Mexican Labor News & Analysis articles — Volkswagen Worker

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Mexican Labor News

Mexican President Praises, but Protest Energy Reform on of Expropriation of the Foreign Oil Industry

The anniversary of Mexico’s expropriation of the oil industry on March 18, 1938 saw a of meetings, demonstrations, and protests in City and throughout the country. President Enrique Peсa praised Congress and the Mexican for passing last year the reform that opened petroleum industry, other and union leaders led protests. The of the dissidents demonstrated the continuing to Peсa Nieto’s policies by a section of Mexican society, but showed the fragmented character of the and the labor movement.

For decades the Institutional Revolutionary Party led the commemorations of the anniversary of the expropriation—and year was no different, though was being praised by Peсa was practically the opposite of what had celebrated before. While presidents had emphasized President Cбrdenas’ courage in seizing the oil refineries, and shipping docks of Oil, Royal Dutch and other foreign petroleum this year Peсa accompanied by other PRI leaders and by Romero Deschamps, head of the Petroleum Workers Union praised the opening of the Mexico’s oil to foreign investors, including of the same firms that had been expropriated, compensated, and

The Petroleum Workers Union the Reform

Peсa Nieto the “daring of the Mexican people” for the courage to open the industry to investors including foreign a decision which would in “more oil, more and more electricity.” But, he “Let there be no doubt with the energy reform the government will continue to be the owner of the petroleum reserves, of the of the industry, and of the Mexican Petroleum (PEMEX).”

After an un-programmed intervention by head of the union, speaking in of the energy reform, accompanied by and cheers from the oil workers who him, Peсa Nieto that union workers’ were secure and that the of workers in the oil industry would be The president expressed his pleasure at that the oil workers were “at the of the president as they had been on so occasions.”

The Opposition Divided

in another gathering in Mexico Cuauhtйmoc Cбrdenas Solуrzano, son of Cбrdenas who nationalized the oil industry, the and presidential candidate of the Party of the Revolution (PRD) and three-time candidate (1988, 1994, and proclaimed that he remained to the energy reform and to the amendments to 25, 27, and 28 of the Mexican Constitution, and that he continue to work to overturn Cбrdenas was accompanied by Jesъs president of the PRD, by Miguel Mancera, mayor of Mexico and by other party leaders.

At about the same time, in his of Villahermosa, Tabasco, Andrйs Lуpez Obrador, led about of his supporters in a “patriotic oath in of petroleum.” Lуpez Obrador, of the Party of the Democratic Revolution in the presidential elections of 2006 and and since then founder of the Regeneration Movement (MORENA), a new party, has called for a national on the energy reform and has promised he would lead a movement of disobedience to challenge the energy

The Left and the Independent Unions

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In Mexico City and throughout the there were protest against the energy reform by the PRD and as well as by several independent and unions, most important the Union of Workers (UNT) and the New Central (NCT), and by the Peoples for a Constituent Assembly along other social movements and organizations. In various cities the included teachers and students, activists, and retirees.

The Mexico City march the Mexican Electrical Workers (SME) and the National Coordinating (la CNTE) a dissident caucus the Mexican Teachers Union, and the Congress, as well as many groups. Even in Mexico there were several opposition events representing organizations and political tendencies various political agendas.

In Jalisco marchers carried flags, homemade signs, and slogans, one of the popular ones “No, no, no we don’t want to be an colony, we want to be a free and country.” (No, no, no, no nos da la gana de ser una norteamericana; sн, sн, sн, sн me da la gana, ser una naciуn y soberana.) In Chilpancingo, Guerrero constructed a “wall of shame” photos of Peсa Nieto, and congresspersons who voted for the energy

While the opposition political unions, social movements and organizations failed to come around a common leadership and of action, there remains do that the energy reform and the structural reforms of the Peсa administration remain unpopular a significant part of the Mexican

Back to March. 2014 of Contents

Impact of Energy Now Clear: Two-thirds of Oil Reserves Off

The full impact of President Peсa Nieto’s energy became clear at the end of March as the Petroleum Company (PEMEX) that it had auctioned off to private and investors the right to explore and in some two-thirds of Mexico’s oil amounting to the equivalent of all of the oil produced in the 110 years, according to Gustavo Garcнa, head of PEMEX and Production. This is the first in 75 years that these have been opened to parties.

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