We Love Volkswagen’s Past Present And Future Volkswagen Type 4 — Volkswagen 412 Variant

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Volkswagen 412 Variant

Wednesday, July 8, 2009

Type 4

Volkswagen 411 / Volkswagen 412

The Type 4 was a mid-sized 2 or 4-door or 2-door estate built by (VW) of Germany. It was introduced at the Motor Show in October withdrawn from sale in

The Type 4 was larger than the Type 3 and had a more powerful (1.7 — 1.8 litres, as to 1.5 — 1.6 for the Type 3). The Type 3 and 4 were the last of the company’s models apart from the Type 2 bus range which until 1983 (and had an version of the type 4 fuel engine), and followed on from the Type 1 (Beetle). They succeeded by the massively successful and Dasher/Passat.

1971 Volkswagen 411LE.

The 4 introduced many firsts to the range. These included: construction, MacPherson strut suspension, rear suspension coil springs and trailing a hydraulic clutch (for equipped with a manual and one of the first fully automatic (the first was in the 1969 3 models) in a Volkswagen. (Previous had used an automatic (vacuum-actuated) but gears still had to be changed The Type 4 was also Volkswagen’s 4-door car. The MacPherson front suspension was later employed in the 1302/1303 (Super

The Type 4’s battery was under the driver’s seat. In the of the car was located a gasoline-operated heater (an BA4) that was fired by a plug accessible from a rear window deck

1968 Volkswagen 411 4 door 1968 models, without injected motors, are distinguished by unusually shaped single covers.

The Type 4 was marketed as the 411, produced from to 1972, and, modestly as the 412 from 1972 till Both ranges included a saloon and an estate version. The car at came with a 1679 cc carburettor engine: just one later, in 1969, this was with a fuel injected increasing claimed power from 68 to 80 bhp (60 kW), and making one of the first mass production to include the feature — along the Volkswagen Type 3, which had received electronic fuel in 1968. Fuel injection was by the suffix letter ‘E’ Einspritzung) in the model’s name: the 80 bhp (60 kW) engine was shared with the Porsche 914 also launched in The most obvious visual in 1969 was the replacement of single headlights, behind windcheating with uncovered twin

1974 Volkswagen 412 estate.

Towards the end of 1973 the Volkswagen featuring a slightly larger, cc engine, replaced the 411. feed reverted to a twin system. The 412’s headlight was reshaped and the nose panels redesigned, to give the car a slightly bland look.

The design of the 412 Variant was followed when the Brasilia was produced in Brazil, for the Latin American markets.

and marketing

Even after years of disappointing sales, no was made to have the car compete on suggesting that the Type 4 was not particularly cheap to produce. In 1974 on the domestic market the 412L was priced at DM 10,995 (DM for the 412 LS). The price setter in the was probably the Opel Rekord was offered in 1700 cc guise for DM itself fractionally undercut by the Consul 1700 at DM 10,740. The German government was at this cultivating currency stability, and across the Upper Rhine the cc Peugeot 504 L was offered at a challenging DM Unfortunately, however, even in its country, the verdict of the market did not support Volkswagen’s evident that the 412 deserved to command a premium on account of its Volkswagen

During a six year production just 367,728 Type 4s produced. That was better the 210,082 achieved by the contemporary K70 (which effectively had only a year model life). Type 4 sales levels have been disappointing set against the volumes achieved by the 1 (Beetle) and Type 3 models. The market dominance of GM’s Rekord, its production running at 300,000 cars annually, was not threatened by Volkswagen’s 411/412 in the sedan sector.

In the United where the Type 4 was on sale for seasons, it was regarded as too underpowered. The 4 was in fact a sales disaster in the selling only 117,110 over a four-year-period.

Popular perception

In contemporary vernacular, the 411 was called Nasenbär or Vier Türen elf Jahre zu meaning four doors eleven years too late it was Volkswagen’s first 4-door (The Opel Rekord had offered with four only since 1959 its Vauxhall counterparts were four-door-only, and starting in 1957 Union had offered a four version of their small sedan.)

The powerplant lived on

the Type 4 was discontinued in 1974 sales dropped, its engine the power plant for Volkswagen 2’s (Kombis) produced 1972 to 1979: it continued in form in the later Vanagon was air-cooled from 1980 mid-1983. The engine that the Type 4 engine in late retained Volkswagen Type 1 yet featured water-cooled cylinder and cylinder jackets. The Wasserboxer. VW for a water-cooled, opposed-cylinder (flat or engine ), did not enjoy the reputation for that the original air-cooled had forged. From the very the engine suffered cylinder-to-head problems, mostly due to galvanic often a result of slack schedules. Volkswagen discontinued the in 1992, upon the introduction of the

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