.9 million. The changing reality on the ground has now a revised requirement of approx USD 31 for UNFPA projects in Indonesia, Sri and the Maldives. In addition to the flash UNFPA mobilized resources for related activities in Thailand and for the in and around the affected areas in

Total pledges to-date USD 26.8 million (approx. 95% of the Flash Appeal). UNFPA’s own from its regular resources has USD 3 million towards the Tsunami. In approximately USD 1 million has been for the purchase of RH equipment/supplies and commodities out of the Health Commodity Security Fund. The largest donor-pledged are in the table below. As of 30 June UNFPA as received a total of USD 24 from external donors for the appeal.

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